fresh vs sweet what difference

what is difference between fresh and sweet

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɹɛʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English fressh, from Old English fersc (fresh, pure, sweet), from Proto-West Germanic *frisk (fresh), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (fresh), from Proto-Indo-European *preysk- (fresh).

Cognate with Scots fresch (fresh), West Frisian farsk (fresh), Dutch vers (fresh), Walloon frexh (fresh), German frisch (fresh), French frais (fresh), Norwegian and Danish frisk (fresh), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (fresh), Lithuanian prėskas (unflavoured, tasteless, fresh), Russian пре́сный (présnyj, sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless). Doublet of fresco.

Slang sense possibly shortened form of “fresh out the pack”, 1980s routine by Grand Wizzard Theodore.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Newly produced or obtained; recent.
  2. (of food) Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.
    Antonym: stale
  3. (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
  4. Invigoratingly cool and refreshing.
    Synonym: cool
  5. (of water) Without salt; not saline.
    Antonym: saline
    • a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
    • 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
    • 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 1557:
  6. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
    Synonym: rested
    Antonym: tired
    • Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
  7. In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
  8. Youthful; florid.
  9. (slang) Good, fashionable.
    Synonyms: cool, fashionable
  10. (archaic, slang) Tipsy; drunk.
    • 1840, Parliamentary Papers (volume 9, page 43)
      How long did Mr. Crisp stay with you?—He might have stayed two hours; he stayed some time after; he drank ale and got fresh.
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

fresh (not comparable)

  1. recently; just recently; most recently
    We are fresh out of milk.

Noun

fresh (plural freshes)

  1. A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:
      They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah’s fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
  2. A stream or spring of fresh water.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene ii[4]:
      [] And take his bottle from him. / When that’s gone, / He shall drink naught but brine, for I’ll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.
  3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.

Verb

fresh (third-person singular simple present freshes, present participle freshing, simple past and past participle freshed)

  1. (commercial fishing) To pack (fish) loosely on ice.
  2. To flood or dilute an area of salt water with flowing fresh water.
  3. (of wind) To become stronger.
  4. To rebore the barrel of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. To update.
  6. To freshen up.
  7. To renew.
  8. (of a dairy cow) to give birth to a calf.

References

Etymology 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (impudent, cheeky, insolent), from Middle High German vrech (bold, brave, lively), from Old High German freh (greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash). Cognate with Old English frec (greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous) and Danish fræk (naughty). More at freak.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
  2. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:cheeky
Derived terms
Translations

Anagrams

  • Fehrs


English

Etymology

From Middle English sweete, swete, from Old English swēte (sweet), from Proto-West Germanic *swōtī, from Proto-Germanic *swōtuz (sweet), from Proto-Indo-European *swéh₂dus (sweet).

Cognate and synonymous with Scots sweit, North Frisian sweete, West Frisian swiet, Low German sööt, Dutch zoet, German süß, Danish sød, Swedish söt, Norwegian søt, Latin suāvis, Sanskrit स्वादु (svādú), Ancient Greek ἡδύς (hēdús). Doublet of suave.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /swiːt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /swit/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /swiːt/
  • Rhymes: -iːt
  • Homophone: suite

Adjective

sweet (comparative sweeter, superlative sweetest)

  1. Having a pleasant taste, especially one relating to the basic taste sensation induced by sugar.
  2. Having a taste of sugar.
    • 2018 May 16, Adam Rogers, Wired, “The Fundamental Nihilism of Yanny vs. Laurel”:
      A few types of molecules get sensed by receptors on the tongue. Protons coming off of acids ping receptors for “sour.” Sugars get received as “sweet.” Bitter, salty, and the proteinaceous flavor umami all set off their own neural cascades.
  3. (wine) Retaining a portion of sugar.
  4. Not having a salty taste.
  5. Having a pleasant smell.
    • 1838, Longfellow, “Voices of the Night: The Reaper and the Flowers”:
      The breath of these flowers is sweet to me.
  6. Not decaying, fermented, rancid, sour, spoiled, or stale.
  7. Having a pleasant sound.
    • 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne, A Scarlet Letter, Ticknor and Fields, page 135:
      a voice sweet, tremulous, but powerful
  8. Having a pleasing disposition.
  9. Having a helpful disposition.
  10. (mineralogy) Free from excessive unwanted substances like acid or sulphur.
  11. (informal) Very pleasing; agreeable.
    • 14 November 2014, Steven Haliday, Scotland 1-0 Republic of Ireland: Maloney the hero
      GORDON Strachan enjoyed the sweetest of his 16 matches in charge of Scotland so far as his team enhanced their prospects of Euro 2016 qualification with a crucial and deserved victory over Republic of Ireland.
  12. (slang) Doing well; in a good or happy position.
  13. (informal, followed by on) Romantically fixated, enamoured with, fond of
    The attraction was mutual and instant; they were sweet on one another from first sight.
  14. (obsolete) Fresh; not salt or brackish.
    • 1627, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum: or A Natural History, in The Works of Francis Bacon (1826), page 66
      The white of an egg, or blood mingled with salt water, doth gather the saltness and maketh the water sweeter; this may be by adhesion.
  15. Pleasing to the eye; beautiful; mild and attractive; fair.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise lost (source), Samuel Simmons, page 278:
      Sweet interchange / Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains.

Synonyms

  • (having a taste of sugar): saccharine, sugary
  • (containing a sweetening ingredient): sugared, sweetened
  • (not having a salty taste): fresh, unsalty
  • (having a pleasant smell): fragrant, odoriferous, odorous, perfumed, scented, sweet-scented, sweet-smelling
  • (not decaying, fermented, rancid, sour, spoiled, or stale): fresh, unfermented, wholesome
  • (having a pleasant sound): dulcet, honeyed, mellifluous, mellisonant
  • (having a pleasing disposition): cute, lovable, pleasant
  • (having a helpful disposition): kind, gracious, helpful, sensitive, thoughtful
  • ((informal) very pleasing): rad, awesome, wicked

Antonyms

  • (having a pleasant taste): bitter, sour, salty
  • (containing a sweetening ingredient): nonsweet, sugarless, unsugared, unsweetened, unsweet
  • (of wines: retaining a portion of natural sugar): dry
  • (not decaying, fermented, rancid, sour, spoiled, or stale): decaying, fermented, rancid, sour, spoiled, stale
  • (not having a salty taste): salty, savoury
  • (free from excessive unwanted substances): sour
  • ((informal) very pleasing): lame, uncool

Derived terms

Translations

See sweet/translations § Adjective.

Interjection

sweet

  1. Used as a positive response to good news or information.
    They’re making a sequel? Ah, sweet!

Adverb

sweet (comparative more sweet, superlative most sweet)

  1. In a sweet manner.
    • 1598, Shakespeare, Love’s Labour Lost, Act 1 Scene 1:
      “and, sweet my child, let them be men of good repute and carriage.”

      (and, my child, allow them sweetly to be men with good reputations and conduct)

Synonyms

  • (in a sweet manner): sweetly

Translations

Noun

sweet (countable and uncountable, plural sweets)

  1. (uncountable) The basic taste sensation induced by sugar.
  2. (countable, Britain) A confection made from sugar, or high in sugar content; a candy.
  3. (countable, Britain) A food eaten for dessert.
    Can we see the sweet menu, please?
  4. Sweetheart; darling.
    • Wherefore frowns my sweet?
  5. (obsolete) That which is sweet or pleasant in odour; a perfume.
  6. (obsolete) Sweetness, delight; something pleasant to the mind or senses.
    • 1613, John Marston, William Barksted, The Insatiate Countess, III.2:
      Fear’s fire to fervency, which makes love’s sweet prove nectar.

Synonyms

  • (sweet taste sensation): See sweetness
  • (food that is high in sugar content): bonbon, candy (US), confection, confectionery, lolly (Australia)
  • (food eaten for dessert): See dessert

Derived terms

  • spoon sweet
  • sweet shop / sweetshop

Translations

Verb

sweet (third-person singular simple present sweets, present participle sweeting, simple past and past participle sweeted)

  1. (obsolete or poetic) To sweeten.

Anagrams

  • Tewes, weest, weets

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /svɪə̯t/

Etymology 1

From Dutch zweet, from Middle Dutch sweet, from Old Dutch *sweit, *swēt, from Proto-Germanic *swait-, from Proto-Indo-European *sweyd-.

Noun

sweet (uncountable)

  1. sweat

Etymology 2

From Dutch zweten, from Middle Dutch swêten.

Verb

sweet (present sweet, present participle swetende, past participle gesweet)

  1. to sweat

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *swēt, from Proto-Germanic *swait-.

Noun

swêet n

  1. sweat, perspiration

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms

  • sweit

Derived terms

  • swêten

Descendants

  • Dutch: zweet
  • Limburgish: zweit

Further reading

  • “sweet”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “sweet”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

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