freeze vs halt what difference

what is difference between freeze and halt

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹiːz/
  • Rhymes: -iːz
  • Homophones: frees, frieze

Etymology 1

From Middle English fresen, from Old English frēosan (to freeze), from Proto-West Germanic *freusan, from Proto-Germanic *freusaną (to frost, freeze), from Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to frost, freeze).

Cognate with Scots frese (to freeze), West Frisian frieze (to freeze), Dutch vriezen (to freeze), Low German freren, freern, fresen (to freeze), German frieren (to freeze), Norwegian fryse, Swedish frysa (to freeze), Latin pruīna (hoarfrost), Welsh (Northern) rhew (frost, ice), and Sanskrit प्रुष्व (pruṣvá, water drop, frost).

Verb

freeze (third-person singular simple present freezes, present participle freezing, simple past froze, past participle frozen or (now colloquial) froze)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) Especially of a liquid, to become solid due to low temperature.
    • 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Song of Hiawatha, Book XX: The Famine,
      Ever thicker, thicker, thicker / Froze the ice on lake and river,
    • 1913, Willa Cather, O Pioneers!, Winter Memories, I,
      He got to Dawson before the river froze, and now I suppose I won’t hear any more until spring.
    • 1915, Eleanor Stackhouse Atkinson, The How and Why Library: Wonders, Section II: Water,
      Running water does not freeze as easily as still water.
  2. (transitive) To lower something’s temperature to the point that it freezes or becomes hard.
    • 1888, Elias Lönnrot, John Martin Crawford (translator, from German), The Kalevala, Rune XXX: The Frost-fiend,
      Freeze the wizard in his vessel, / Freeze to ice the wicked Ahti, …
  3. (intransitive) To drop to a temperature below zero degrees celsius, where water turns to ice.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To be affected by extreme cold.
  5. (intransitive) (of machines and software) To come to a sudden halt, stop working (functioning).
    Synonym: freeze up
  6. (intransitive) (of people and other animals) To stop (become motionless) or be stopped due to attentiveness, fear, surprise, etc.
    Synonym: freeze up
  7. (transitive) To cause someone to become motionless.
  8. (figuratively) To lose or cause to lose warmth of feeling; to shut out; to ostracize.
    • 1898, Robert Burns, John George Dow (editor), Selections from the poems of Robert Burns, page lviii,
      The other side to this sunny gladness of natural love is his pity for their sufferings when their own mother’s heart seems to freeze towards them.
    • 1988, Edward Holland Spicer, Kathleen M. Sands, Rosamond B. Spicer, People of Pascua, page 37,
      If you cheat them, they don’t say anything but after that they freeze towards you.
  9. To cause loss of animation or life in, from lack of heat; to give the sensation of cold to; to chill.
  10. (transitive) To prevent the movement or liquidation of a person’s financial assets
  11. Of prices, spending etc., to keep at the same level, without any increase.
Synonyms
  • (become solid): solidify
  • (stop functioning): freeze up, grind to a halt, hang, lock up, seize, seize up
  • (cause someone to become motionless): halt, immobilize; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
Antonyms
  • (become solid): defrost, liquify, unfreeze
Hyponyms
  • (become solid): deep-freeze
Derived terms
Related terms
  • frost
Descendants
  • Maltese: ffriża
Translations

Etymology 2

See the above verb.

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. A period of intensely cold weather.
    • 2009, Pietra Rivoli, The Travels of a T-shirt in the Global Economy, 2nd Edition, page 38,
      In order to work properly, the cotton stripper required that the plant be brown and brittle, as happened after a freeze, so that the cotton bolls could snap off easily.
  2. A halt of a regular operation.
    • 1982 October, William Epstein, The freeze: a hot issue at the United Nations, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
      Without a freeze it might be possible to proceed with the production and deployment of such destabilizing systems as the MX, Trident II, cruise missiles and SS-18s, -19s and -20s.
    • 1983 October 3, Ted Kennedy, speech, Truth and Tolerance in America,
      Critics may oppose the nuclear freeze for what they regard as moral reasons.
    • 1985 April 27, Ronald Reagan, Presidential Radio Address,
      Many of our opponents in Congress are advocating a freeze in Federal spending and an increase in taxes.
  3. (computing) The state when either a single computer program, or the whole system ceases to respond to inputs.
  4. (curling) A precise draw weight shot where a delivered stone comes to a stand-still against a stationary stone, making it nearly impossible to knock out.
  5. (business, finance) A block on pay rises or on the hiring of new employees etc.
Synonyms
  • (computer) hang
Translations

Etymology 3

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. Obsolete form of frieze.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔːlt/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /hɑlt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːlt

Etymology 1

From Middle English halten, from Old English healtian (to be lame, walk with a limp), from Proto-Germanic *haltōną. English usage in the sense of ‘make a halt’ is from the noun. Cognate with North Frisian halte, Swedish halta.

Verb

halt (third-person singular simple present halts, present participle halting, simple past and past participle halted)

  1. (intransitive) To limp; move with a limping gait.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 4 scene 1
      Do not smile at me that I boast her of,
      For thou shalt find she will outstrip all praise,
      And make it halt behind her.
  2. (intransitive) To stand in doubt whether to proceed, or what to do; hesitate; be uncertain; linger; delay; mammer.
    • #*
      How long halt ye between two opinions?
  3. (intransitive) To be lame, faulty, or defective, as in connection with ideas, or in measure, or in versification.
  4. To waver.
  5. To falter.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French halt, from early modern German halt (stop!), imperative of halten (to hold, to stop). More at hold.

Verb

halt (third-person singular simple present halts, present participle halting, simple past and past participle halted)

  1. (intransitive) To stop marching.
  2. (intransitive) To stop either temporarily or permanently.
    • And it was while all were passionately intent upon the pleasing and snake-like progress of their uncle that a young girl in furs, ascending the stairs two at a time, peeped perfunctorily into the nursery as she passed the hallway—and halted amazed.
  3. (transitive) To bring to a stop.
  4. (transitive) To cause to discontinue.
Synonyms
  • (to stop marching):
  • (to stop): brake, desist, stay; See also Thesaurus:stop
  • (to cause something to stop): freeze, immobilize; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
  • (to cause to discontinue): break off, terminate, shut down, stop; See also Thesaurus:desist
Translations

Noun

halt (plural halts)

  1. A cessation, either temporary or permanent.
  2. (rail transport) A minor railway station (usually unstaffed) in the United Kingdom.
Synonyms
  • (cessation: temporary): hiatus, moratorium, recess; see also Thesaurus:pause
  • (cessation: permanent): close, endpoint, terminus; see also Thesaurus:finish
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English halt, from Old English healt, from Proto-Germanic *haltaz (halt, lame), from Proto-Indo-European *kol-d-, from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to beat, strike, cut, slash). Cognate with Danish halt, Swedish halt.

Adjective

halt (comparative more halt, superlative most halt)

  1. (archaic) Lame, limping.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IX:
      It is better for the to goo halt into lyfe, then with ij. fete to be cast into hell []
    • Bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

Noun

halt (plural halts)

  1. (dated) Lameness; a limp.

Anagrams

  • lath, thal

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German halt. Cognate with German halt (adverb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /halt/

Adverb

halt

  1. so, just, simply
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher, (transcript):
      Chömmer halt e chli früner. Schadet a nüt.

      So we’ll arrive a little earlier. Won’t do any harm.

Danish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective

halt

  1. lame

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /halt/

Etymology 1

From the verb halten (to hold; to stop).

Verb

halt

  1. singular imperative of halten

Interjection

halt!

  1. stop!, wait!
Descendants
  • Dutch: halt
  • Italian: alt
  • Spanish: alto
  • Portuguese: alto
  • Middle French: halt
    • French: halte
      • Dutch: halte
    • English: halt

Etymology 2

From Middle High German halt, pertaining to Old High German halto (soon, fast). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *haldiz, an adverbial comparative like *batiz.

Adverb

halt

  1. (colloquial, modal particle) Indicating that something is generally known, or cannot be changed, or the like; often untranslatable; so, just, simply, indeed
Usage notes
  • The word is originally southern German and is still considered so by some contemporary dictionaries. It has, however, become common throughout the language area during the past decades.
Synonyms
  • eben

See also

  • ja

Hungarian

Etymology

hal (to die) +‎ -t (past-tense and past-participle suffix)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒlt]
  • Hyphenation: halt
  • Rhymes: -ɒlt

Verb

halt

  1. third-person singular indicative past indefinite of hal

Participle

halt

  1. past participle of hal

Declension


Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hal̪ˠt̪ˠ]

Noun

halt m

  1. h-prothesized form of alt

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse haltr, from Proto-Germanic *haltaz.

Pronunciation

  • Homophones: hallt, halvt

Adjective

halt (indefinite singular halt, definite singular and plural halte, comparative haltare, indefinite superlative haltast, definite superlative haltaste)

  1. limp, limping

Verb

halt

  1. imperative of halta and halte

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle

halt (definite singular and plural halte)

  1. past participle of hala and hale

Verb

halt

  1. supine of hala and hale

References

  • “halt” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Etymology

From a conflation of Frankish *hauh, *hōh (high, tall, elevated) and Latin altus (high, raised, profound).

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈhaɫt]

Adjective

halt m (oblique and nominative feminine singular halte)

  1. high; elevated

Adverb

halt

  1. loud; loudly

Derived terms

  • haltement

Descendants

  • Middle French: hault
    • French: haut

Old Norse

Adjective

halt

  1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of haltr

Verb

halt

  1. second-person singular imperative active of halda

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