fun vs playfulness what difference

what is difference between fun and playfulness

English

Etymology

From Middle English fonne, fon (foolish, simple, silly) or fonnen (make a fool of), probably of North Germanic origin, related to Swedish fånig (foolish), Swedish fåne (a fool). Compare also Norwegian fomme, fume (a fool). More at fon, fond.

As a noun, fun is recorded from 1700, with a meaning “a cheat, trick, hoax”, from a verb fun meaning “to cheat, trick” (1680s). The meaning “diversion, amusement” dates to the 1720s. The older meaning is preserved in the phrase to make fun of (1737) and in usage of the adjective funny. The use of fun as adjective is newest and is due to reanalysis of the noun; this was incipient in the mid-19th century.

Alternative etymology connected Middle English fonne with Old Frisian fonna, fone, fomne, variant forms of fāmne, fēmne (young woman, virgin), from Proto-West Germanic *faimnijā, from Proto-Germanic *faimnijǭ (maiden), from Proto-Indo-European *peymen- (girl), *poymen- (breast milk). If so, then cognate with Old English fǣmne (maid, virgin, damsel, bride), West Frisian famke (girl), Saterland Frisian fone, fon (woman, maid, servant,” also “weakling, simpleton).

Pronunciation

  • (US, UK) enPR: fŭn, IPA(key): /fʌn/
  • (Northern England) IPA(key): /fʊn/
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

fun (uncountable)

  1. amusement, enjoyment or pleasure
  2. playful, often noisy, activity.

Synonyms

  • (enjoyment, amusement): amusement, diversion, enjoyment, a laugh, pleasure
  • (playful, often noisy, activity): boisterousness, horseplay, rough and tumble

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

fun (comparative more fun or funner, superlative most fun or funnest)

  1. (informal) Enjoyable or amusing.
    We had a fun time at the party.
    He is such a fun person to be with.
    • 2016 January 11, Tom Bateman, quoted in Nigel Hunt, “Jekyll and Hyde, TV revamp of Robert Louis Stevenson classic, debuts on CBC-TV” CBC News, Canada:
      He’s the liberated character that everyone wants to be, so he was very fun to play
  2. (informal) Whimsical or flamboyant.
    This year’s fashion style is much more fun than recent seasons.

Usage notes

  • Note that, prescriptively, the adjectival use of fun, instead of funny as in a funny movie, is often considered unacceptable in formal contexts. This includes censure of the comparative and superlative funner and funnest, but equally constructions such as very fun (rather than, say, a lot of fun). For more, see Quinion’s discussion.

Translations

Verb

fun (third-person singular simple present funs, present participle funning, simple past and past participle funned)

  1. (colloquial) To tease, kid, poke fun at, make fun of.
    Hey, don’t get bent out of shape over it; I was just funning you.

Translations

Anagrams

  • FNU, NFU, unf

Chibcha

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /βun/

Noun

fun

  1. Alternative form of bun

References

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

French

Adjective

fun (invariable)

  1. (colloquial) fun

Galician

Etymology 1

Inflected form of ir (to go).

Verb

fun

  1. first-person singular preterite indicative of ir

Etymology 2

Inflected form of ser (to be).

Verb

fun

  1. first-person singular preterite indicative of ser

Japanese

Romanization

fun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ふん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of フン

Tboli

Noun

fun

  1. owner

Yoruba

Verb

fún

  1. give
  2. choke, squeeze, strangle, throttle
  3. scatter, strew
  4. sew

Preposition

fún

  1. for, on behalf of


English

Etymology

playful +‎ -ness

Noun

playfulness (usually uncountable, plural playfulnesses)

  1. The quality of being playful.

Translations


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