function vs use what difference

what is difference between function and use

English

Etymology

From Middle French function, from Old French fonction, from Latin functiō (performance, execution), from functus, perfect participle of fungor (to perform, execute, discharge).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfʌŋ(k)ʃən/, /ˈfʌŋkʃn̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈfʌŋkʃən/, [ˈfʌŋkʃɪ̈n], [ˈfʌŋkʃn̩]
  • Hyphenation: func‧tion
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋkʃən

Noun

function (plural functions)

  1. What something does or is used for.
    Synonyms: aim, intention, purpose, role, use
  2. A professional or official position.
    Synonyms: occupation, office, part, role
  3. An official or social occasion.
    Synonyms: affair, occasion, social occasion, social function
  4. Something which is dependent on or stems from another thing; a result or concomitant.
  5. A relation where one thing is dependent on another for its existence, value, or significance.
  6. (mathematics) A relation in which each element of the domain is associated with exactly one element of the codomain.
    Synonyms: map, mapping, mathematical function, operator, transformation
    Hypernym: relation
  7. (computing) A routine that receives zero or more arguments and may return a result.
    Synonyms: procedure, routine, subprogram, subroutine, func, funct
  8. (biology) The physiological activity of an organ or body part.
  9. (chemistry) The characteristic behavior of a chemical compound.
  10. (anthropology) The role of a social practice in the continued existence of the group.

Hyponyms

  • subfunction
  • (chemistry): acidity function
  • (psychology): executive ego function
  • (signal processing): spectral density function/spectral function
  • (systems theory): control function
  • Derived terms

    Related terms

    Translations

    References

    • function on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

    Verb

    function (third-person singular simple present functions, present participle functioning, simple past and past participle functioned)

    1. (intransitive) To have a function.
      Synonyms: officiate, serve
    2. (intransitive) To carry out a function; to be in action.
      Synonyms: go, operate, run, work
      Antonym: malfunction

    Related terms

    • functional
    • dysfunction, dysfunctional

    Translations


    Middle French

    Noun

    function f (plural functions)

    1. function (what something’s intended use is)

    Descendants

    • English: function
    • French: fonction


    English

    Etymology

    Noun from Middle English use, from Old French us, from Latin ūsus (use, custom, skill, habit), from past participle stem of ūtor (use). Displaced native Middle English note (use) (See note) from Old English notu, and Middle English nutte (use) from Old English nytt.

    Verb from Middle English usen, from Old French user (use, employ, practice), from Vulgar Latin *usare (use), frequentative form of past participle stem of Latin uti (to use). Displaced native Middle English noten, nutten (to use) (from Old English notian, nēotan, nyttian) and Middle English brouken, bruken (to use, enjoy) (from Old English brūcan).

    Pronunciation

    Noun
    • enPR: yo͞os, IPA(key): /juːs/
    • Rhymes: -uːs
    Verb
    • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: yo͞oz, IPA(key): /juːz/
    • (General American) enPR: yo͞oz, IPA(key): /juz/
    Rhymes: -uːz
    Homophones: ewes, yews, yous, youse

    Noun

    use (countable and uncountable, plural uses)

    1. The act of using.
      Synonyms: employment, usage, note, nait
    2. (uncountable) The act of consuming alcohol or narcotics.
    3. (uncountable, followed by “of”) Usefulness, benefit.
      Synonyms: benefit, good, point, usefulness, utility, note, nait
    4. A function; a purpose for which something may be employed.
    5. Occasion or need to employ; necessity.
    6. (obsolete, rare) Interest for lent money; premium paid for the use of something; usury.
      • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 2 Scene 1
        DON PEDRO. Come, lady, come; you have lost the heart of Signior Benedick.
        BEATRICE. Indeed, my lord, he lent it me awhile; and I gave him use for it, a double heart for a single one: […]
      • 1650, Jeremy Taylor, The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living
        Thou art more obliged to pay duty and tribute, use and principal, to him.
    7. (archaic) Continued or repeated practice; usage; habit.
    8. (obsolete) Common occurrence; ordinary experience.
    9. (Christianity) The special form of ritual adopted for use in any diocese.
      • From henceforth all the whole realm shall have but one use.
    10. (forging) A slab of iron welded to the side of a forging, such as a shaft, near the end, and afterward drawn down, by hammering, so as to lengthen the forging.

    Hyponyms

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    • no use
    • what’s the use

    Translations

    Verb

    use (third-person singular simple present uses, present participle using, simple past and past participle used)

    1. To utilize or employ.
      1. (transitive) To employ; to apply; to utilize.
      2. (transitive, often with up) To expend; to consume by employing.
      3. (transitive) To exploit.
      4. (transitive) To consume (alcohol, drugs, etc), especially regularly.
        He uses cocaine. I have never used drugs.
      5. (intransitive) To consume a previously specified substance, especially a drug to which one is addicted.
      6. (transitive, with auxiliary “could”) To benefit from; to be able to employ or stand.
    2. To accustom; to habituate. (Now common only in participial form. Uses the same pronunciation as the noun; see usage notes.)
      (still common)
      (now rare)
      1. (reflexive, obsolete, with “to”) To become accustomed, to accustom oneself.
        • 1714, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees, London: T. Ostell, 1806, Sixth Dialogue, p. 466,[1]
          It is not without some difficulty, that a man born in society can form an idea of such savages, and their condition; and unless he has used himself to abstract thinking, he can hardly represent to himself such a state of simplicity, in which man can have so few desires, and no appetites roving beyond the immediate call of untaught nature []
        • 1742, Samuel Richardson, Pamela, London: S. Richardson, 4th edition, Volume 3, Letter 12, p. 53,[2]
          So that reading constantly, and thus using yourself to write, and enjoying besides the Benefit of a good Memory, every thing you heard or read, became your own []
        • 1769, John Leland, Discourses on Various Subjects, London: W. Johnston and J. Dodsley, Volume 1, Discourse 16, p. 311,[3]
          [] we must be constant and faithful to our Words and Promises, and use ourselves to be so even in smaller Matters []
        • 1876, George Eliot, Daniel Deronda, Book 3, Chapter 24,[4]
          The family troubles, she thought, were easier for every one than for her—even for poor dear mamma, because she had always used herself to not enjoying.
    3. (intransitive, now rare, literary, except in past tense) To habitually do; to be wont to do. (Now chiefly in past-tense forms; see used to.)
      • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, 1 Peter 4:9,[5]
        Use hospitality one to another without grudging.
      • 1764, Horace Walpole, The Castle of Otranto, II:
        I do not use to let my wife be acquainted with the secret affairs of my state; they are not within a woman’s province.
    4. (dated) To behave toward; to act with regard to; to treat.
      • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act II, Scene 6,[6]
        See who it is: and, now the battle’s ended,
        If friend or foe, let him be gently used.
      • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Luke 6:28,[7]
        Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.
      • 1671, John Milton, Samson Agonistes, in Paradise Regain’d. A Poem in IV Books, to which is added Samson Agonistes, London: John Starkey, p. 58,[8]
        If in my flower of youth and strength, when all men / Lov’d, honour’d, fear’d me, thou alone could hate me / Thy Husband, slight me, sell me, forgo me; / How wouldst thou use me now, blind, and thereby / Deceivable []
      • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato: A Tragedy, London: J. Tonson, Act I, Scene 2, p. 6,[9]
        Cato has used me Ill: He has refused / His Daughter Marcia to my ardent Vows.
      • , Book 8, Chapter 3,
        “I hope,” said Jones, “you don’t intend to leave me in this condition.” “Indeed but I shall,” said the other. “Then,” said Jones, “you have used me rascally, and I will not pay you a farthing.”
      • 1884, Margaret Oliphant, Old Lady Mary
        “Oh, how dare you, or any one, to speak of her so! She used me as if I had been her dearest child. She was more kind to me than a mother. There is no one in the world like her!” Mary cried.
    5. (reflexive, obsolete) To behave, act, comport oneself.
      • 1551, Thomas More, Utopia, London: B. Alsop & T. Fawcet, 1639, “Of Bond-men, Sicke persons, Wedlocke, and divers other matters,” page 231,[10]
        They live together lovingly: For no Magistrate is either haughty or fearefull. Fathers they be called, and like fathers they use themselves.
      • c. 1558, George Cavendish, The Life and Death of Thomas Wolsey, cardinal, edited by Grace H. M. Simpson, London: R. & T. Washbourne, 1901, page 57,[11]
        I pray to God that this may be a sufficient admonition unto thee to use thyself more wisely hereafter, for assure thyself that if thou dost not amend thy prodigality, thou wilt be the last Earl of our house.

    Usage notes

    • When meaning “accustom, habituate” or “habitually do (or employ)”, the verb use is pronounced /juːs/ (like the noun use); these senses and hence this pronunciation is now found chiefly in the past tense or as a past participle (/juːst/), or in the (past) negative form did not use (as in I did not use to like her or the dragoons did not use [habituate, become habituated] to the Russian cold). In all other senses, it is pronounced /juːz/ (past tense/participle /juːzd/).
    • See also the usage notes at used to (and use to) for more, especially on the use of this sense in interrogatives, negatives, and the past tense.

    Synonyms

    • (employ, apply, utilize): apply, employ, engage, utilise, utilize
    • (exploit): exploit, take advantage of

    Derived terms

    Translations

    References

    • use in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

    Anagrams

    • ESU, EUS, SEU, Sue, UEs, sue, ues

    Alemannic German

    Alternative forms

    • ussa, usse, uuse

    Etymology

    Contraction of us + hii.

    Pronunciation

    • (Zurich) IPA(key): /ˈuzə/

    Adverb

    use

    1. out
      • 1903, Robert Walser, Der Teich:
        Aber i muess pressiere, daß i bald fertig wirde. Nächär chani use go spiele.

        But I need to hurry so I can finish soon. Then I can go out and play.

    Asturian

    Verb

    use

    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of usar

    Chuukese

    Etymology

    From u- +‎ -se.

    Pronoun

    use

    1. I do not

    Adjective

    use

    1. I am not
    2. I was not

    Related terms


    French

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /yz/

    Verb

    use

    1. first/third-person singular present indicative of user
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of user
    3. second-person singular imperative of user

    Anagrams

    • eus, sue, sué

    Italian

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈu.ze/
    • Rhymes: -uze

    Adjective

    use

    1. feminine plural of uso

    Anagrams

    • Sue, sue

    Latin

    Pronunciation

    • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈuː.se/, [ˈuːs̠ɛ]
    • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈu.se/, [ˈuːs̬ɛ]

    Participle

    ūse

    1. vocative masculine singular of ūsus

    Manx

    Etymology

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun

    use m (genitive singular use, plural useyn)

    1. (finance) interest; usury

    Derived terms


    Portuguese

    Verb

    use

    1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of usar
    2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of usar
    3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of usar
    4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of usar

    Spanish

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈuse/, [ˈu.se]

    Verb

    use

    1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of usar.
    2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of usar.
    3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of usar.
    4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of usar.

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