fraud vs pretender what difference

what is difference between fraud and pretender

English

Etymology

From Middle English fraude (recorded since 1345), from Old French fraude, a borrowing from Latin fraus (deceit, injury, offence).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fɹɔːd/
  • (US) enPR: frôd, IPA(key): /fɹɔd/
  • (cotcaught merger, Inland Northern American) enPR: frŏd, IPA(key): /fɹɑd/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːd

Noun

fraud (countable and uncountable, plural frauds)

  1. (law) The crime of stealing or otherwise illegally obtaining money by use of deception tactics.
  2. Any act of deception carried out for the purpose of unfair, undeserved and/or unlawful gain.
  3. The assumption of a false identity to such deceptive end.
  4. A person who performs any such trick.
  5. (obsolete) A trap or snare.

Synonyms

  • swindle
  • scam
  • (criminal) deceit
  • trickery
  • hoky-poky
  • imposture
  • (person) faker, fraudster, impostor, cheat(er), trickster
  • grift

Related terms

  • defraud
  • fraudulence
  • fraudulent
  • fraudulently
  • fraudulentness
  • insurance fraud
  • mail fraud
  • pious fraud
  • wire fraud

Translations

Verb

fraud (third-person singular simple present frauds, present participle frauding, simple past and past participle frauded)

  1. (obsolete) To defraud

Translations

See also

  • embezzlement
  • false billing
  • false advertising
  • forgery
  • identity theft
  • predatory lending
  • quackery
  • usury
  • white-collar crime

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

fraud f

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by frau


English

Etymology

pretend +‎ -er

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛndə(ɹ)

Noun

pretender (plural pretenders)

  1. A person who professes beliefs and opinions that they do not hold.
  2. A claimant to an abolished or already occupied throne.

Synonyms

  • dissembler
  • hypocrite
  • phoney

Related terms

  • pretend

Translations


Galician

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin praetendere, present active infinitive of praetendō.

Verb

pretender (first-person singular present pretendo, first-person singular preterite pretendín, past participle pretendido)

  1. to pretend
  2. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of pretender
  3. first/third-person singular personal infinitive of pretender

Conjugation


Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin praetendere, present active infinitive of praetendō.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /pɾe.tẽ.ˈde(ʁ)/

Verb

pretender (first-person singular present indicative pretendo, past participle pretendido)

  1. to want
  2. to pretend
  3. to intend
  4. to request
  5. to aspire

Conjugation

Usage notes

  • Pretender is a false friend, and does not mean pretend in the sense of to claim that or act as if something is different from what it actually is.

Related terms

  • pretenso
  • pretensão

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin praetendere, present active infinitive of praetendō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɾetenˈdeɾ/, [pɾe.t̪ẽn̪ˈd̪eɾ]

Verb

pretender (first-person singular present pretendo, first-person singular preterite pretendí, past participle pretendido)

  1. to intend, to aim (for/to)
  2. to woo, to court
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) to pretend (claim, allege)

Usage notes

  • Pretender is a false friend, and does not mean pretend in the sense of to claim that or act as if something is different from what it actually is. The Spanish word for pretend in that sense is fingir.

Conjugation

Related terms

  • pretendiente
  • pretencioso
  • pretenso
  • pretensión

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