fountain vs spring what difference

what is difference between fountain and spring

English

Etymology

From Middle English [Term?]; from Old French fontaine (whence modern fontaine); from Late Latin fontana, from Latin fontanus, fontaneus, adjectives from fons (source, spring).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfaʊn.tn̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): [ˈfaʊn.ʔn̩]

Noun

fountain (plural fountains)

  1. (originally) A natural source of water; a spring.
  2. An artificial, usually ornamental, water feature (usually in a garden or public place) consisting of one or more streams of water originating from a statue or other structure.
  3. The structure from which an artificial fountain can issue.
  4. A reservoir from which liquid can be drawn.
  5. A source or origin of a flow (e.g., of favors or knowledge).
    • 1700, Tom Brown, Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London, page 5:
      Nothing will pleaſe ſome Men, but Books ſtuff’d with Antiquity, groaning under the weight of Learned Quotations drawn from the Fountains: And what is all this but Pilfering.
  6. (heraldry) A roundel barry wavy argent and azure.
  7. (juggling) A juggling pattern typically done with an even number of props where each prop is caught by the same hand that throws it.
  8. (US) A soda fountain.
    • 2014, Danielle Sarver Coombs, ‎Bob Batchelor, We Are What We Sell: How Advertising Shapes American Life… and Always Has (page 222)
      He takes out a soup bowl, fills it with Pepsi from the fountain, and places it carefully on the counter in front of the boy. “That’ll be a quarter,” he says professionally.
  9. (US) A drink poured from a soda fountain, or the cup it is poured into.
  10. A ground-based firework that projects sparks similar to a water fountain.
  11. (figurative) Anything that resembles a fountain in operation.

Synonyms

  • fount
  • wellspring
  • (heraldry) syke

Derived terms

Related terms

  • font

Translations

Verb

fountain (third-person singular simple present fountains, present participle fountaining, simple past and past participle fountained)

  1. (intransitive) To flow or gush as if from a fountain.
    • 1978, Tom Reamy, Blind Voices
      The fireflies swept toward him from all directions, in streams and rivers and currents of light, a vortex a hundred yards across, spiraling into the brighter center. They met over his supine body like ocean breakers, cascading, fountaining into the air.

Translations

References

Further reading

  • fountain on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • infonaut


English

Etymology

As a verb, from Middle English springen (to burst or flow forth, to sprout, to emerge, to happen, to become known, to sprinkle), from Old English springan (to burst or flow forth, to sprout, to emerge, to become known), cognate with Afrikaans spring, West Frisian springe, Dutch & German springen, Danish springe, Swedish springa. Further etymology is uncertain, but usually taken to derive from a Proto-Germanic verb reconstructed as *springaną (to burst forth), from a Proto-Indo-European root reconstructed *sperǵʰ- whose other descendants may include Lithuanian spreñgti (to push (in)), Old Church Slavonic прѧсти (pręsti, to spin, to stretch), Latin spargere (to sprinkle, to scatter), Ancient Greek σπέρχω (spérkhō, to hasten), Sanskrit स्पृहयति (spṛháyati, to be eager). Some newer senses derived from the noun.

As a noun, from Middle English spring (a wellspring, tide, branch, sunrise, kind of dance or blow, ulcer, snare, flock), from Old English spring (wellspring, ulcer) and Old English spryng (a jump), from ablaut forms of the Proto-Germanic verb. Further senses derived from the verb and from clippings of day-spring, springtime, spring tide, etc. Its sense as the season, first attested in a work predating 1325, gradually replaced Old English lencten (spring, Lent) as that word became more specifically liturgical. Compare fall.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: sprĭng, IPA(key): /spɹɪŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋ

Verb

spring (third-person singular simple present springs, present participle springing, simple past sprang or sprung, past participle sprung)

  1. (intransitive) To burst forth.
    1. (of liquids) To gush, to flow suddenly and violently.
      • Beowulf, ll. 2966–7:
        …for swenge swat ædrum sprong
        forð under fexe.
        …for the swing, the blood from his veins sprang
        forth under his hair.
      • c. 1540, John Bellenden translating Livy as History of Rome, Vol. I, i, xxii, p. 125:
        …þe wound þat was springand with huge stremes of blude…
    2. (of water, now mostly followed by “out” or “up”) To gush, to flow out of the ground.
    3. (of light) To appear, to dawn.
      • 1611, Bible (KJV), Judges, 19:25:
        …so the man tooke his concubine, and brought her foorth vnto them, and they knew her, and abused her all the night vntil the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her goe.
    4. (of plants) To sprout, to grow,
      • 1611, Bible (KJV), Job, 38:25–27:
        Who hath diuided a water-course for the ouerflowing of waters? or a way for the lightning of thunder,
        To cause it to raine on the earth, where no man is: on the wildernesse wherein there is no man?
        To satisfie the desolate and waste ground, and to cause the bud of the tender herbe to spring forth.
      • 1936, Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People, p. 42:
        Dr. Sigmund Freud… says that everything you and I do springs from two motives: the sex urge and the desire to be great.
      • 1974, James Albert Michener, Centennial, p. 338:
        There was moisture in the ground, and from it sprang a million flowers, gold and blue and brown and red.
      • 2006, N. Roberts, Morrigann’s Cross, vi:
        Foxglove sprang tall and purple among the trees.
    5. (now chiefly botanical) To grow taller or longer.
    6. (hunting, especially of birds) To rise from cover.
    7. (of landscape) To come dramatically into view.
    8. (figuratively) to arise, to come into existence.
      Synonyms: arise, form, take shape
    9. (figuratively, Usually with cardinal adverbs, of animals) to move with great speed and energy; to leap, to jump; to dart, to sprint; of people: to rise rapidly from a seat, bed, etc.
      • c. 1250, Life of St Margaret, Trin. Col. MS B.14.39 (323), f. 22v:
        …into helle spring
      • 1474, William Caxton translator, Game and Playe of the Chesse, iii, vii, 141:
        Ye kynge… sprange out of his chare and resseyuyd them worshipfully.
      • 1722, Ambrose Philips, The Briton:
        …the Mountain Stag, that springs
        From Height to Height, and bounds along the Plains,
        Nor has a Master to restrain his Course…
      • 1827, Clement Clarke Moore, “(A Visit from St. Nicholas)“:
        …out on the lawn there arose such a clatter,
        I sprang from my bed to see what was the matter.
      • 2011 April 11, The Atlantic:
        Reporters sprang to the conclusion that the speech would make detailed new commitments…
      Synonyms: bound, jump, leap
    10. (usually with from) To be born, descend, or originate from
    11. (figuratively, religion, philosophy) to descend or originate from.
    12. (obsolete) To rise in social position or military rank, to be promoted.
    13. (obsolete, of knowledge, usually with wide) To become known, to spread.
    14. (obsolete, of odors) To emit, to spread.
  2. (transitive, archaic, of beards) To grow.
    • c. 1330,, “Otuel”, The Taill of Rauf Coilyear, ll. 1445–6:
      A ȝong kniȝt, þat sprong furst [berd],
      Of no man he nas aferd.
  3. (transitive) To cause to burst forth.
    1. (rare, of water) To cause to well up or flow out of the ground.
    2. (figuratively, of plants) To bring forth.
      1. (obsolete) permit to bring forth new shoots, leaves, etc.
    3. (obsolete, of knowledge) To cause to become known, to tell of.
    4. (figuratively, of animals) To cause to move energetically; (equestrianism) to cause to gallop, to spur.
      • 1986 April 25, Horse & Hound, p. 40:
        Just before the last pair of cones he sprung his ponies.
      • 2003 July 10, Daily Telegraph, p. 7:
        Simple tricks such as an ‘ollie’—springing the board into mid-air—can be picked up in just a couple of weeks.
    5. (hunting, of birds) To cause to rise from cover.
    6. (obsolete, military, of weapons) To shift quickly from one designated position to another.
      • 1833, Regulations for the Instruction… of the Cavalry, i, i, 29:
        Each man springs his ramrod as the officer passes him, and then returns it.
    7. (obsolete, of horses) To breed with, to impregnate.
      • 1585, Thomas Washington translating Nicolas De Nicolay as The Navigations, Peregrinations, and Voyages, Made into Turkie…, Bk. IV, p. 154:
        …[they] sought the fairest stoned horses to spring their mares…
    8. (of mechanisms) To cause to work or open by sudden application of pressure.
      • 1747, The London Magazine, Or, Gentleman’s Monthly Intelligencer
        On the 23d, the Besiegers sprung a Mine under the Salient Angle, upon the Right of the Haif Moon, which had the desired Success, the Enemy’s Gallery on that Side, and the Mason-Work of the Counterscarp, being thereby demolished.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To make wet, to moisten.
  5. (intransitive, usually with “to” or “up”) To rise suddenly, (of tears) to well up.
  6. (intransitive, now usually with “apart” or “open”) To burst into pieces, to explode, to shatter.
    • 1698, François Froger, A Relation of a Voyage Made… on the Coasts of Africa, p. 30:
      On the 22nd the mines sprang, and took very good effect.
  7. (obsolete, military) to go off.
    • 2012 April 21, Sydney Morning Herald, p. 5:
      The whole contraption appears liable to spring apart at any moment.
  8. (transitive, military) To cause to explode, to set off, to detonate.
    • 1625, Samuel Purchas, Purchas His Pilgrimes, Vol. II, x, ix:
      They sprung another Mine… wherein was placed about sixtie Barrels of Powder.
  9. (intransitive, nautical, usually perfective) To crack.
    • 2011, Julian Stockwin, Conquest, p. 177:
      Probably the mast had sprung in some squall.
  10. (transitive, nautical) To have something crack.
    • 1582 August 2, Richard Madox, diary:
      The Edward sprang hir foremast.
  11. (transitive, nautical) To cause to crack.
    • a. 1653, Zacharie Boyd, “Zion’s Flowers”:
      A boisterous wind…
      Springs the… mast…
  12. (transitive, figuratively) To surprise by sudden or deft action.
    1. To come upon and flush out
      • 1819, James Hardy Vaux, “A New and Comprehensive Vocabulary of the Flash Language”, Memoirs, Vol. II, s.v. “Plant”:
        To spring a plant, is to find any thing that has been concealed by another.
    2. (Australia, slang) to catch in an illegal act or compromising position.
      • 1980, John Hepworth & al., Boozing Out in Melbourne Pubs…, p. 42:
        He figured that nobody would ever spring him, but he figured wrong.
    3. (obsolete) To begin something.
    4. (obsolete) To produce, provide, or place an item unexpectedly.
      • 1700, John Dryden translating Ovid as “Cinyras and Myrrha” in Fables, p. 178:
        Surpriz’d with Fright,
        She starts, and leaves her Bed, and springs a Light.
      • 1851, Henry Mayhew, London Labour and London Poor, Vol. I, p. 53:
        It’s a feast at a poor country labourer’s place, when he springs six-penn’orth of fresh herrings.
    5. (obsolete, slang) To put bad money into circulation.
    6. (obsolete, of jokes, gags) To tell, to share.
    7. (of news, surprises) To announce unexpectedly, to reveal.
    8. (transitive, slang, US) To free from imprisonment, especially by facilitating an illegal escape.
      Synonyms: free, let out, release, spring loose
    9. (intransitive, slang, rare) To be free of imprisonment, especially by illegal escape.
  13. (transitive, architecture, of arches) To build, to form the initial curve of.
  14. (intransitive, architecture, of arches, with “from”) To extend, to curve.
  15. (transitive, nautical) To turn a vessel using a spring attached to its anchor cable.
  16. (transitive, obsolete, nautical) To raise a vessel’s sheer.
  17. (transitive, obsolete, cobblery) To raise a last’s toe.
  18. (transitive) To pay or spend a certain sum, to cough up.
    • 1957, Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, Over Seventy, p. 137:
      He wouldn’t spring a nickel for a bag of peanuts.
  19. (obsolete, intransitive, slang) To raise an offered price.
  20. (transitive, US, dialectal) Alternative form of sprain.
  21. (transitive, US, dialectal) Alternative form of strain.
  22. (intransitive, obsolete) To act as a spring: to strongly rebound.
  23. (transitive, rare) To equip with springs, especially (of vehicles) to equip with a suspension.
  24. (transitive, rare, obsolete) To provide spring or elasticity
  25. (figuratively, rare, obsolete) to inspire, to motivate.
  26. (transitive) To deform owing to excessive pressure, to become warped; to intentionally deform in order to position and then straighten in place.
    • 1873 July, Routledge’s Young Gentleman’s Magazine, p. 503:
      Don’t drive it in too hard, as it will ‘spring’ the plane-iron, and make it concave.
  27. (intransitive, now rare) To reach maturity, to be fully grown.
  28. (intransitive, Britain, dialectal, chiefly of cows) To swell with milk or pregnancy.
    • 1955, Patrick White, The Tree of Man, New York: Viking, Chapter 15, p. 228,[2]
      “Gee, Dad, Nancy’s springing all right,” Ray said and paused in spontaneous pleasure.
      Stan Parker came, and together they looked at their swelling heifer.
  29. (transitive, of rattles, archaic) To sound, to play.
  30. (intransitive, obsolete) To spend the springtime somewhere
    1. (of animals) to find or get enough food during springtime.

Usage notes

  • The past-tense forms sprang and sprung are both well attested historically. In modern usage, sprang is comparatively formal (and more often considered correct), sprung comparatively informal. The past participle, however, is overwhelmingly sprung; sprang as a past participle is attested, but is no longer in standard use.

Synonyms

  • (come into being): see also Thesaurus:come into being

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

spring (countable and uncountable, plural springs)

  1. (countable) An act of springing: a leap, a jump.
    • 1700, John Dryden, “The Cock and the Fox”:
      The pris’ner with a spring from prison broke;
      Then stretch’d his feather’d fans with all his might,
      And to the neighb’ring maple wing’d his flight.
  2. (countable) The season of the year in temperate regions in which plants spring from the ground and into bloom and dormant animals spring to life.
    Synonym: springtime
    Coordinate terms: summer, autumn or fall, winter
    1. (astronomy) The period from the moment of vernal equinox (around March 21 in the Northern Hemisphere) to the moment of the summer solstice (around June 21); the equivalent periods reckoned in other cultures and calendars.
    2. (meteorology) The three months of March, April, and May in the Northern Hemisphere and September, October, and November in the Southern Hemisphere.
  3. (uncountable, figuratively) The time of something’s growth; the early stages of some process.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), 1 Samuel 9:26:
      …and it came to passe about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house…
  4. (countable, fashion) Someone with ivory or peach skin tone and eyes and hair that are not extremely dark, seen as best suited to certain colors of clothing.
  5. (countable) Something which springs, springs forth, springs up, or springs back, particularly
    1. (geology) A spray or body of water springing from the ground.
      Synonyms: fount, source
    2. (oceanography, obsolete) The rising of the sea at high tide.
    3. (oceanography) Short for spring tide, the especially high tide shortly after full and new moons.
      Antonym: neap tide
    4. A mechanical device made of flexible or coiled material that exerts force and attempts to spring back when bent, compressed, or stretched.
      Synonym: coil
    5. (nautical) A line from a vessel’s end or side to its anchor cable used to diminish or control its movement.
      • 1836, Frederick Marryat, Mr. Midshipman Easy, Vol. III, p. 72:
        He had warped round with the springs on his cable, and had recommenced his fire upon the Aurora.
    6. (nautical) A line laid out from a vessel’s end to the opposite end of an adjacent vessel or mooring to diminish or control its movement.
      • 1769, William Falconer, An Universal Dictionary of the Marine, s.v.:
        Spring is likewise a rope reaching diagonally from the stern of a ship to the head of another which lies along-side or a-breast of her.
      • 2007 January 26, Business Times:
        Springs’ are the ropes used on a ship that is alongside a berth to prevent fore and aft movements.
    7. (figuratively) A race, a lineage.
    8. (figuratively) A youth.
    9. A shoot, a young tree.
    10. A grove of trees; a forest.
  6. (countable, slang) An erection of the penis. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. (countable, nautical, obsolete) A crack which has sprung up in a mast, spar, or (rare) a plank or seam.
    • 1846, Arthur Young, Nautical Dictionary, p. 292:
      A spar is said to be sprung, when it is cracked or split,… and the crack is called a spring.
  8. (uncountable) Springiness: an attribute or quality of springing, springing up, or springing back, particularly
    1. Elasticity: the property of a body springing back to its original form after compression, stretching, etc.
      Synonyms: bounce, bounciness, elasticity, resilience, springiness
    2. Elastic energy, power, or force.
      • 1697, John Dryden, Virgil’s Aeneis, Bk. xi, ll. 437–8:
        Heav’ns what a spring was in his Arm, to throw:
        How high he held his Shield, and rose at ev’ry blow!
  9. (countable) The source from which an action or supply of something springs.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Psalms 87:7:
      As wel the singers as the players on instruments shall bee there: all my springs are in thee.
    • 1693, Richard Bentley, The Folly and Unreasonableness of Atheism…, Sermon 1:
      Such a man can do all things through Christ that strengtheneth him, he can patiently suffer all things with cheerfull submission and resignation to the Divine Will. He has a secret Spring of spiritual Joy, and the continual Feast of a good Conscience within, that forbid him to be miserable.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 1:
      ‘Have you ever contemplated, Adrian, the phenomenon of springs?’
      ‘Coils, you mean?’
      ‘Not coils, Adrian, no. Coils not. Think springs of water. Think wells and spas and sources. Well-springs in the widest and loveliest sense. Jerusalem, for instance, is a spring of religiosity. One small town in the desert, but the source of the world’s three most powerful faiths… Religion seems to bubble from its sands.’
    Synonyms: impetus, impulse
  10. (countable) Something which causes others or another to spring forth or spring into action, particularly
    1. A cause, a motive, etc.
      • 1713, Alexander Pope, Prologue to Cato, a Tragedy by Joseph Addison
        Our author shuns by vulgar springs to move
        The hero’s glory, or the virgin’s love.
    2. (obsolete) A lively piece of music.

Usage notes

Note that season names are not capitalized in modern English unless at the beginning of a sentence, for example, I can’t wait for spring to arrive. Exceptions occur when the season is personified, as in Old Man Winter, is used as part of a name, as in the Winter War, or is used as a given name, as in Summer Glau. This is in contrast to the days of the week and months of the year, which are always capitalized (Thursday or September).

Synonyms

  • (time of growth, early stages): See Thesaurus:beginning

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • geyser
  • Hooke’s law
  • seep
  • Slinky
  • vernal
  • well

References

  • “spring, n¹.”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • “spring, n².”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • “spring, n³.”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • “spring, v¹.”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • “spring, v².”, in OED Online ⁠, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • “spring, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2018.
  • “springen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2018.

Danish

Etymology

Verbal noun to springe.

Noun

spring n (singular definite springet, plural indefinite spring)

  1. spring, jump, vault, leap

Declension

Related terms

Verb

spring

  1. imperative of springe

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sprɪŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋ

Verb

spring

  1. first-person singular present indicative of springen
  2. imperative of springen

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃpʁɪŋ/

Verb

spring

  1. singular imperative of springen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of springen

Icelandic

Verb

spring

  1. inflection of springa:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • springe

Etymology

From Old English spring, spryng.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sprinɡ/, [spriŋɡ]

Noun

spring (plural springes)

  1. spring, (natural) fountain, font.
  2. sprout, shoot
  3. sunrise
  4. leap, jump
  5. (rare) spring (season)

Descendants

  • English: spring
  • Scots: spring

See also


Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

spring

  1. imperative of springe

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

spring

  1. present of springa

Scots

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sprɪŋ]

Noun

spring (plural springs)

  1. spring, springtime
  2. growth of vegetation in springtime

Verb

tae spring (third-person singular simple present springs, present participle springin, simple past sprang, past participle sprung)

  1. to spring
  2. to leap over, cross at a bound
  3. to put forth, send up or out
  4. to burst, split, break apart, break into
  5. to dance a reel

Swedish

Noun

spring n

  1. a running (back and forth)
    • 1918, Goss-skolan i Plumfield, the Swedish translation of Louisa M. Alcott, Little Men: Life at Plumfield with Jo’s Boys (1871)
      Eftermiddagen tillbragtes med att ordna sakerna, och när springet och släpet och hamrandet var förbi, inbjödos damerna att beskåda anstalten.

      The afternoon was spent in arranging things, and when the running and lugging and hammering was over, the ladies were invited to behold the institution.

Declension

Verb

spring

  1. imperative of springa.

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