function vs serve what difference

what is difference between function and serve

English

Etymology

From Middle French function, from Old French fonction, from Latin functiō (performance, execution), from functus, perfect participle of fungor (to perform, execute, discharge).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfʌŋ(k)ʃən/, /ˈfʌŋkʃn̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈfʌŋkʃən/, [ˈfʌŋkʃɪ̈n], [ˈfʌŋkʃn̩]
  • Hyphenation: func‧tion
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋkʃən

Noun

function (plural functions)

  1. What something does or is used for.
    Synonyms: aim, intention, purpose, role, use
  2. A professional or official position.
    Synonyms: occupation, office, part, role
  3. An official or social occasion.
    Synonyms: affair, occasion, social occasion, social function
  4. Something which is dependent on or stems from another thing; a result or concomitant.
  5. A relation where one thing is dependent on another for its existence, value, or significance.
  6. (mathematics) A relation in which each element of the domain is associated with exactly one element of the codomain.
    Synonyms: map, mapping, mathematical function, operator, transformation
    Hypernym: relation
  7. (computing) A routine that receives zero or more arguments and may return a result.
    Synonyms: procedure, routine, subprogram, subroutine, func, funct
  8. (biology) The physiological activity of an organ or body part.
  9. (chemistry) The characteristic behavior of a chemical compound.
  10. (anthropology) The role of a social practice in the continued existence of the group.

Hyponyms

  • subfunction
  • (chemistry): acidity function
  • (psychology): executive ego function
  • (signal processing): spectral density function/spectral function
  • (systems theory): control function
  • Derived terms

    Related terms

    Translations

    References

    • function on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

    Verb

    function (third-person singular simple present functions, present participle functioning, simple past and past participle functioned)

    1. (intransitive) To have a function.
      Synonyms: officiate, serve
    2. (intransitive) To carry out a function; to be in action.
      Synonyms: go, operate, run, work
      Antonym: malfunction

    Related terms

    • functional
    • dysfunction, dysfunctional

    Translations


    Middle French

    Noun

    function f (plural functions)

    1. function (what something’s intended use is)

    Descendants

    • English: function
    • French: fonction


    English

    Etymology

    From Middle English serven, from Middle French servir, from Old French, from Latin serviō (be a slave; serve), from Latin servus (slave; servant), which perhaps derives from Etruscan (compare Etruscan proper names ???????????????????? (servi), ???????????????????? (serve)), or from Proto-Indo-European *ser- (watch over, protect).

    Pronunciation

    • (UK) IPA(key): /sɜːv/
    • (US) IPA(key): /sɝv/
    • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)v

    Noun

    serve (plural serves)

    1. (sports) An act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play in various games.
      Whose serve is it?
      • 1961 January 13, Marshall Smith, From Waif to a Winner, the Clown of the Courts, Life, page 99,
        He had no power serve of his own, no backhand, no volley, no lob, no idea of pace or tactics.
      • 1996, Steve Boga, Badminton, page viii,
        The first serve of the game is from the right half court to the half diagonally opposite.
      • 2009, Mihnea Moldoveanu, Roger L. Martin, Diaminds: Decoding the Mental Habits of Successful Thinkers, page 31,
        Against a serve of the calibre of McEnroe′s, an opponent will try to anticipate the ball′s direction and lean either to the left or to the right, depending on where he feels the server will go.
    2. (chiefly Australia) A portion of food or drink, a serving.
      • 2004, Susanna Holt, Fitness Food: The Essential Guide to Eating Well and Performing Better, Murdoch Books Australia, page 23,
        The night before your event, base your evening meal on high-carbohydrate foods with a small serve of lean protein.
      • 2007, Verity Campbell, Turkey, Lonely Planet, page 142,
        Come here for a cappuccino that could hold its own on Via Veneto in Rome (€2) and a serve of their crunchy fresh cheese börek.
      • 2008, Michael E. Cichorski, Maximum Asthma Control: The Revolutionary 3-Step Anti Asthma Program, page 100,
        Reintroduce protein; add a small serve of salmon, tuna or sardines every second day (tinned variety or fresh).
      • 2011, Great Britain Parliament House of Commons Health Committee, Alcohol: First Report of Session 2009-10, Volume 2, page 189,
        Smirnoff Appleback was a finished drink, comprising a 50ml serve of Smirnoff, with ice and lemonade or ginger ale and equating to 1.9 units.
      • 2012, Lesley Campbell, Alan L. Rubin, Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies, Australian Edition, page 117,
        One serve of carbohydrates is approximately equal to a slice of bread, a piece of fruit, third of a cup of cooked rice, half a cup of grains, cereals, starchy vegetables or cooked pasta, 200 grams of plain yoghurt, or 300 millilitres of milk.
    3. (gay slang and African-American Vernacular) An impressive presentation (especially of a person’s appearance).
      That white eyeliner is such a serve.

    Synonyms

    • (act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play): service
    • (portion of food): See serving

    Antonyms

    • (sports: act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play): receive

    Translations

    Verb

    serve (third-person singular simple present serves, present participle serving, simple past and past participle served)

    1. (personal) To provide a service (or, by extension, a product, especially food or drink).
      1. (transitive) To be a formal servant for (a god or deity); to worship in an official capacity. [from 12thc.]
        • 1889, Philip Schaff, translating St. Chrysostom, Homilies, XIV:
          And yet this is not the office of a Priest, but of Him whom the Priest should serve.
      2. (transitive) To be a servant for; to work for, to be employed by. [from 13thc.]
        • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Drummer
          And, truly, Mrs Abigail, I must needs say, I served my master contentedly while he was living, but I will serve no man living (that is, no man that is not living) without double wages.
        • 1979, Bob Dylan, Gotta Serve Somebody:
          You may be a businessman or some high-degree thief, / They may call you Doctor or they may call you Chief / But you’re gonna have to serve somebody.
      3. (transitive) To wait upon (someone) at table; to set food and drink in front of, to help (someone) to food, meals etc. [from 13thc.]
        • 2007, Larry McMurty, When the Light Goes
          That night Annie served him grilled halibut and English peas, plus tomatoes, of course, and a salad.
      4. (intransitive) To be a servant or worker; to perform the duties of a servant or employee; to render service. [from 14thc.]
        • 1673, John Milton, On His Blindness:
          They also serve who only stand and wait.
      5. (transitive) To set down (food or drink) on the table to be eaten; to bring (food, drink) to a person. [from 15thc.]
        • 2009, Dominic A Pacyga, Chicago: A Biography, p.195:
          About twenty minutes after waiters served the soup, a guest got up and left.
    2. (transitive, archaic) To treat (someone) in a given manner. [from 13thc.]
      • 1924, H. Rider Haggard, Belshazzar
        I mock them all who have served me ill of late and chiefly this cheat of Judah, whose temple we have plundered and whose golden vessels are my wash-pots.
    3. (transitive, archaic) To be suitor to; to be the lover of. [from 14thc.]
    4. To be effective.
      1. (transitive) To be useful to; to meet the needs of. [from 14thc.]
        • 2010 October 12, Lloyd Marcus, The Guardian
          So, while the sycophantic liberal media calls any and all opposition to Obama racist, they give Obama carte blanche to exploit his race whenever it serves his purpose.
      2. (intransitive) To have a given use or purpose; to function for something or to do something. [from 14thc.]
        • 2011 January 27, “Borgata bust”, The Economist
          The bust also served to remind the public that the Mafia is not harmless.
      3. (intransitive) To usefully take the place as, instead of something else. [from 14thc.]
        • 2010 April 20, “Not up in the air”, The Economist
          Maybe the volcanic eruption will serve as a wake-up call to such companies that they need to modernise their risk management.
    5. (transitive, law) To deliver a document.
      1. To officially deliver (a legal notice, summons etc.). [from 15thc.]
        • 2008 April, Pamela Colloff, The Fire That Time, Texas Monthly; Austin: Emmis Publishing, p.158:
          On the morning of February 28, 1993, ATF agents gathered at a staging area near Waco and prepared to serve a search warrant on the Branch Davidians’ residence.
      2. To make legal service upon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.)
    6. (transitive, intransitive, sports) To lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton etc. [from 16thc.]
      • 2007, Rob Antoun, Women’s Tennis Tactics, p.2:
        In women’s tennis the need to serve more effectively has become greater in recent years because the game is being played more aggressively, and rallies are becoming shorter as a result.
    7. (transitive) To copulate with (of male animals); to cover. [from 16thc.]
      • 1996, Puck Bonnier et al., Dairy Cattle Husbandry, Agromisa Foundation 2004
        Conception means that a cow is served by a bull and that she becomes pregnant.
    8. (intransitive) To be in military service. [from 16thc.]
      • 2007 May 16, Peter Walker, The Guardian
        Some reports suggested he would quit the army if he was not allowed to serve abroad in a war zone.
    9. (transitive, military) To work, to operate (a weapon). [from 18thc.]
      • 1864, Horace Greeley, The American Conflict
        John T. Greble, of the 2d regular artillery, was likewise killed instantly by a ball through the head, while serving his gun in the face of the foe.
    10. (transitive) To work through (a given period of time in prison, a sentence). [from 19thc.]
      • 2010 December 1, Tania Branigan, The Guardian
        The Guangzhou Daily reported that Shi Chunlong, 20, who organised the incident, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Hou Bin, who pulled out of the attack after helping to plan it, will serve 12 years.
    11. (nautical) To wind spun yarn etc. tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather.
    12. (transitive) To perform (a public obligation).
      I’ve received a summons for jury duty. It says I serve one day or one trial.
      She served the office of mayor five years ago.
    13. (transitive, intransitive, slang, drugs) To provide crack cocaine (to), usually by selling, dealing, or distributing.
    14. (gay slang and African-American Vernacular) To present an attractive personal appearance.
      1. (intransitive) To present an attractive personal appearance.
      2. (transitive) To attractively display something (especially a body part) as part of one’s personal appearance.
      3. (transitive) To evoke something (especially a person) with one’s personal appearance.

    Synonyms

    • (to be a servant to): attend, bestand, wait on; See also Thesaurus:serve

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    Translations

    Descendants

    • Thai: เสิร์ฟ (sə̀əp)

    References

    Anagrams

    • ‘verse, -verse, reves, sever, veers, verse

    Czech

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): [ˈsɛrvɛ]

    Verb

    serve

    1. third-person singular future of servat

    French

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /sɛʁv/

    Verb

    serve

    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of servir

    Anagrams

    • resve, rêves, rêvés, verse, versé

    Italian

    Etymology 1

    See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

    Adjective

    serve

    1. feminine plural of servo

    Noun

    serve f pl

    1. plural of serva

    Etymology 2

    See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

    Verb

    serve

    1. third-person singular present indicative of servire

    Latin

    Noun

    serve m

    1. vocative singular of servus

    Norwegian Nynorsk

    Alternative forms

    • (noun): sørv
    • (verb): serva (a infinitive); sørva, sørve

    Etymology

    Borrowed from English serve. Doublet of servere. Both are ultimately from Latin serviō.

    Verb

    serve (present tense servar, past tense serva, past participle serva, passive infinitive servast, present participle servande, imperative serv)

    1. (transitive, intransitive, sports) to serve (To lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton etc.)

    Noun

    serve m (definite singular serven, indefinite plural servar, definite plural servane)

    1. (sports) a serve

    References

    • “serve” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

    Anagrams

    • verse

    Portuguese

    Verb

    serve

    1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of servir
    2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of servir

    Swedish

    Etymology

    Borrowed from English serve.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈsɵrv/

    Noun

    serve c

    1. (sports) serve

    Declension

    Related terms

    • serva (to serve)

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