free vs loose what difference

what is difference between free and loose

English

Etymology

From Middle English free, fre, freo, from Old English frēo (free), from Proto-West Germanic *frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz (beloved, not in bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *priHós (dear, beloved), from *preyH- (to love, please). Related to friend. Cognate with West Frisian frij (free), Dutch vrij (free), Low German free (free), German frei (free), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian fri (free), Sanskrit प्रिय (priyá).

Germanic and Celtic are the only Indo-European language branches in which the PIE word with the meaning of “dear, beloved” acquired the additional meaning of “free” in the sense of “not in bondage”. This was an extension of the idea of “characteristic of those who are dear and beloved”, in other words friends and tribe members (in contrast to unfree inhabitants from other tribes and prisoners of war, many of which were among the slaves – compare the Latin use of liberi to mean both “free persons” and “children of a family”).

The verb comes from Middle English freen, freoȝen, from Old English frēon, frēoġan (to free; make free), from Proto-West Germanic *frijōn, from Proto-Germanic *frijōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preyH-.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: frē, IPA(key): /fɹiː/, [fɹɪi̯]
  • Rhymes: -iː
  • Homophone: three (with th-fronting)

Adjective

free (comparative freer or free-er or (rare) freeër, superlative freest or free-est or (rare) freeëst)

  1. (social) Unconstrained.
    • 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, scene i:
      Quickly, spirit! / Thou shalt ere long be free.
    Synonyms: unconstrained, unfettered, unhindered
    Antonyms: constrained, restricted
    1. Not imprisoned or enslaved.
      Antonyms: bound, enslaved, imprisoned
    2. Unconstrained by timidity or distrust
      Synonyms: unreserved, frank, communicative
    3. Generous; liberal.
    4. (obsolete) Clear of offence or crime; guiltless; innocent.
    5. Without obligations.
    6. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed.
    7. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; said of a government, institutions, etc.
    8. (software) With no or only freedom-preserving limitations on distribution or modification.
      Synonym: libre
      Antonym: proprietary
    9. (software) Intended for release, as opposed to a checked version.
  2. Obtainable without any payment.
    Synonyms: free of charge, gratis
    1. (by extension, chiefly advertising slang) complimentary
  3. (abstract) Unconstrained.
    1. (mathematics) Unconstrained by relators.
    2. (mathematics, logic) Unconstrained by quantifiers.
      Antonym: bound
    3. (programming) Unconstrained of identifiers, not bound.
      Synonym: unbound
      Antonym: bound
    4. (linguistics) (of a morpheme) That can be used by itself, unattached to another morpheme.
  4. (physical) Unconstrained.
    1. Unobstructed, without blockages.
      Synonyms: clear, unobstructed
      Antonyms: blocked, obstructed
    2. Unattached or uncombined.
      Synonyms: loose, unfastened; see also Thesaurus:loose
    3. Not currently in use; not taken; unoccupied.
    4. (botany, mycology) Not attached; loose.
  5. Without; not containing (what is specified); exempt; clear; liberated.
    Synonym: without
  6. (dated) Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping; spirited.
  7. (dated) Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; followed by of.
  8. (Britain, law, obsolete) Certain or honourable; the opposite of base.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  9. (law) Privileged or individual; the opposite of common.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)

Antonyms

  • unfree

Hyponyms

  • -free

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

free (comparative more free, superlative most free)

  1. Without needing to pay.
    Synonyms: for free, for nothing
  2. (obsolete) Freely; willingly.

Translations

Verb

free (third-person singular simple present frees, present participle freeing, simple past and past participle freed)

  1. (transitive) To make free; set at liberty; release.
  2. (transitive) To rid of something that confines or oppresses.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Night 564:
      Then I walked about, till I found on the further side, a great river of sweet water, running with a strong current; whereupon I called to mind the boat-raft I had made aforetime and said to myself, “Needs must I make another; haply I may free me from this strait. If I escape, I have my desire and I vow to Allah Almighty to forswear travel; and if I perish I shall be at peace and shall rest from toil and moil.”

Derived terms

  • befree

Synonyms

  • befree
  • emancipate
  • let loose
  • liberate
  • manumit
  • release
  • unchain
  • unfetter
  • unshackle

Translations

Noun

free (plural frees)

  1. (Australian rules football, Gaelic football) Abbreviation of free kick.
    • 2006, [1]:
      Whether deserved or not, the free gave Cresswell the chance to cover himself in glory with a shot on goal after the siren.
  2. free transfer
  3. (hurling) The usual means of restarting play after a foul is committed, where the non-offending team restarts from where the foul was committed.
  4. (swimming) the freestyle stroke

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • feer, fere, reef

Galician

Verb

free

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of frear
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of frear

Low German

Alternative forms

  • frie (more common)

Etymology

From Middle Low German vrîe, variant of vrî, from Old Saxon frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *prey (new). Compare Dutch vrij, West Frisian frij, English free, German frei.

Adjective

free (comparative fre’er, superlative freest)

  1. (rather rare) free

Declension

Derived terms

  • Freeheit


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English loos, los, lous, from Old Norse lauss, from Proto-Germanic *lausaz, whence also -less, leasing; from Proto-Indo-European *lewH-, *lū- (to untie, set free, separate), whence also lyo-, -lysis, via Ancient Greek.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: lo͞os, IPA(key): /luːs/
  • Rhymes: -uːs

Verb

loose (third-person singular simple present looses, present participle loosing, simple past and past participle loosed)

  1. (transitive) To let loose, to free from restraints.
  2. (transitive) To unfasten, to loosen.
  3. (transitive) To make less tight, to loosen.
  4. (intransitive) Of a grip or hold, to let go.
  5. (archery) To shoot (an arrow).
  6. (obsolete) To set sail.
    • 1611: King James Bible, Acts 13:13
      Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
  7. (obsolete) To solve; to interpret.
    • he had red her riddle, which no wight
      Could ever loose
Synonyms
  • (let loose): free, release
  • (unfasten): loosen, unbind, undo, unfasten, untie
  • (make less tight): loosen, relax, slacken
  • (of grip or hold): let go, release
  • (archery): fire, shoot
Antonyms
  • (let loose): bind, constrain
  • (unfasten): bind, fasten, tie
  • (make less tight): tighten
  • (of grip or hold): tighten
  • (archery): fast

Derived terms

  • loose off
Translations

Adjective

loose (comparative looser, superlative loosest)

  1. Not fixed in place tightly or firmly.
  2. Not held or packaged together.
  3. Not under control.
  4. Not fitting closely
  5. Not compact.
  6. Relaxed.
  7. Not precise or exact; vague; indeterminate.
    • 1858, William Whewell, The history of scientific ideas
      The comparison employed [] must be considered rather as a loose analogy than as an exact scientific explanation.
  8. Indiscreet.
  9. (somewhat dated) Free from moral restraint; immoral, unchaste.
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, I:
      In all these he was much and deeply read; / But not a page of any thing that’s loose, / Or hints continuation of the species, / Was ever suffer’d, lest he should grow vicious.
  10. (not comparable, sports) Not being in the possession of any competing team during a game.
  11. (dated) Not costive; having lax bowels.
  12. (of volumes of materials) Measured loosely stacked or disorganized (such as of firewood).
    Coordinate terms: stacked, solid
Synonyms
  • (not fixed in place tightly or firmly): unfastened, unsecured; see also Thesaurus:loose
  • (not held or packaged together): separate, unpackaged
  • (not bound or tethered or leashed): free, untethered
  • (not fitting closely): baggy; see also Thesaurus:loose-fitting
  • (not compact): diffuse, spaced out; see also Thesaurus:diffuse
  • (relaxed): loose-limbed, relaxed; see also Thesaurus:carefree
  • (indiscreet): indiscreet
  • (promiscuous): polygamous, promiscuous, slutty, tarty, whorish; see also Thesaurus:promiscuous
Antonyms
  • (not fixed in place tightly or firmly): firm, tight; see also Thesaurus:tight
  • (not held or packaged together): packaged
  • (not bound or tethered or leashed): bound, leashed, tethered, tied, tied up
  • (not fitting closely): close-fitting, snug, tight; see also Thesaurus:close-fitting
  • (not compact): compact, firm; see also Thesaurus:compact
  • (relaxed): tense, tensed
  • (indiscreet): discreet
  • (promiscuous): faithful, monogamous
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

loose (plural looses)

  1. (archery) The release of an arrow.
  2. (obsolete) A state of laxity or indulgence; unrestrained freedom, abandonment.
  3. (rugby) All play other than set pieces (scrums and line-outs).
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France [4]
      The defeat will leave manager Martin Johnson under pressure after his gamble of pairing Jonny Wilkinson and Toby Flood at 10 and 12 failed to ignite the England back line, while his forwards were repeatedly second best at the set-piece and in the loose.
  4. Freedom from restraint.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Prior to this entry?)
    • Vent all its griefs, and give a loose to sorrow.
    • The doctor now interposed, and prevented the effects of a wrath which was kindling between Jones and Thwackum; after which the former gave a loose to mirth, sang two or three amorous songs, and fell into every frantic disorder which unbridled joy is apt to inspire []
  5. A letting go; discharge.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
Derived terms
  • give a loose

Interjection

loose

  1. (archery) begin shooting; release your arrows
Antonyms
  • (archery: begin shooting): fast
Translations

Related terms

  • forlorn
  • lyo-, ly-
  • -lysis
  • lysis

Etymology 2

Verb

loose

  1. Misspelling of lose.
    I’m going to loose this game.
Derived terms
  • looser

Anagrams

  • oleos

French

Etymology

Hypercorrectively from English lose or from looseur.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /luz/

Noun

loose f (uncountable)

  1. Great pettiness, shabbiness

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