fresh vs impertinent what difference

what is difference between fresh and impertinent

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɹɛʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English fressh, from Old English fersc (fresh, pure, sweet), from Proto-West Germanic *frisk (fresh), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (fresh), from Proto-Indo-European *preysk- (fresh).

Cognate with Scots fresch (fresh), West Frisian farsk (fresh), Dutch vers (fresh), Walloon frexh (fresh), German frisch (fresh), French frais (fresh), Norwegian and Danish frisk (fresh), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (fresh), Lithuanian prėskas (unflavoured, tasteless, fresh), Russian пре́сный (présnyj, sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless). Doublet of fresco.

Slang sense possibly shortened form of “fresh out the pack”, 1980s routine by Grand Wizzard Theodore.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Newly produced or obtained; recent.
  2. (of food) Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.
    Antonym: stale
  3. (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
  4. Invigoratingly cool and refreshing.
    Synonym: cool
  5. (of water) Without salt; not saline.
    Antonym: saline
    • a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
    • 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
    • 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 1557:
  6. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
    Synonym: rested
    Antonym: tired
    • Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
  7. In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
  8. Youthful; florid.
  9. (slang) Good, fashionable.
    Synonyms: cool, fashionable
  10. (archaic, slang) Tipsy; drunk.
    • 1840, Parliamentary Papers (volume 9, page 43)
      How long did Mr. Crisp stay with you?—He might have stayed two hours; he stayed some time after; he drank ale and got fresh.
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

fresh (not comparable)

  1. recently; just recently; most recently
    We are fresh out of milk.

Noun

fresh (plural freshes)

  1. A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:
      They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah’s fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
  2. A stream or spring of fresh water.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene ii[4]:
      [] And take his bottle from him. / When that’s gone, / He shall drink naught but brine, for I’ll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.
  3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.

Verb

fresh (third-person singular simple present freshes, present participle freshing, simple past and past participle freshed)

  1. (commercial fishing) To pack (fish) loosely on ice.
  2. To flood or dilute an area of salt water with flowing fresh water.
  3. (of wind) To become stronger.
  4. To rebore the barrel of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. To update.
  6. To freshen up.
  7. To renew.
  8. (of a dairy cow) to give birth to a calf.

References

Etymology 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (impudent, cheeky, insolent), from Middle High German vrech (bold, brave, lively), from Old High German freh (greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash). Cognate with Old English frec (greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous) and Danish fræk (naughty). More at freak.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
  2. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:cheeky
Derived terms
Translations

Anagrams

  • Fehrs


English

Etymology

From Old French impertinent.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪm.ˈpɜː.tɪ.nənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪm.ˈpɝ.tɨ.nənt/

Adjective

impertinent (comparative more impertinent, superlative most impertinent)

  1. insolent, ill-mannered.
  2. irrelevant, useless.
    • 1663, John Tillotson, The Wisdom of being Religious
      Curious speculations, and the contemplation of things that are impertinent to us, and do not concern us, nor serve to promote our happiness, are but a more specious and ingenious sort of idleness
    • 1650, Jeremy Taylor, The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living
      How impertinent that grief was which served no end!
    Antonyms: pertinent, relevant

Usage notes

  • Although definition 2 was the original meaning (derived from the French), the meaning gradually changed to definition 1. More recently, general usage has come to once again incorporate definition 2, though older speakers may consider definition 2 incorrect. The construction “not pertinent” is one possible alternative.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:cheeky

Translations

Noun

impertinent (plural impertinents)

  1. An impertinent individual.
    • 1809-1812, Maria Edgeworth, “Manoeuvring”, in Tales of Fashionable Life
      comfortably recessed from curious impertinents

Dutch

Pronunciation

Adjective

impertinent (comparative impertinenter, superlative impertinentst)

  1. insolent, ill-mannered

Inflection


French

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Late Latin impertinens. Morphologically, from in- +‎ pertinent.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛ̃.pɛʁ.ti.nɑ̃/

Adjective

impertinent (feminine singular impertinente, masculine plural impertinents, feminine plural impertinentes)

  1. insolent, ill-mannered

Further reading

  • “impertinent” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

impertinent (comparative impertinenter, superlative am impertinentesten)

  1. insolent, ill-mannered

Declension

Related terms

  • Impertinenz

Further reading

  • “impertinent” in Duden online

Romanian

Etymology

From French impertinent, from Latin impertinens.

Adjective

impertinent m or n (feminine singular impertinentă, masculine plural impertinenți, feminine and neuter plural impertinente)

  1. impertinent

Declension


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