freeze vs suspend what difference

what is difference between freeze and suspend

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹiːz/
  • Rhymes: -iːz
  • Homophones: frees, frieze

Etymology 1

From Middle English fresen, from Old English frēosan (to freeze), from Proto-West Germanic *freusan, from Proto-Germanic *freusaną (to frost, freeze), from Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to frost, freeze).

Cognate with Scots frese (to freeze), West Frisian frieze (to freeze), Dutch vriezen (to freeze), Low German freren, freern, fresen (to freeze), German frieren (to freeze), Norwegian fryse, Swedish frysa (to freeze), Latin pruīna (hoarfrost), Welsh (Northern) rhew (frost, ice), and Sanskrit प्रुष्व (pruṣvá, water drop, frost).

Verb

freeze (third-person singular simple present freezes, present participle freezing, simple past froze, past participle frozen or (now colloquial) froze)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) Especially of a liquid, to become solid due to low temperature.
    • 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Song of Hiawatha, Book XX: The Famine,
      Ever thicker, thicker, thicker / Froze the ice on lake and river,
    • 1913, Willa Cather, O Pioneers!, Winter Memories, I,
      He got to Dawson before the river froze, and now I suppose I won’t hear any more until spring.
    • 1915, Eleanor Stackhouse Atkinson, The How and Why Library: Wonders, Section II: Water,
      Running water does not freeze as easily as still water.
  2. (transitive) To lower something’s temperature to the point that it freezes or becomes hard.
    • 1888, Elias Lönnrot, John Martin Crawford (translator, from German), The Kalevala, Rune XXX: The Frost-fiend,
      Freeze the wizard in his vessel, / Freeze to ice the wicked Ahti, …
  3. (intransitive) To drop to a temperature below zero degrees celsius, where water turns to ice.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To be affected by extreme cold.
  5. (intransitive) (of machines and software) To come to a sudden halt, stop working (functioning).
    Synonym: freeze up
  6. (intransitive) (of people and other animals) To stop (become motionless) or be stopped due to attentiveness, fear, surprise, etc.
    Synonym: freeze up
  7. (transitive) To cause someone to become motionless.
  8. (figuratively) To lose or cause to lose warmth of feeling; to shut out; to ostracize.
    • 1898, Robert Burns, John George Dow (editor), Selections from the poems of Robert Burns, page lviii,
      The other side to this sunny gladness of natural love is his pity for their sufferings when their own mother’s heart seems to freeze towards them.
    • 1988, Edward Holland Spicer, Kathleen M. Sands, Rosamond B. Spicer, People of Pascua, page 37,
      If you cheat them, they don’t say anything but after that they freeze towards you.
  9. To cause loss of animation or life in, from lack of heat; to give the sensation of cold to; to chill.
  10. (transitive) To prevent the movement or liquidation of a person’s financial assets
  11. Of prices, spending etc., to keep at the same level, without any increase.
Synonyms
  • (become solid): solidify
  • (stop functioning): freeze up, grind to a halt, hang, lock up, seize, seize up
  • (cause someone to become motionless): halt, immobilize; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
Antonyms
  • (become solid): defrost, liquify, unfreeze
Hyponyms
  • (become solid): deep-freeze
Derived terms
Related terms
  • frost
Descendants
  • Maltese: ffriża
Translations

Etymology 2

See the above verb.

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. A period of intensely cold weather.
    • 2009, Pietra Rivoli, The Travels of a T-shirt in the Global Economy, 2nd Edition, page 38,
      In order to work properly, the cotton stripper required that the plant be brown and brittle, as happened after a freeze, so that the cotton bolls could snap off easily.
  2. A halt of a regular operation.
    • 1982 October, William Epstein, The freeze: a hot issue at the United Nations, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
      Without a freeze it might be possible to proceed with the production and deployment of such destabilizing systems as the MX, Trident II, cruise missiles and SS-18s, -19s and -20s.
    • 1983 October 3, Ted Kennedy, speech, Truth and Tolerance in America,
      Critics may oppose the nuclear freeze for what they regard as moral reasons.
    • 1985 April 27, Ronald Reagan, Presidential Radio Address,
      Many of our opponents in Congress are advocating a freeze in Federal spending and an increase in taxes.
  3. (computing) The state when either a single computer program, or the whole system ceases to respond to inputs.
  4. (curling) A precise draw weight shot where a delivered stone comes to a stand-still against a stationary stone, making it nearly impossible to knock out.
  5. (business, finance) A block on pay rises or on the hiring of new employees etc.
Synonyms
  • (computer) hang
Translations

Etymology 3

Noun

freeze (plural freezes)

  1. Obsolete form of frieze.


English

Etymology

From Old French sospendre, from Latin suspendere.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səsˈpɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Verb

suspend (third-person singular simple present suspends, present participle suspending, simple past and past participle suspended)

  1. To halt something temporarily.
    • The guard nor fights nor flies; their fate so near / At once suspends their courage and their fear.
  2. To hold in an undetermined or undecided state.
  3. To discontinue or interrupt a function, task, position, or event.
  4. To hang freely; underhang.
  5. To bring a solid substance, usually in powder form, into suspension in a liquid.
  6. (obsolete) To make to depend.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Advantages of Religion to particular Persons
      God hath all along in the Scripture suspended the promise of eternal life on the condition of obedience and holiness of life.
  7. To debar, or cause to withdraw temporarily, from any privilege, from the execution of an office, from the enjoyment of income, etc.
    • 1633, Robert Sanderson, Reason and Judgement
      Whether good men should be suspended from the exercise of their ministry , and deprived of their livelyhood for ceremonies which are on all hands acknowledged indifferent.
  8. (chemistry) To support in a liquid, as an insoluble powder, by stirring, to facilitate chemical action.
  9. (travel, aviation) To remove the value of an unused coupon from an air ticket, typically so as to allow continuation of the next sectors’ travel.

Antonyms

  • (to halt something temporarily; to discontinue or interrupt a function, task, position, or event): resume

Translations

See also

  • suspension, suspenders

Anagrams

  • send-ups, sends up, sendups, upsends

French

Verb

suspend

  1. third-person singular present indicative of suspendre

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