full vs good what difference

what is difference between full and good

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fo͝ol, IPA(key): /fʊl/, [fʊɫ]
  • Rhymes: -ʊl

Etymology 1

From Middle English ful, from Old English full (full), from Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz (full), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full).

Germanic cognates include West Frisian fol, Low German vull, Dutch vol, German voll, Danish fuld, and Norwegian and Swedish full (the latter three via Old Norse). Proto-Indo-European cognates include English plenty (via Latin, compare plēnus), Welsh llawn, Russian по́лный (pólnyj), Lithuanian pilnas, Persian پر(por), Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa). See also fele.

Adjective

full (comparative fuller, superlative fullest)

  1. Containing the maximum possible amount that can fit in the space available.
  2. Complete; with nothing omitted.
  3. Total, entire.
  4. (informal) Having eaten to satisfaction, having a “full” stomach; replete.
  5. (informal, with of) Replete, abounding with.
  6. (of physical features) Plump, round.
  7. Of a garment, of a size that is ample, wide, or having ample folds or pleats to be comfortable.
  8. Having depth and body; rich.
    a full singing voice
  9. (obsolete) Having the mind filled with ideas; stocked with knowledge; stored with information.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Studies
      Reading maketh a full man.
  10. Having the attention, thoughts, etc., absorbed in any matter, and the feelings more or less excited by it.
    She’s full of her latest project.
    • Everyone is now full of the miracles done by cold baths on decayed and weak constitutions.
  11. Filled with emotions.
    • 1848, James Russell Lowell, The Vision of Sir Launfal
      The heart is so full that a drop overfills it.
  12. (obsolete) Impregnated; made pregnant.
    • Ilia, the fair, [] full of Mars.
  13. (poker, postnominal) Said of the three cards of the same rank in a full house.
    Nines full of aces = three nines and two aces (999AA).
    I’ll beat him with my kings full! = three kings and two unspecified cards of the same rank.
  14. (chiefly Australia) Drunk, intoxicated.
    • 1925, United States House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee No. 1, Charges Against William E. Baker, U.S. District Judge:
      Mr. Coniff: That is the only evidence you gave of his being intoxicated, that his hat was on the side? [] Mr. Coniff: That is the only indication you gave the committee when you were asked if the judge was full, that his hat was on the side of his head; is that right?
Synonyms
  • (containing the maximum possible amount): abounding, brimful, bursting, chock-a-block, chock-full, full up, full to bursting, full to overflowing, jam full, jammed, jam-packed, laden, loaded, overflowing, packed, rammed, stuffed
  • (complete): complete, thorough
  • (total): entire, total
  • (satisfied, in relation to eating): glutted, gorged, sated, satiate, satiated, satisfied, stuffed
  • (of a garment): baggy, big, large, loose, outsized, oversized, voluminous
  • (drunk): See Thesaurus:drunk
Antonyms
  • (containing the maximum possible amount): empty
  • (complete): incomplete
  • (total): partial
  • (satisfied, in relation to eating): empty, hungry, starving
  • (of a garment): close-fitting, small, tight, tight-fitting
Derived terms
Related terms
Descendants
  • Gulf Arabic: فُل(ful)
Translations
  • Sundanese: wareg

Adverb

full (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) Fully; quite; very; thoroughly; completely; exactly; entirely.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[1]:
      Prospero:
      I have done nothing but in care of thee,
      Of thee, my dear one, thee, my daughter, who
      Art ignorant of what thou art; naught knowing
      Of whence I am, nor that I am more better
      Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,
      And thy no greater father.
    • [] full in the centre of the sacred wood
    • 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act IV, Scene I, verse 112
      You know full well what makes me look so pale.
    • 1880, Dante Gabriel Rosetti, William Blake, lines 9-12
      This cupboard [] / this other one, / His true wife’s charge, full oft to their abode / Yielded for daily bread the martyr’s stone,
    • 1874, James Thomson, The City of Dreadful Night, IX
      It is full strange to him who hears and feels, / When wandering there in some deserted street, / The booming and the jar of ponderous wheels, []
Derived terms
  • full-grown
  • full well

Etymology 2

From Middle English fulle, fylle, fille, from Old English fyllu, fyllo (fullness, fill, plenty), from Proto-Germanic *fullį̄, *fulnō (fullness, filling, overflow), from Proto-Indo-European *plūno-, *plno- (full), from *pelh₁-, *pleh₁- (to fill; full). Cognate with German Fülle (fullness, fill), Icelandic fylli (fulness, fill). More at fill.

Noun

full (plural fulls)

  1. Utmost measure or extent; highest state or degree; the state, position, or moment of fullness; fill.
    • Sicilian tortures and the brazen bull, / Are emblems, rather than express the full / Of what he feels.
    I was fed to the full.
    • 1911, Berthold Auerbach, Bayard Taylor, The villa on the Rhine:
      [] he had tasted their food, and found it so palatable that he had eaten his full before he knew it.
  2. (of the moon) The phase of the moon when its entire face is illuminated, full moon.
    • a. 1622, Francis Bacon, Natural History, in The works of Francis Bacon, 1765, page 322
      It is like, that the brain of man waxeth moister and fuller upon the full of the moon: […]
    • a. 1656, Joseph Hall, Josiah Pratt (editor), Works, Volume VII: Practical Works, Revised edition, 1808 page 219,
      This earthly moon, the Church, hath her fulls and wanings, and sometimes her eclipses, while the shadow of this sinful mass hides her beauty from the world.
  3. (freestyle skiing) An aerialist maneuver consisting of a backflip in conjunction and simultaneous with a complete twist.
Derived terms

(freestyle skiing):

Translations

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. (of the moon) To become full or wholly illuminated.
    • 1888 September 20, “The Harvest Moon,” New York Times (retrieved 10 April 2013):
      The September moon fulls on the 20th at 24 minutes past midnight, and is called the harvest moon.
    • 1905, Annie Fellows Johnston, The Little Colonel’s Christmas Vacation, ch. 4:
      “By the black cave of Atropos, when the moon fulls, keep thy tryst!”
    • 1918, Kate Douglas Wiggin, The Story Of Waitstill Baxter, ch. 29:
      “The moon fulls to-night, don’t it?”

Etymology 3

From Middle English fullen, fulwen, from Old English fullian, fulwian (to baptise), from Proto-Germanic *fullawīhōną (to fully consecrate), from *fulla- (full-) + *wīhōną (to hallow, consecrate, make holy). Compare Old English fulluht, fulwiht (baptism).

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. (transitive) To baptise.
Derived terms
  • fulling
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English [Term?], from Old French fuller, fouler (to tread, to stamp, to full), from Medieval Latin fullare, from Latin fullo (a fuller).

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. To make cloth denser and firmer by soaking, beating and pressing, to waulk, walk
Synonyms
  • to walk, waulk
Derived terms
Translations

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin folium (leaf). Compare French feuille, Spanish hoja, Italian foglio, Italian foglia (the latter from Latin folia, plural of folium). Doublet of the borrowing foli.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈfuʎ/
  • Rhymes: -uʎ

Noun

full m (plural fulls)

  1. sheet of paper

Related terms

  • fulla

Further reading

  • “full” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ful/

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English full.

Adjective

full (plural fulls)

  1. (Quebec) full
  2. (Quebec) overflowing, packed, crowded

Adverb

full

  1. (Quebec) very, really

Etymology 2

From English full house.

Noun

full m (plural fulls)

  1. (poker) full house

Further reading

  • “full” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

From English full house.

Noun

full m (invariable)

  1. (card games, poker) full house, boat

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Cognates include Danish fuld, Swedish full, Icelandic fullur, German voll, Dutch vol, English full, Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls), Lithuanian pilnas, Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʉl/

Adjective

full (neuter singular fullt, definite singular and plural fulle, comparative fullere, indefinite superlative fullest, definite superlative fulleste)

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fylle

See also

  • -full (Bokmål)

References

  • “full” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Cognates include Danish fuld, Swedish full, Icelandic fullur, German voll, Dutch vol, English full, Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls), Lithuanian pilnas, Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʉlː/

Adjective

full (neuter singular fullt, definite singular and plural fulle, comparative fullare, indefinite superlative fullast, definite superlative fullaste)

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk
  3. complete, total

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fylle

See also

  • -full (Nynorsk)

References

  • “full” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /full/, [fuɫ]

Etymology 1

From Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full), from *pleh₁- (to fill).

Germanic cognates include Old Frisian ful, Old Saxon ful, full, Old High German foll, Old Norse fullr, and Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls).

Indo-European cognates include Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Alternative forms

  • ful

Adjective

full

  1. full, filled, complete, entire
Declension
Derived terms
  • fullīċe
Related terms
  • fyllan
Descendants
  • Middle English: full
    • English: full
    • Scots: fou

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *fullą (vessel), from Proto-Indo-European *pēl(w)- (a kind of vessel). Akin to Old Saxon full (beaker), Old Norse full (beaker).

Alternative forms

  • ful

Noun

full n

  1. a beaker
  2. a cup, especially one with liquor in it
Declension

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɵl/

Adjective

full

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk, intoxicated
    Synonyms: berusad, dragen, drucken, packad, plakat, påverkad, rund under fötterna

Declension

Derived terms

  • handfull

Related terms

  • fylla


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: go͝od, IPA(key): /ɡʊd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡʊd/, [ɡʊ̈d], [ɡɪ̈d]
  • (AAVE) enPR: go͝o(d), IPA(key): /ɡʊ(d)/
  • Rhymes: -ʊd

Etymology 1

From Middle English good, from Old English gōd, from Proto-West Germanic *gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to unite, be associated, suit). Cognate with Russian го́дный (gódnyj, fit, well-suited, good for; (coll.) good), год (god), “year”, via “suitable time”. Not related to the word god.

Alternative forms

  • g’d (poetic contraction)
  • goode (obsolete)

Adjective

good (comparative better, superlative best)

  1. (of people)
    1. Acting in the interest of what is beneficial, ethical, or moral.
      • 1460-1500, The Towneley Playsː
        It is not good to be alone, to walk here in this worthly wone.
      • 1500?, Evil Tonguesː
        If any man would begin his sins to reny, or any good people that frae vice deed rest ain. What so ever he were that to virtue would apply, But an ill tongue will all overthrow again.
      • 1891, Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray, Ch.6
        When we are happy, we are always good, but when we are good, we are not always happy.
    2. Competent or talented.
      • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
        And Marsha says I am a good cook!

    3. Able to be depended on for the discharge of obligations incurred; of unimpaired credit; used with for.
    4. Well-behaved (especially of children or animals).
    5. (US) Satisfied or at ease
    6. (archaic) Of high rank or birth.
  2. (of capabilities)
    1. Useful for a particular purpose; functional.
      • 1526, Herballː
        Against cough and scarceness of breath caused of cold take the drink that it hath been sodden in with Liquorice[,] or that the powder hath been sodden in with dry figs[,] for the same the electuary called dyacalamentum is good[,] and it is made thus.
    2. Effective.
      • There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger’s weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
    3. (obsolete) Real; actual; serious.
      • Love no man in good earnest.
  3. (properties and qualities)
    1. (of food)
      1. Edible; not stale or rotten.
      2. Having a particularly pleasant taste.
        • c. 1430 (reprinted 1888), Thomas Austin, ed., Two Fifteenth-century Cookery-books. Harleian ms. 279 (ab. 1430), & Harl. ms. 4016 (ab. 1450), with Extracts from Ashmole ms. 1429, Laud ms. 553, & Douce ms. 55 [Early English Text Society, Original Series; 91], London: N. Trübner & Co. for the Early English Text Society, volume I, OCLC 374760, page 11:
          Soupes dorye. — Take gode almaunde mylke [] caste þher-to Safroun an Salt []
        • 1962 (quoting 1381 text), Hans Kurath & Sherman M. Kuhn, eds., Middle English Dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-01044-8, page 1242:
          dorrẹ̅, dōrī adj. & n. [] cook. glazed with a yellow substance; pome(s ~, sopes ~. [] 1381 Pegge Cook. Recipes page 114: For to make Soupys dorry. Nym onyons [] Nym wyn [] toste wyte bred and do yt in dischis, and god Almande mylk.
      3. Being satisfying; meeting dietary requirements.
    2. Healthful.
    3. Pleasant; enjoyable.
    4. Favourable.
    5. Unblemished; honourable.
    6. Beneficial; worthwhile.
    7. Adequate; sufficient; not fallacious.
      • My reasons are both good and weighty.
  4. (colloquial, when with and) Very, extremely. See good and.
  5. Holy (especially when capitalized) .
  6. (of quantities)
    1. Reasonable in amount.
    2. Large in amount or size.
      • The big houses, and there are a good many of them, lie for the most part in what may be called by courtesy the valleys. You catch a glimpse of them sometimes at a little distance from the [railway] line, which seems to have shown some ingenuity in avoiding them, [].
    3. Full; entire; at least as much as.
Usage notes

The comparative gooder and superlative goodest are nonstandard.
In informal (often jocular) contexts, best may be inflected further and given the comparative bester and the superlative bestest; these forms are also nonstandard.

Synonyms
  • (having positive attributes): not bad, all right, satisfactory, decent, see also Thesaurus:good
  • (healthful): well
  • (competent or talented): accomplished
  • (acting in the interest of good; ethical): See Thesaurus:goodness
Antonyms
  • (having positive attributes): bad, poor
  • (ethical): bad, evil
Derived terms
Translations

Interjection

good

  1. That is good; an elliptical exclamation of satisfaction or commendation.
    Good! I can leave now.

Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English goode (good, well, adverb), from the adjective. Compare Dutch goed (good, well, adverb), German gut (good, well, adverb), Danish godt (good, well, adverb), Swedish godt (good, well, adverb), all from the adjective.

Adverb

good (comparative better, superlative best)

  1. (nonstandard) Well; satisfactorily or thoroughly.
    The boy done good. (did well)
    • 2007 April 19, Jimmy Wales, “Jimmy Wales on the User-Generated Generation”, Fresh Air, WHYY, Pennsylvania [1]
      The one thing that we can’t dois throw out the baby with the bathwater. We know our process works pretty darn good and, uh, it’s really sparked this amazing phenomenon of thishigh-quality website.
Derived terms
  • but good
  • a good many

Etymology 3

From Middle English good, god, from Old English gōd (a good thing, advantage, benefit, gift; good, goodness, welfare; virtue, ability, doughtiness; goods, property, wealth), from Proto-Germanic *gōdą (goods, belongings), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-, *gʰodʰ- (to unite, be associated, suit). Compare German Gut (item of merchandise; estate; property).

Noun

good (countable and uncountable, plural goods)

  1. (uncountable) The forces or behaviours that are the enemy of evil. Usually consists of helping others and general benevolence.
    Antonyms: bad, evil
  2. (countable) A result that is positive in the view of the speaker.
    Antonym: bad
  3. (uncountable) The abstract instantiation of goodness; that which possesses desirable qualities, promotes success, welfare, or happiness, is serviceable, fit, excellent, kind, benevolent, etc.
    He is an influence for good on those girls.
    • There be many that say, Who will show us any good? Lord lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
    • 1788, John Jay, The Federalist Papers No. 64:
      [] the government must be a weak one indeed, if it should forget that the good of the whole can only be promoted by advancing the good of each of the parts or members which compose the whole.
  4. (countable, usually in the plural) An item of merchandise.
    • Thy lands and goods / Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate / Unto the state of Venice.
Derived terms
  • (item of merchandise): capital goods, consumer goods
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English goden, godien, from Old English gōdian (to improve, get better; make better; endow, enrich), from Proto-West Germanic *gōdōn (to make better, improve), from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz (good, favourable).

Verb

good (third-person singular simple present goods, present participle gooding, simple past and past participle gooded)

  1. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To thrive; fatten; prosper; improve.
  2. (transitive, now chiefly dialectal) To make good; turn to good; improve.
  3. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To make improvements or repairs.
  4. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To benefit; gain.
  5. (transitive, now chiefly dialectal) To do good to (someone); benefit; cause to improve or gain.
  6. (transitive, now chiefly dialectal) To satisfy; indulge; gratify.
  7. (reflexive, now chiefly dialectal) To flatter; congratulate oneself; anticipate.
Derived terms
  • gooding

Etymology 5

From English dialectal, from Middle English *goden, of North Germanic origin, related to Swedish göda (to fatten, fertilise, battle), Danish gøde (to fertilise, battle), ultimately from the adjective. See above.

Verb

good (third-person singular simple present goods, present participle gooding, simple past and past participle gooded)

  1. (transitive, now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) To furnish with dung; manure; fatten with manure; fertilise.
    • April 5 1628, Bishop Joseph Hall, The Blessings, Sins, and Judgments of God’s Vineyard
      Nature was like itself , in it , in the world : God hath taken it in from the barren downs , and gooded it : his choice did not find , but make it thus
Derived terms
  • goodening

Further reading

  • good at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • good in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • good in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Dutch Low Saxon

Adjective

good

  1. good

Limburgish

Etymology

From Middle Dutch goet.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ʝoː˦d], [ʝoː˦t]

Adjective

good (comparative baeter, superlative bès, predicative superlative ‘t ‘t bès)

  1. good

Inflection


Middle English

Alternative forms

  • god, gode, goed, gude

Etymology

From Old English gōd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡoːd/
  • Rhymes: -oːd

Adjective

good (plural and weak singular goode, comparative bettre, superlative best)

  1. good (of good quality or behaviour)
  2. good (morally right or righteous)
    • 14th c., Chaucer, General Prologue:
  3. advantageous, wealthy, profitable, useful
  4. large; of a great size or quantity
  5. Having a great degree or extent.

Descendants

  • English: good
  • Scots: guid
  • Yola: gooude, gayde

References

  • “gọ̄d, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-02-17.

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