fringe vs periphery what difference

what is difference between fringe and periphery

English

Etymology

From Middle English frenge, from Old French frenge, from Vulgar Latin *frimbia, metathesis of Latin fimbriae (fibers, threads, fringe, plural). (Cognates include German Franse and Danish frynse.) Doublet of fimbria.

Pronunciation

  • (General American, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɹɪndʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪndʒ

Noun

fringe (plural fringes)

  1. A decorative border.
    the fringe of a picture
  2. A marginal or peripheral part.
    • 1673, Jeremy Taylor, Heniaytos: A Course of Sermons for All the Sundays of the Year []
      the confines of grace and the fringes of repentance
  3. Those members of a political party, or any social group, holding unorthodox views.
  4. The periphery of a town or city (or other area).
  5. (Britain) Synonym of bangs: hair hanging over the forehead, especially a hairstyle where it is cut straight across.
    Her fringe is so long it covers her eyes.
    • 1915, W. Somerset Maugham, Of Human Bondage
      In a few minutes Mrs. Athelny appeared. She had taken her hair out of the curling pins and now wore an elaborate fringe.
    • “No.” Astrid′s tone dismissed Sophie and the fringe as she galloped off to a new topic.
    • 2009, Geraldine Biddle-Perry, Sarah Cheang, Hair: Styling, Culture and Fashion, page 231,
      Set against the seductive visual and textual imagery of these soft-focus fantasy worlds, the stock list details offer the reader a very real solution to achieving the look themselves, ‘Hair, including coloured fringes (obtainable from Joseph, £3.50) by Paul Nix’ (Baker 1972a: 68).
  6. (physics) A light or dark band formed by the diffraction of light.
    interference fringe
  7. Non-mainstream theatre.
    The Fringe; Edinburgh Fringe; Adelaide Fringe
  8. (botany) The peristome or fringe-like appendage of the capsules of most mosses.
  9. (golf) The area around the green
  10. (Australia) Used attributively with reference to Aboriginal people living on the edge of towns etc.
    • 2006, Alexis Wright, Carpentaria, Giramondo 2012, p. 20:
      All the fringe people thought it was such a good house, ingenious in fact, and erected similar makeshift housing for themselves.
  11. (television, radio) A daypart that precedes or follows prime time.

Synonyms

  • (members of a political party, or any social group, holding unorthodox views): fringe group
  • (periphery of a town or city): outskirts

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

fringe (not comparable)

  1. Outside the mainstream.

Synonyms

  • alternative
  • nonmainstream

Translations

Verb

fringe (third-person singular simple present fringes, present participle fringing, simple past and past participle fringed)

  1. (transitive) To decorate with fringe.
  2. (transitive) To serve as a fringe.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Finger, finger


English

Etymology

From Middle English periferie, from Old French peripherie, from Late Latin peripheria, from Ancient Greek περιφέρεια (periphéreia, the line around the circle, circumference, part of a circle, an arc, the outer surface), from περιφερής (peripherḗs, moving around, round, circular), from περιφέρω (periphérō, I carry around, move around), from περί (perí, around, about, near) (English peri-) + φέρω (phérō, I bear, carry).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pəˈɹɪfəɹi/
  • Hyphenation US: pe‧riph‧ery; UK: per‧iph‧ery

Noun

periphery (plural peripheries)

  1. The outside boundary, parts or surface of something.
    The suburbs are a city’s periphery.
  2. A first-rank administrative division of Greece, subdivided in provinces.

Antonyms

  • center

Related terms

  • peripherad
  • peripheral

Translations

Further reading

  • periphery in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • periphery in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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