full vs total what difference

what is difference between full and total

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fo͝ol, IPA(key): /fʊl/, [fʊɫ]
  • Rhymes: -ʊl

Etymology 1

From Middle English ful, from Old English full (full), from Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz (full), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full).

Germanic cognates include West Frisian fol, Low German vull, Dutch vol, German voll, Danish fuld, and Norwegian and Swedish full (the latter three via Old Norse). Proto-Indo-European cognates include English plenty (via Latin, compare plēnus), Welsh llawn, Russian по́лный (pólnyj), Lithuanian pilnas, Persian پر(por), Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa). See also fele.

Adjective

full (comparative fuller, superlative fullest)

  1. Containing the maximum possible amount that can fit in the space available.
  2. Complete; with nothing omitted.
  3. Total, entire.
  4. (informal) Having eaten to satisfaction, having a “full” stomach; replete.
  5. (informal, with of) Replete, abounding with.
  6. (of physical features) Plump, round.
  7. Of a garment, of a size that is ample, wide, or having ample folds or pleats to be comfortable.
  8. Having depth and body; rich.
    a full singing voice
  9. (obsolete) Having the mind filled with ideas; stocked with knowledge; stored with information.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Studies
      Reading maketh a full man.
  10. Having the attention, thoughts, etc., absorbed in any matter, and the feelings more or less excited by it.
    She’s full of her latest project.
    • Everyone is now full of the miracles done by cold baths on decayed and weak constitutions.
  11. Filled with emotions.
    • 1848, James Russell Lowell, The Vision of Sir Launfal
      The heart is so full that a drop overfills it.
  12. (obsolete) Impregnated; made pregnant.
    • Ilia, the fair, [] full of Mars.
  13. (poker, postnominal) Said of the three cards of the same rank in a full house.
    Nines full of aces = three nines and two aces (999AA).
    I’ll beat him with my kings full! = three kings and two unspecified cards of the same rank.
  14. (chiefly Australia) Drunk, intoxicated.
    • 1925, United States House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee No. 1, Charges Against William E. Baker, U.S. District Judge:
      Mr. Coniff: That is the only evidence you gave of his being intoxicated, that his hat was on the side? [] Mr. Coniff: That is the only indication you gave the committee when you were asked if the judge was full, that his hat was on the side of his head; is that right?
Synonyms
  • (containing the maximum possible amount): abounding, brimful, bursting, chock-a-block, chock-full, full up, full to bursting, full to overflowing, jam full, jammed, jam-packed, laden, loaded, overflowing, packed, rammed, stuffed
  • (complete): complete, thorough
  • (total): entire, total
  • (satisfied, in relation to eating): glutted, gorged, sated, satiate, satiated, satisfied, stuffed
  • (of a garment): baggy, big, large, loose, outsized, oversized, voluminous
  • (drunk): See Thesaurus:drunk
Antonyms
  • (containing the maximum possible amount): empty
  • (complete): incomplete
  • (total): partial
  • (satisfied, in relation to eating): empty, hungry, starving
  • (of a garment): close-fitting, small, tight, tight-fitting
Derived terms
Related terms
Descendants
  • Gulf Arabic: فُل(ful)
Translations
  • Sundanese: wareg

Adverb

full (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) Fully; quite; very; thoroughly; completely; exactly; entirely.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[1]:
      Prospero:
      I have done nothing but in care of thee,
      Of thee, my dear one, thee, my daughter, who
      Art ignorant of what thou art; naught knowing
      Of whence I am, nor that I am more better
      Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,
      And thy no greater father.
    • [] full in the centre of the sacred wood
    • 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act IV, Scene I, verse 112
      You know full well what makes me look so pale.
    • 1880, Dante Gabriel Rosetti, William Blake, lines 9-12
      This cupboard [] / this other one, / His true wife’s charge, full oft to their abode / Yielded for daily bread the martyr’s stone,
    • 1874, James Thomson, The City of Dreadful Night, IX
      It is full strange to him who hears and feels, / When wandering there in some deserted street, / The booming and the jar of ponderous wheels, []
Derived terms
  • full-grown
  • full well

Etymology 2

From Middle English fulle, fylle, fille, from Old English fyllu, fyllo (fullness, fill, plenty), from Proto-Germanic *fullį̄, *fulnō (fullness, filling, overflow), from Proto-Indo-European *plūno-, *plno- (full), from *pelh₁-, *pleh₁- (to fill; full). Cognate with German Fülle (fullness, fill), Icelandic fylli (fulness, fill). More at fill.

Noun

full (plural fulls)

  1. Utmost measure or extent; highest state or degree; the state, position, or moment of fullness; fill.
    • Sicilian tortures and the brazen bull, / Are emblems, rather than express the full / Of what he feels.
    I was fed to the full.
    • 1911, Berthold Auerbach, Bayard Taylor, The villa on the Rhine:
      [] he had tasted their food, and found it so palatable that he had eaten his full before he knew it.
  2. (of the moon) The phase of the moon when its entire face is illuminated, full moon.
    • a. 1622, Francis Bacon, Natural History, in The works of Francis Bacon, 1765, page 322
      It is like, that the brain of man waxeth moister and fuller upon the full of the moon: […]
    • a. 1656, Joseph Hall, Josiah Pratt (editor), Works, Volume VII: Practical Works, Revised edition, 1808 page 219,
      This earthly moon, the Church, hath her fulls and wanings, and sometimes her eclipses, while the shadow of this sinful mass hides her beauty from the world.
  3. (freestyle skiing) An aerialist maneuver consisting of a backflip in conjunction and simultaneous with a complete twist.
Derived terms

(freestyle skiing):

Translations

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. (of the moon) To become full or wholly illuminated.
    • 1888 September 20, “The Harvest Moon,” New York Times (retrieved 10 April 2013):
      The September moon fulls on the 20th at 24 minutes past midnight, and is called the harvest moon.
    • 1905, Annie Fellows Johnston, The Little Colonel’s Christmas Vacation, ch. 4:
      “By the black cave of Atropos, when the moon fulls, keep thy tryst!”
    • 1918, Kate Douglas Wiggin, The Story Of Waitstill Baxter, ch. 29:
      “The moon fulls to-night, don’t it?”

Etymology 3

From Middle English fullen, fulwen, from Old English fullian, fulwian (to baptise), from Proto-Germanic *fullawīhōną (to fully consecrate), from *fulla- (full-) + *wīhōną (to hallow, consecrate, make holy). Compare Old English fulluht, fulwiht (baptism).

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. (transitive) To baptise.
Derived terms
  • fulling
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English [Term?], from Old French fuller, fouler (to tread, to stamp, to full), from Medieval Latin fullare, from Latin fullo (a fuller).

Verb

full (third-person singular simple present fulls, present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled)

  1. To make cloth denser and firmer by soaking, beating and pressing, to waulk, walk
Synonyms
  • to walk, waulk
Derived terms
Translations

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin folium (leaf). Compare French feuille, Spanish hoja, Italian foglio, Italian foglia (the latter from Latin folia, plural of folium). Doublet of the borrowing foli.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈfuʎ/
  • Rhymes: -uʎ

Noun

full m (plural fulls)

  1. sheet of paper

Related terms

  • fulla

Further reading

  • “full” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ful/

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English full.

Adjective

full (plural fulls)

  1. (Quebec) full
  2. (Quebec) overflowing, packed, crowded

Adverb

full

  1. (Quebec) very, really

Etymology 2

From English full house.

Noun

full m (plural fulls)

  1. (poker) full house

Further reading

  • “full” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

From English full house.

Noun

full m (invariable)

  1. (card games, poker) full house, boat

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Cognates include Danish fuld, Swedish full, Icelandic fullur, German voll, Dutch vol, English full, Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls), Lithuanian pilnas, Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʉl/

Adjective

full (neuter singular fullt, definite singular and plural fulle, comparative fullere, indefinite superlative fullest, definite superlative fulleste)

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fylle

See also

  • -full (Bokmål)

References

  • “full” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Cognates include Danish fuld, Swedish full, Icelandic fullur, German voll, Dutch vol, English full, Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls), Lithuanian pilnas, Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʉlː/

Adjective

full (neuter singular fullt, definite singular and plural fulle, comparative fullare, indefinite superlative fullast, definite superlative fullaste)

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk
  3. complete, total

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fylle

See also

  • -full (Nynorsk)

References

  • “full” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /full/, [fuɫ]

Etymology 1

From Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full), from *pleh₁- (to fill).

Germanic cognates include Old Frisian ful, Old Saxon ful, full, Old High German foll, Old Norse fullr, and Gothic ???????????????????? (fulls).

Indo-European cognates include Old Church Slavonic плънъ (plŭnŭ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa).

Alternative forms

  • ful

Adjective

full

  1. full, filled, complete, entire
Declension
Derived terms
  • fullīċe
Related terms
  • fyllan
Descendants
  • Middle English: full
    • English: full
    • Scots: fou

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *fullą (vessel), from Proto-Indo-European *pēl(w)- (a kind of vessel). Akin to Old Saxon full (beaker), Old Norse full (beaker).

Alternative forms

  • ful

Noun

full n

  1. a beaker
  2. a cup, especially one with liquor in it
Declension

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse fullr, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɵl/

Adjective

full

  1. full (containing the maximum possible amount)
  2. drunk, intoxicated
    Synonyms: berusad, dragen, drucken, packad, plakat, påverkad, rund under fötterna

Declension

Derived terms

  • handfull

Related terms

  • fylla


English

Alternative forms

  • totall (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English total, from Old French total, from Medieval Latin tōtālis, from tōtus (all, whole, entire), of unknown origin. Perhaps related to Oscan ???????????????????? (touto, community, city-state), Umbrian ???????????????????? (totam, tribe, acc.), Old English þēod (a nation, people, tribe), from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂ (people). More at English Dutch, English thede.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtəʊ.təl/
  • (General American) enPR: tōʹtl, IPA(key): /ˈtoʊ.təl/, [tʰoʊ̯ɾɫ], [tʰɔɾɫ]
  • Rhymes: -əʊtəl

Noun

total (plural totals)

  1. An amount obtained by the addition of smaller amounts.
    A total of £145 was raised by the bring-and-buy stall.
  2. (informal, mathematics) Sum.
    The total of 4, 5 and 6 is 15.

Synonyms

  • (sum): sum

Derived terms

  • subtotal

Translations

See also

Other terms used in arithmetic operations:

Advanced hyperoperations: tetration, pentation, hexation

Adjective

total (comparative more total, superlative most total)

  1. Entire; relating to the whole of something.
  2. (used as an intensifier) Complete; absolute.
  3. (mathematics) (of a function) Defined on all possible inputs.

Synonyms

  • (entire): entire, full, whole; see also Thesaurus:entire
  • (complete): absolute, complete, utter; see also Thesaurus:total

Derived terms

  • total allergy syndrome
  • total eclipse
  • totalism
  • totalitarian
  • totality
  • totally
  • total order
  • total war

Translations

Verb

total (third-person singular simple present totals, present participle (UK) totalling or (US) totaling, simple past and past participle (UK) totalled or (US) totaled)

  1. (transitive) To add up; to calculate the sum of.
    Synonym: sum
  2. To equal a total of; to amount to.
  3. (transitive, US, slang) To demolish; to wreck completely. (from total loss)
    Synonyms: demolish, trash, wreck
  4. (intransitive) To amount to; to add up to.

Translations

Anagrams

  • lotta

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis.

Adjective

total (epicene, plural totales)

  1. total

Noun

total m (plural totales)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • en total

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis, attested from the 16th century.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /toˈtal/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /tuˈtal/

Adjective

total (masculine and feminine plural totals)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • totalment

Related terms

  • totalitat

Noun

total m (plural totals)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • en total

References

Further reading

  • “total” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “total” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “total” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Danish

Etymology 1

From French total.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /totaːl/, [tˢoˈtˢæːˀl]

Adjective

total

  1. total
Inflection

Noun

total c (singular definite totalen, plural indefinite totaler)

  1. total
Inflection

Etymology 2

Compound of to (two) and tal (number).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /total/, [ˈtˢotˢal]

Noun

total n (singular definite totallet, plural indefinite totaller)

  1. two
Inflection
Synonyms
  • 2-tal

French

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔ.tal/
  • Homophones: totale, totales

Adjective

total (feminine singular totale, masculine plural totaux, feminine plural totales)

  1. total
  2. perfect

Antonyms

  • (total): partiel

Noun

total m (plural totaux)

  1. total

Related terms

  • au total
  • question totale
  • sous-total
  • totalement
  • totaliser
  • totalitaire
  • totalité
  • tout

Further reading

  • “total” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis.

Adjective

total m or f (plural totais)

  1. complete, entire

Noun

total m (plural totais)

  1. total

Further reading

  • “total” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.

German

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

total (not comparable)

  1. total

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis, from totus.

Adjective

total (neuter singular totalt, definite singular and plural totale)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • totalskade
  • totaltap

References

  • “total” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin tōtālis, from totus.

Adjective

total (neuter singular totalt, definite singular and plural totale)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • totalskadd
  • totaltap

References

  • “total” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Medieval Latin tōtālis (total), from Latin tōtus (whole) + -ālis (-al).

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: to‧tal
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

Adjective

total m or f (plural totais, comparable)

  1. complete; entire (to the greatest extent)
    Synonyms: completo, inteiro
  2. total (relating to the whole of something)

Antonyms

  • (complete): incompleto, parcial

Noun

total m (plural totais)

  1. total (amount obtained by the addition of smaller amounts)
    Synonym: totalidade

Related terms


Romanian

Etymology

From French total

Adjective

total m or n (feminine singular totală, masculine plural totali, feminine and neuter plural totale)

  1. total

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Medieval Latin tōtālis, from tōtus (all, whole, entire).

Adjective

total (plural totales)

  1. total, complete, outright

Adverb

total

  1. (colloquial) basically, so, in short (used to summarise)

Noun

total m (plural totales)

  1. total

Derived terms

  • en total

See also

  • todo

References

  • “total” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swedish

Etymology

From German total, from French total, from Latin totalis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʊˈtɑːl/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːl

Adjective

total (not comparable)

  1. total

Declension

References

  • total in Svensk ordbok (SO)

Anagrams

  • Lotta, lotta

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