fraud vs sham what difference

what is difference between fraud and sham

English

Etymology

From Middle English fraude (recorded since 1345), from Old French fraude, a borrowing from Latin fraus (deceit, injury, offence).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fɹɔːd/
  • (US) enPR: frôd, IPA(key): /fɹɔd/
  • (cotcaught merger, Inland Northern American) enPR: frŏd, IPA(key): /fɹɑd/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːd

Noun

fraud (countable and uncountable, plural frauds)

  1. (law) The crime of stealing or otherwise illegally obtaining money by use of deception tactics.
  2. Any act of deception carried out for the purpose of unfair, undeserved and/or unlawful gain.
  3. The assumption of a false identity to such deceptive end.
  4. A person who performs any such trick.
  5. (obsolete) A trap or snare.

Synonyms

  • swindle
  • scam
  • (criminal) deceit
  • trickery
  • hoky-poky
  • imposture
  • (person) faker, fraudster, impostor, cheat(er), trickster
  • grift

Related terms

  • defraud
  • fraudulence
  • fraudulent
  • fraudulently
  • fraudulentness
  • insurance fraud
  • mail fraud
  • pious fraud
  • wire fraud

Translations

Verb

fraud (third-person singular simple present frauds, present participle frauding, simple past and past participle frauded)

  1. (obsolete) To defraud

Translations

See also

  • embezzlement
  • false billing
  • false advertising
  • forgery
  • identity theft
  • predatory lending
  • quackery
  • usury
  • white-collar crime

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

fraud f

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by frau


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃæm/
  • Rhymes: -æm

Etymology 1

Probably a dialectal form of shame.

Adjective

sham

  1. Intended to deceive; false.
  2. counterfeit; unreal
    • 1881, Benjamin Jowett, Thucydides
      They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.
Synonyms
  • mock
  • See also Thesaurus:fake
Antonyms
  • genuine
  • sincere
  • real
Derived terms
  • shammish
Translations

Noun

sham (countable and uncountable, plural shams)

  1. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
  2. Trickery, hoaxing.
  3. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
  4. A decorative cover for a pillow.
Derived terms
  • shamateur
Translations
See also
  • pillow sham

Verb

sham (third-person singular simple present shams, present participle shamming, simple past and past participle shammed)

  1. To deceive, cheat, lie.
  2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
  3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

sham (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Champagne.
    • 1840, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Paris Sketchbook
      So I orders a bottle, as if for myself; and, ‘Ma’am,’ says I, ‘will you take a glass of Sham — just one?’

Further reading

  • sham in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • sham in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • sham at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • AMHS, HMAS, HSAM, Hams, MASH, MHAs, MSHA, Mahs, Mash, SAHM, Sahm, hams, mash

Karakalpak

Etymology

From Arabic شمع

Noun

sham

  1. candle

Uzbek

Etymology

From Arabic شمع

Noun

sham (plural shamlar)

  1. candle

Declension


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