fresh vs tonic what difference

what is difference between fresh and tonic

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɹɛʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English fressh, from Old English fersc (fresh, pure, sweet), from Proto-West Germanic *frisk (fresh), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (fresh), from Proto-Indo-European *preysk- (fresh).

Cognate with Scots fresch (fresh), West Frisian farsk (fresh), Dutch vers (fresh), Walloon frexh (fresh), German frisch (fresh), French frais (fresh), Norwegian and Danish frisk (fresh), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (fresh), Lithuanian prėskas (unflavoured, tasteless, fresh), Russian пре́сный (présnyj, sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless). Doublet of fresco.

Slang sense possibly shortened form of “fresh out the pack”, 1980s routine by Grand Wizzard Theodore.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Newly produced or obtained; recent.
  2. (of food) Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.
    Antonym: stale
  3. (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
  4. Invigoratingly cool and refreshing.
    Synonym: cool
  5. (of water) Without salt; not saline.
    Antonym: saline
    • a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
    • 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
    • 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 1557:
  6. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
    Synonym: rested
    Antonym: tired
    • Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
  7. In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
  8. Youthful; florid.
  9. (slang) Good, fashionable.
    Synonyms: cool, fashionable
  10. (archaic, slang) Tipsy; drunk.
    • 1840, Parliamentary Papers (volume 9, page 43)
      How long did Mr. Crisp stay with you?—He might have stayed two hours; he stayed some time after; he drank ale and got fresh.
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

fresh (not comparable)

  1. recently; just recently; most recently
    We are fresh out of milk.

Noun

fresh (plural freshes)

  1. A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:
      They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah’s fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
  2. A stream or spring of fresh water.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene ii[4]:
      [] And take his bottle from him. / When that’s gone, / He shall drink naught but brine, for I’ll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.
  3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.

Verb

fresh (third-person singular simple present freshes, present participle freshing, simple past and past participle freshed)

  1. (commercial fishing) To pack (fish) loosely on ice.
  2. To flood or dilute an area of salt water with flowing fresh water.
  3. (of wind) To become stronger.
  4. To rebore the barrel of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. To update.
  6. To freshen up.
  7. To renew.
  8. (of a dairy cow) to give birth to a calf.

References

Etymology 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (impudent, cheeky, insolent), from Middle High German vrech (bold, brave, lively), from Old High German freh (greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash). Cognate with Old English frec (greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous) and Danish fræk (naughty). More at freak.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
  2. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:cheeky
Derived terms
Translations

Anagrams

  • Fehrs


English

Alternative forms

  • tonick (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɒnɪk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒnɪk

Etymology 1

From Ancient Greek τονικός (tonikós), from τόνος (tónos). 17th century writers believed health to be derived from firmly stretched muscles, thus tonic; the extension of tonic medicine appeared in the late 18th century. Surface analysis as classical compound: tone +‎ -ic.

Adjective

tonic (comparative more tonic, superlative most tonic)

  1. (physics, pathology) Pertaining to tension, especially of muscles.
    • 2009, Thomas Pynchon, Inherent Vice, Vintage 2010, p. 316:
      Out in front and across the street, Doc noted half a dozen or so young men, not loitering or doing substances but poised and tonic, as if waiting for some standing order to take effect.
  2. Restorative, curative or invigorating.
    The arrival of the new members had a tonic effect on the team.

Translations

Noun

tonic (plural tonics)

  1. A substance with medicinal properties intended to restore or invigorate.
    We used to brew a tonic from a particular kind of root.
  2. Tonic water.
  3. (US, Massachusetts) Any of various carbonated, non-alcoholic beverages; soda pop.
  4. (figuratively) Someone or something that revitalises or reinvigorates.
    • 2011, Cathy Kelly, She’s the One
      ‘You’re a tonic, Dee,’ she said. ‘And a real friend. Thanks.’
Translations

Etymology 2

From tone +‎ -ic.

Adjective

tonic (not comparable)

  1. (music) Pertaining to or based upon the first note of a diatonic scale.
  2. Pertaining to the accent or stress in a word or in speech.
  3. Of or relating to tones or sounds; specifically (phonetics, dated) being or relating to a speech sound made with tone unmixed and undimmed by obstruction, i.e. a vowel or diphthong.

Noun

tonic (plural tonics)

  1. (music) The first note of a diatonic scale; the keynote.
  2. (music) The triad built on the tonic note.
  3. (phonetics) A tonic element or letter; a vowel or a diphthong.

Related terms

  • tonal center

Translations

Anagrams

  • ontic

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English tonic, from tonic water

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔ.nik/
  • Homophones: tonics, tonique, toniques

Noun

tonic m (plural tonics)

  1. drink made up mainly of cinchona
  2. tonic water

Further reading

  • “tonic” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Romanian

Etymology

From French tonique.

Noun

tonic n (plural tonici)

  1. tonic

Declension


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