free vs gratis what difference

what is difference between free and gratis

English

Etymology

From Middle English free, fre, freo, from Old English frēo (free), from Proto-West Germanic *frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz (beloved, not in bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *priHós (dear, beloved), from *preyH- (to love, please). Related to friend. Cognate with West Frisian frij (free), Dutch vrij (free), Low German free (free), German frei (free), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian fri (free), Sanskrit प्रिय (priyá).

Germanic and Celtic are the only Indo-European language branches in which the PIE word with the meaning of “dear, beloved” acquired the additional meaning of “free” in the sense of “not in bondage”. This was an extension of the idea of “characteristic of those who are dear and beloved”, in other words friends and tribe members (in contrast to unfree inhabitants from other tribes and prisoners of war, many of which were among the slaves – compare the Latin use of liberi to mean both “free persons” and “children of a family”).

The verb comes from Middle English freen, freoȝen, from Old English frēon, frēoġan (to free; make free), from Proto-West Germanic *frijōn, from Proto-Germanic *frijōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preyH-.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: frē, IPA(key): /fɹiː/, [fɹɪi̯]
  • Rhymes: -iː
  • Homophone: three (with th-fronting)

Adjective

free (comparative freer or free-er or (rare) freeër, superlative freest or free-est or (rare) freeëst)

  1. (social) Unconstrained.
    • 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, scene i:
      Quickly, spirit! / Thou shalt ere long be free.
    Synonyms: unconstrained, unfettered, unhindered
    Antonyms: constrained, restricted
    1. Not imprisoned or enslaved.
      Antonyms: bound, enslaved, imprisoned
    2. Unconstrained by timidity or distrust
      Synonyms: unreserved, frank, communicative
    3. Generous; liberal.
    4. (obsolete) Clear of offence or crime; guiltless; innocent.
    5. Without obligations.
    6. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed.
    7. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; said of a government, institutions, etc.
    8. (software) With no or only freedom-preserving limitations on distribution or modification.
      Synonym: libre
      Antonym: proprietary
    9. (software) Intended for release, as opposed to a checked version.
  2. Obtainable without any payment.
    Synonyms: free of charge, gratis
    1. (by extension, chiefly advertising slang) complimentary
  3. (abstract) Unconstrained.
    1. (mathematics) Unconstrained by relators.
    2. (mathematics, logic) Unconstrained by quantifiers.
      Antonym: bound
    3. (programming) Unconstrained of identifiers, not bound.
      Synonym: unbound
      Antonym: bound
    4. (linguistics) (of a morpheme) That can be used by itself, unattached to another morpheme.
  4. (physical) Unconstrained.
    1. Unobstructed, without blockages.
      Synonyms: clear, unobstructed
      Antonyms: blocked, obstructed
    2. Unattached or uncombined.
      Synonyms: loose, unfastened; see also Thesaurus:loose
    3. Not currently in use; not taken; unoccupied.
    4. (botany, mycology) Not attached; loose.
  5. Without; not containing (what is specified); exempt; clear; liberated.
    Synonym: without
  6. (dated) Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping; spirited.
  7. (dated) Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; followed by of.
  8. (Britain, law, obsolete) Certain or honourable; the opposite of base.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  9. (law) Privileged or individual; the opposite of common.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)

Antonyms

  • unfree

Hyponyms

  • -free

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

free (comparative more free, superlative most free)

  1. Without needing to pay.
    Synonyms: for free, for nothing
  2. (obsolete) Freely; willingly.

Translations

Verb

free (third-person singular simple present frees, present participle freeing, simple past and past participle freed)

  1. (transitive) To make free; set at liberty; release.
  2. (transitive) To rid of something that confines or oppresses.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Night 564:
      Then I walked about, till I found on the further side, a great river of sweet water, running with a strong current; whereupon I called to mind the boat-raft I had made aforetime and said to myself, “Needs must I make another; haply I may free me from this strait. If I escape, I have my desire and I vow to Allah Almighty to forswear travel; and if I perish I shall be at peace and shall rest from toil and moil.”

Derived terms

  • befree

Synonyms

  • befree
  • emancipate
  • let loose
  • liberate
  • manumit
  • release
  • unchain
  • unfetter
  • unshackle

Translations

Noun

free (plural frees)

  1. (Australian rules football, Gaelic football) Abbreviation of free kick.
    • 2006, [1]:
      Whether deserved or not, the free gave Cresswell the chance to cover himself in glory with a shot on goal after the siren.
  2. free transfer
  3. (hurling) The usual means of restarting play after a foul is committed, where the non-offending team restarts from where the foul was committed.
  4. (swimming) the freestyle stroke

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • feer, fere, reef

Galician

Verb

free

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of frear
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of frear

Low German

Alternative forms

  • frie (more common)

Etymology

From Middle Low German vrîe, variant of vrî, from Old Saxon frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *prey (new). Compare Dutch vrij, West Frisian frij, English free, German frei.

Adjective

free (comparative fre’er, superlative freest)

  1. (rather rare) free

Declension

Derived terms

  • Freeheit


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gratis.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹɑː.tɪs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹætɪs/

Adjective

gratis (not comparable)

  1. Free, without charge.
    Synonym: (used in the free software movement to distinguish from libre, “free as in speech”) free as in beer

Translations

Adverb

gratis (not comparable)

  1. Free, without charge.

Related terms

  • gratuity
  • gratuitous

Translations

See also

  • libre

Anagrams

  • striga, trigas

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch gratis, from Latin grātīs, contraction of grātiīs.

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.tis/

Etymology 1

From Latin grātīs.

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, for free
    Synonyms: de franc, gratuïtament

Etymology 2

Verb

gratis

  1. second-person singular present subjunctive form of gratar

Further reading

  • “gratis” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡraːtis/, [ˈɡ̊ʁɑːd̥is]

Adjective

gratis (neuter gratis, plural and definite singular attributive gratis)

  1. gratis, free (obtainable without payment)

Adverb

gratis

  1. gratis, free (without needing to pay)

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin grātīs, contraction of grātiīs.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣraːtɪs/
  • Hyphenation: gra‧tis

Adjective

gratis (not comparable)

  1. free, without charge
    Synonym: kosteloos

Inflection

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: gratis
  • Indonesian: gratis
  • Javanese: ꦒ꧀ꦫꦠꦶꦱ꧀ (gratis)

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge
    Synonym: kosteloos

Esperanto

Verb

gratis

  1. past of grati

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin grātīs.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁa.tis/

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge, gratis

Synonyms

  • gratuitement

Adjective

gratis (invariable)

  1. free; for free, without charge

Synonyms

  • gratuit

Further reading

  • “gratis” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

From Latin gratis

Adjective

gratis m or f singular & plural

  1. free, without charge

Synonyms

  • gratuíto

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge

Synonyms

  • gratuitamente

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡʁaːtɪs/

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge

Synonyms

  • umsonst
  • kostenlos
  • kostenfrei

Further reading

  • “gratis” in Duden online

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch gratis, from Latin grātīs, contraction of grātiīs.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡratɪs]
  • Hyphenation: gra‧tis

Adjective

gratis

  1. free, without charge
    Synonyms: cuma-cuma, percuma

Derived terms

  • gratisan
  • menggratiskan

Further reading

  • “gratis” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Italian

Etymology

From Latin gratis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡra.tis/

Adverb

gratis

  1. gratis, free
    Synonym: gratuitamente

Adjective

gratis (invariable)

  1. free
    Synonym: gratuito

Further reading

  • gratis in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams

  • stragi, striga

Latin

Etymology

Contracted from grātiīs.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡraː.tiːs/, [ˈɡɾäːt̪iːs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈɡra.tis/, [ˈɡrɑːt̪is]

Adverb

grātīs (not comparable)

  1. out of favor or kindness, without recompense or compensation, gratuitously

Synonyms

  • grātuītō

Related terms

Descendants

References

  • gratis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gratis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gratis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gratis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin gratiis

Adjective

gratis (indeclinable)

  1. free (obtainable without payment)

Derived terms

  • gratisavis

References

  • “gratis” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin gratiis

Adjective

gratis (indeclinable)

  1. free (obtainable without payment)

Derived terms

  • gratisavis

References

  • “gratis” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Etymology

From Latin gratis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡra.tis/

Noun

gratis m inan

  1. perquisite, free gift

Declension

Adverb

gratis (not comparable)

  1. gratis, free of charge
    Synonyms: bezpłatnie, darmo, darmowo, gratisowo, nieodpłatnie, za darmo

Derived terms

  • (adjective) gratisowy
  • (adverb) gratisowo

Further reading

  • gratis in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gratis in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Adverb

gratis (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of grátis

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gratis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡra.tis]

Adverb

gratis

  1. free of charge, for free

Adjective

gratis m or f or n (indeclinable)

  1. free of charge, for free

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin grātīs.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾatis/, [ˈɡɾa.t̪is]

Adjective

gratis (invariable)

  1. free, without charge
    Synonym: gratuito

Derived terms

  • de gratis

Adverb

gratis

  1. free, without charge
    Synonym: gratuitamente

Swedish

Pronunciation

Adverb

gratis (not comparable)

  1. free, without charge

Adjective

gratis (not inflected, not comparable)

  1. free, without charge

Anagrams

  • girats, stigar, trasig

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