freelance vs mercenary what difference

what is difference between freelance and mercenary

English

Alternative forms

  • free-lance

Etymology

From free +‎ lance. Coined by Sir Walter Scott (1771–1832) in Ivanhoe (1820) to describe a medieval mercenary warrior or “free-lance” (indicating that the lance is not sworn to any lord’s services). It changed to a figurative noun around the 1860s and was recognized as a verb in 1903 by authorities such as the Oxford English Dictionary. In modern times the term has morphed into an adjective, a verb, and an adverb, as well as the derivative noun freelancer.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɹiːlɑːns/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɹiˌlæns/

Noun

freelance (plural freelances)

  1. Someone who sells their services to clients without a long-term employment contract.
    • 2014, Brian Mossop, Revising and Editing for Translators (page 192)
      The person you are revising (the revisee) is a colleague at your own rank, or another freelance.
  2. (historical) A medieval mercenary.

Synonyms

  • (medieval mercenary): see Thesaurus:mercenary

Derived terms

  • freelancer

Descendants

Translations

Adjective

freelance (comparative more freelance, superlative most freelance)

  1. Of, or relating to a freelance; without employment contract.
    He was a freelance writer for several magazines.

Translations

Verb

freelance (third-person singular simple present freelances, present participle freelancing, simple past and past participle freelanced)

  1. (intransitive) To work as a freelance.
  2. (transitive) To produce or sell services as a freelance.

Translations


Finnish

Etymology

English freelance

Noun

freelance

  1. (rare) Synonym of freelancer (freelancer)
  2. (as modifier) freelance

Declension

Compounds

  • freelancenäyttelijä
  • freelancetoimittaja
  • freelancetyö
  • freelancetyöntekijä

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʁi.lɑ̃s/

Adjective

freelance (plural freelances)

  1. freelance

Noun

freelance m or f (plural freelances)

  1. freelance

Spanish

Adjective

freelance (invariable)

  1. freelance

Noun

freelance m (plural freelances)

  1. freelancer


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin mercēnārius (hired for money), from mercēs (reward, wages, price).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɜː.sə.nə.ɹi/, /ˈmɜː.sən.ɹi/
  • (General American) enPR: mûrʹsə-nĕr’ē, IPA(key): /ˈmɝsəˌnɛɹi/
  • Hyphenation: mer‧ce‧na‧ry

Noun

mercenary (plural mercenaries)

  1. (archaic) One motivated by gain, especially monetary.
  2. A person employed to fight in an armed conflict who is not a member of the state or military group for which they are fighting and whose primary motivation is private gain.
  3. (figuratively) One hired to engage in a figurative battle, as a corporate takeover, a lawsuit, or a political campaign.

Synonyms

  • See Thesaurus:mercenary

Hyponyms

  • condottiere, freelance, gallowglass, Landsknecht, lansquenet, Mamertine, routier, turcopole

Translations

Adjective

mercenary (comparative more mercenary, superlative most mercenary)

  1. Motivated by private gain.

Synonyms

  • (motivated by private gain): greedy, venal
  • (hired for a figurative battle): hired gun

Translations

See also

  • soldier

Further reading

  • mercenary at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • mercenary in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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