freeze vs frost what difference

what is difference between freeze and frost

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹiːz/
  • Rhymes: -iːz
  • Homophones: frees, frieze

Etymology 1

From Middle English fresen, from Old English frēosan (to freeze), from Proto-West Germanic *freusan, from Proto-Germanic *freusaną (to frost, freeze), from Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to frost, freeze).

Cognate with Scots frese (to freeze), West Frisian frieze (to freeze), Dutch vriezen (to freeze), Low German freren, freern, fresen (to freeze), German frieren (to freeze), Norwegian fryse, Swedish frysa (to freeze), Latin pruīna (hoarfrost), Welsh (Northern) rhew (frost, ice), and Sanskrit प्रुष्व (pruṣvá, water drop, frost).

Verb

freeze (third-person singular simple present freezes, present participle freezing, simple past froze, past participle frozen or (now colloquial) froze)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) Especially of a liquid, to become solid due to low temperature.
    • 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Song of Hiawatha, Book XX: The Famine,
      Ever thicker, thicker, thicker / Froze the ice on lake and river,
    • 1913, Willa Cather, O Pioneers!, Winter Memories, I,
      He got to Dawson before the river froze, and now I suppose I won’t hear any more until spring.
    • 1915, Eleanor Stackhouse Atkinson, The How and Why Library: Wonders, Section II: Water,
      Running water does not freeze as easily as still water.
  2. (transitive) To lower something’s temperature to the point that it freezes or becomes hard.
    • 1888, Elias Lönnrot, John Martin Crawford (translator, from German), The Kalevala, Rune XXX: The Frost-fiend,
      Freeze the wizard in his vessel, / Freeze to ice the wicked Ahti, …
  3. (intransitive) To drop to a temperature below zero degrees celsius, where water turns to ice.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To be affected by extreme cold.
  5. (intransitive) (of machines and software) To come to a sudden halt, stop working (functioning).
    Synonym: freeze up
  6. (intransitive) (of people and other animals) To stop (become motionless) or be stopped due to attentiveness, fear, surprise, etc.
    Synonym: freeze up
  7. (transitive) To cause someone to become motionless.
  8. (figuratively) To lose or cause to lose warmth of feeling; to shut out; to ostracize.
    • 1898, Robert Burns, John George Dow (editor), Selections from the poems of Robert Burns, page lviii,
      The other side to this sunny gladness of natural love is his pity for their sufferings when their own mother’s heart seems to freeze towards them.
    • 1988, Edward Holland Spicer, Kathleen M. Sands, Rosamond B. Spicer, People of Pascua, page 37,
      If you cheat them, they don’t say anything but after that they freeze towards you.
  9. To cause loss of animation or life in, from lack of heat; to give the sensation of cold to; to chill.
  10. (transitive) To prevent the movement or liquidation of a person’s financial assets
  11. Of prices, spending etc., to keep at the same level, without any increase.
Synonyms
  • (become solid): solidify
  • (stop functioning): freeze up, grind to a halt, hang, lock up, seize, seize up
  • (cause someone to become motionless): halt, immobilize; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
Antonyms
  • (become solid): defrost, liquify, unfreeze
Hyponyms
  • (become solid): deep-freeze
Derived terms
Related terms
  • frost
Descendants
  • Maltese: ffriża
Translations

Etymology 2

See the above verb.

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. A period of intensely cold weather.
    • 2009, Pietra Rivoli, The Travels of a T-shirt in the Global Economy, 2nd Edition, page 38,
      In order to work properly, the cotton stripper required that the plant be brown and brittle, as happened after a freeze, so that the cotton bolls could snap off easily.
  2. A halt of a regular operation.
    • 1982 October, William Epstein, The freeze: a hot issue at the United Nations, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
      Without a freeze it might be possible to proceed with the production and deployment of such destabilizing systems as the MX, Trident II, cruise missiles and SS-18s, -19s and -20s.
    • 1983 October 3, Ted Kennedy, speech, Truth and Tolerance in America,
      Critics may oppose the nuclear freeze for what they regard as moral reasons.
    • 1985 April 27, Ronald Reagan, Presidential Radio Address,
      Many of our opponents in Congress are advocating a freeze in Federal spending and an increase in taxes.
  3. (computing) The state when either a single computer program, or the whole system ceases to respond to inputs.
  4. (curling) A precise draw weight shot where a delivered stone comes to a stand-still against a stationary stone, making it nearly impossible to knock out.
  5. (business, finance) A block on pay rises or on the hiring of new employees etc.
Synonyms
  • (computer) hang
Translations

Etymology 3

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. Obsolete form of frieze.


English

Alternative forms

  • froste (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English frost, from an unmetathesized variant of Old English forst (frost), from Proto-Germanic *frustaz (frost), from Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to freeze; frost). Cognate with West Frisian froast (frost), Dutch vorst (frost), German Frost (frost), Swedish frost (frost), Icelandic frost (frost), Latin pruīna (hoarfrost, frost, rime, snow). Related to freeze.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɹɒst/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɹɔst/
  • (cotcaught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /fɹɑst/
  • Rhymes: -ɒst, -ɔːst

Noun

frost (countable and uncountable, plural frosts)

  1. A cover of minute ice crystals on objects that are exposed to the air. Frost is formed by the same process as dew, except that the temperature of the frosted object is below freezing.
  2. The cold weather that causes these ice crystals to form.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 47.
      It is more probable, in almost every country of Europe, that there will be frost sometime in January, than that the weather will continue open throughout that whole month;
  3. (figuratively) Coldness or insensibility; severity or rigidity of character.
  4. (obsolete) The act of freezing; the congelation of water or other liquid.
  5. A shade of white, like that of frost.
  6. (slang, dated) A disappointment; a cheat.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

frost (third-person singular simple present frosts, present participle frosting, simple past and past participle frosted)

  1. (transitive) To cover with frost.
  2. (intransitive) To become covered with frost.
  3. (transitive) To coat (something, e.g. a cake) with icing to resemble frost.
  4. (transitive, informal) To anger or annoy.
  5. (transitive) To sharpen (the points of a horse’s shoe) to prevent it from slipping on ice.
  6. (transitive) To bleach individual strands of hair while leaving adjacent strands untouched.

Derived terms

  • frosting

Translations

Anagrams

  • forts, frots

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse frost.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /frɔst/, [fʁ̥ʌsd̥]

Noun

frost c (singular definite frosten, not used in plural form)

  1. frost

Declension

References

  • “frost” in Den Danske Ordbog

Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse frost.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /frɔst/
  • Rhymes: -ɔst

Noun

frost n (genitive singular frosts, nominative plural frost)

  1. frost

Declension

See also

  • kuldi

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • froste, forst

Etymology

From Old English frost, forst, from Proto-Germanic *frustaz, *frustą; akin to Middle Dutch vorst, Middle High German vrost, Middle Low German vrost, and Old Swedish frost.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfrɔst/, /ˈfɔrst/

Noun

frost (plural frostes)

  1. Cold, freezing, or frosty weather; weather that causes frost.
  2. Frost or rime; frozen dew or water droplets.
  3. Hail; precipitation below freezing temperature
  4. (rare, figuratively) Something with a chilling effect.

Derived terms

  • frosty

Descendants

  • English: frost
  • Scots: frost
  • Yola: vrosth, vrast

References

  • “frost, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-10-31.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse frost n.

Noun

frost m (definite singular frosten)

  1. frost

Derived terms

  • frostsikker
  • frostvæske
  • rimfrost

References

  • “frost” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse frost n

Noun

frost m (definite singular frosten)

  1. frost

Derived terms

  • frostsikker
  • frostvæske
  • rimfrost

References

  • “frost” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *frustą, *frustaz, akin to Old English frost, Old Norse frost.

Noun

frost m

  1. frost

Declension

Derived terms

  • gruntfrost

Descendants

  • Middle High German: vrost
    • Cimbrian: bròst
    • German: Frost
    • Luxembourgish: Frascht
    • Vilamovian: fröst

Old Norse

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *frustą, *frustaz, akin to Old English frost, Old High German frost.

Noun

frost n

  1. frost

Descendants

  • Icelandic: frost
  • Faroese: frost, frostur m (masculine is archaic)
  • Norwegian: frost
  • Old Swedish: frost
    • Swedish: frost
  • Danish: frost
  • Westrobothnian: fröyst (also via frööys (verb)), frass-

References

  • frost in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse frost, from Proto-Germanic *frustą, *frustaz.

Pronunciation

Noun

frost c

  1. frost

Declension

Anagrams

  • forst-, forts

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