fragrance vs perfume what difference

what is difference between fragrance and perfume

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French fragrance, from Latin fragrantia. See fragrant.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: frāʹ-grəns, IPA(key): /ˈfɹeɪɡɹəns/

Noun

fragrance (countable and uncountable, plural fragrances)

  1. A pleasant smell or odour.

Synonyms

  • (pleasant smell): aroma

Translations

Verb

fragrance (third-person singular simple present fragrances, present participle fragrancing, simple past and past participle fragranced)

  1. (transitive) To apply a fragrance to; to perfume.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Ecclesiastical Latin fragrantia, from fragrō, fragrāre. Related to flairer, which was inherited.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʁa.ɡʁɑ̃s/

Noun

fragrance f (plural fragrances)

  1. a fragrance, a pleasurable smell

Further reading

  • “fragrance” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French parfum. Doublet of parfum.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɜːfjuːm/
  • (US) pûr’fyo͞om”, IPA(key): /ˈpɝfjuːm/ or enPR: pər-fyoo͞m’, IPA(key): /pɚˈfjuːm/
  • (General American):
  • (noun) IPA(key): /ˈpɚfjuːm/
  • (verb) IPA(key): /pɚˈfjuːm/

Noun

perfume (countable and uncountable, plural perfumes)

  1. A pleasant smell; the scent, odor, or odoriferous particles emitted from a sweet-smelling substance; a pleasant odor
    • Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. A substance created to provide a pleasant smell or one which emits an agreeable odor.

Synonyms

  • (pleasant smell): aroma, fragrance, scent
  • (substance providing a pleasant smell): fragrance, scent

Derived terms

  • acoustic perfume
  • perfumelike
  • perfumey

Translations

Verb

perfume (third-person singular simple present perfumes, present participle perfuming, simple past and past participle perfumed)

  1. (transitive) To apply perfume to; to fill or impregnate with a perfume; to scent.

Translations

Related terms

  • perfumed
  • perfumery

References

  • perfume in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Occitan perfum.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: per‧fu‧me

Noun

perfume m (plural perfumes)

  1. perfume (substance providing a pleasant smell)

Verb

perfume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of perfumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of perfumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of perfumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of perfumar

References


Spanish

Etymology

Nominal of perfumar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /peɾˈfume/, [peɾˈfu.me]

Noun

perfume m (plural perfumes)

  1. perfume
    Synonyms: olor, aroma, fragancia

Related terms

  • perfumar
  • perfumería
  • perfumero
  • perfumista

Verb

perfume

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of perfumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of perfumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of perfumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of perfumar.

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