fricative vs spirant what difference

what is difference between fricative and spirant

English

Etymology

New Latin fricativus, from Classical Latin fricāre, present active infinitive of fricō (I rub).

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: frĭk’ətĭv, IPA(key): /ˈfɹɪkətɪv/

Noun

fricative (plural fricatives)

  1. (phonetics) Any of several sounds produced by air flowing through a constriction in the oral cavity and typically producing a sibilant, hissing, or buzzing quality; a fricative consonant.
    Synonym: (archaic) spirant
    Hyponyms: strident, sibilant
    Coordinate terms: approximant, lateral, nasal, trill, plosive
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      Watt listened for a time, for the voice was far from unmelodious. The fricatives in particular were pleasing.

Derived terms

  • dental fricative
  • groove fricative
  • lateral fricative
  • slit fricative

Translations

Adjective

fricative (comparative more fricative, superlative most fricative)

  1. (phonetics) produced by air flowing through a restriction in the oral cavity.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • friction

Translations

See also

  • affricate
  • approximant
  • lateral
  • nasal
  • plosive
  • sibilant

Further reading

  • Fricative consonant on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʁi.ka.tiv/

Noun

fricative f (plural fricatives)

  1. (phonetics) fricative

Adjective

fricative

  1. feminine singular of fricatif

Further reading

  • “fricative” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Adjective

fricative

  1. feminine plural of fricativo

Noun

fricative f pl

  1. plural of fricativa

Anagrams

  • vetrifica


English

Etymology

From Latin spirans, present participle of spīrō (I blow). Compare inspire, expire, respiration, etc.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈspaɪəɹənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈspaɪɹənt/

Noun

spirant (plural spirants)

  1. (linguistics, dated) A fricative.

Synonyms

  • fricative

Translations

Anagrams

  • Partins, Pintars, intraps, priants, spraint

Latin

Verb

spīrant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of spīrō

Romanian

Etymology

From French spirante.

Adjective

spirant m or n (feminine singular spirantă, masculine plural spiranți, feminine and neuter plural spirante)

  1. fricative consonant

Declension


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