furrowed vs rugged what difference

what is difference between furrowed and rugged




  1. simple past tense and past participle of furrow


furrowed (comparative more furrowed, superlative most furrowed)

  1. Marked with furrows.


Etymology 1

From Middle English rugged, roggyd, ruggyd, derived from Old Norse rǫgg (tuft, shagginess), equivalent to rug (rough, woollen material) +‎ -ed. Compare Old Swedish ruggoter (wrinkled), Swedish rugga (to roughen), Swedish ruggig (shaggy), Icelandic rögg (shagginess), Old Norse raggaðr (tufted), dialectal Danish raggad (shaggy).


  • rŭ-gĭd, IPA(key): /ˈɹʌɡɪd/


rugged (comparative ruggeder, superlative ruggedest)

  1. Broken into sharp or irregular points; uneven; not smooth; rough.
    • 1870, Mark Twain, Roughing It, Chapter LXV
      By and by, after a rugged climb, we halted on the summit of a hill which commanded a far-reaching view.
  2. Not neat or regular; irregular, uneven.
    • 2011, Ronke Luke-Boone, African Fabrics: Sewing Contemporary Fashion with Ethic Flair
      Commercially produced yarn, such as rayon, produces a cloth with a smoother, shinier look than hand-spun cotton, but the uneven, rugged look of hand-spun cotton can be quite appealing.
  3. Rough with bristles or hair; shaggy.
  4. (of a person) Strong, sturdy, well-built.
    • 2010, Arthur Queen Jr., Young Man: Ageless Fatherly Wisdom to Hold
      Many women and men delude themselves into thinking that only the hardest and most rugged man is attractive and to many it may be the case.
  5. (of land) Rocky and bare of plantlife.
    • 2013, Vicky Baker in The Guardian, Riding with the cowboys on a Mexico ranch
      Hidden within 30,000 acres of rugged private land, the ranch is cocooned by peaks and canyons in all directions.
  6. (of temper, character, or people) Harsh; austere; hard; crabbed
  7. Stormy; turbulent; tempestuous; rude.
  8. (of sound, style etc.) Harsh; grating; rough to the ear
  9. (of looks, appearance etc.) Sour; surly; frowning; wrinkled
  10. (of behaviour) Violent; rude; boisterous
  11. (of health, physique etc.) Vigorous; robust; hardy
    • 1909, Jack London, Martin Eden
      “Her gaze rested for a moment on the muscular neck, heavy corded, almost bull-like, bronzed by the sun, spilling over with rugged health and strength…”
  12. (computing, of a computer) Designed to reliably operate in harsh usage environments and conditions.
    • 2011, Nick Fletcher, Psion drops 2% after supply chain issues push it into loss
      Psion, which supplies a range of rugged hand held computers, has lost nearly 2% after announcing a plunge into the red.
Derived terms

Further reading

  • rugged in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • rugged at OneLook Dictionary Search

Etymology 2

rug +‎ -ed


  • rŭgd, IPA(key): /ɹʌɡd/


rugged (not comparable)

  1. Having a rug or rugs.
  2. Covered with a rug.



  1. simple past tense and past participle of rug


  • Dugger, Gudger, grudge, gurged

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