fresh vs refreshful what difference

what is difference between fresh and refreshful



  • IPA(key): /fɹɛʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English fressh, from Old English fersc (fresh, pure, sweet), from Proto-West Germanic *frisk (fresh), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (fresh), from Proto-Indo-European *preysk- (fresh).

Cognate with Scots fresch (fresh), West Frisian farsk (fresh), Dutch vers (fresh), Walloon frexh (fresh), German frisch (fresh), French frais (fresh), Norwegian and Danish frisk (fresh), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (fresh), Lithuanian prėskas (unflavoured, tasteless, fresh), Russian пре́сный (présnyj, sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless). Doublet of fresco.

Slang sense possibly shortened form of “fresh out the pack”, 1980s routine by Grand Wizzard Theodore.


fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Newly produced or obtained; recent.
  2. (of food) Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.
    Antonym: stale
  3. (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
  4. Invigoratingly cool and refreshing.
    Synonym: cool
  5. (of water) Without salt; not saline.
    Antonym: saline
    • a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
    • 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
    • 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 1557:
  6. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
    Synonym: rested
    Antonym: tired
    • Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
  7. In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
  8. Youthful; florid.
  9. (slang) Good, fashionable.
    Synonyms: cool, fashionable
  10. (archaic, slang) Tipsy; drunk.
    • 1840, Parliamentary Papers (volume 9, page 43)
      How long did Mr. Crisp stay with you?—He might have stayed two hours; he stayed some time after; he drank ale and got fresh.
Derived terms


fresh (not comparable)

  1. recently; just recently; most recently
    We are fresh out of milk.


fresh (plural freshes)

  1. A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:
      They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah’s fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
  2. A stream or spring of fresh water.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene ii[4]:
      [] And take his bottle from him. / When that’s gone, / He shall drink naught but brine, for I’ll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.
  3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.


fresh (third-person singular simple present freshes, present participle freshing, simple past and past participle freshed)

  1. (commercial fishing) To pack (fish) loosely on ice.
  2. To flood or dilute an area of salt water with flowing fresh water.
  3. (of wind) To become stronger.
  4. To rebore the barrel of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. To update.
  6. To freshen up.
  7. To renew.
  8. (of a dairy cow) to give birth to a calf.


Etymology 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (impudent, cheeky, insolent), from Middle High German vrech (bold, brave, lively), from Old High German freh (greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash). Cognate with Old English frec (greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous) and Danish fræk (naughty). More at freak.


fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
  2. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
  • See also Thesaurus:cheeky
Derived terms


  • Fehrs



refresh +‎ -ful


refreshful (comparative more refreshful, superlative most refreshful)

  1. Full of power to refresh; refreshing.

Related terms

  • refreshfully


  • reshuffler

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