furtive vs sneak what difference

what is difference between furtive and sneak

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French furtif (stealthy), from Latin fūrtīvus (stolen), from fūrtum (theft), from fūr (thief).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfɜːtɪv/
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): [ˈfɜːɾɪv]
  • (US) IPA(key): [ˈfɝ.ɽɪv]

Adjective

furtive (comparative more furtive, superlative most furtive)

  1. Stealthy.
  2. Exhibiting guilty or evasive secrecy.
    • 1949, George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, p31
      But that was merely a piece of furtive knowledge which he happened to possess because his memory was not satisfactorily under control.

Synonyms

  • (stealthy): surreptitious
  • See also Thesaurus:covert

Derived terms

  • furtively
  • furtiveness

Related terms

  • ferret

Translations


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fyʁ.tiv/

Adjective

furtive

  1. feminine singular of furtif

Italian

Adjective

furtive

  1. feminine plural of furtivo

Latin

Adjective

fūrtīve

  1. masculine vocative singular of fūrtīvus

References

  • furtive in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • furtive in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • furtive in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Etymology

Possibly from Middle English sniken (to creep, crawl), from Old English snīcan (to creep, crawl), from Proto-West Germanic *snīkan, from Proto-Germanic *snīkaną (to creep, crawl), which is related to the root of snake. Compare Danish snige (to sneak), Swedish snika (to sneak, hanker after), Icelandic sníkja (to sneak, hanker after).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sniːk/
  • Rhymes: -iːk

Noun

sneak (plural sneaks)

  1. One who sneaks; one who moves stealthily to acquire an item or information.
  2. The act of sneaking
  3. A cheat; a con artist.
    Synonyms: con artist, trickster; see also Thesaurus:confidence trickster, Thesaurus:deceiver
  4. An informer; a tell-tale.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:informant
  5. (obsolete, cricket) A ball bowled so as to roll along the ground; a daisy-cutter
  6. (US) A sneaker; a tennis shoe.
    • 2014, Faye McKnight, Goodnight, Bob (page 9)
      We would have been laughed off the street in Philadelphia if we were seen wearing sneaks. In the big city, the young population wore loafers or boots.
  7. (American football) A play where the quarterback receives the snap and immediately dives forward.

Translations

Verb

sneak (third-person singular simple present sneaks, present participle sneaking, simple past and past participle sneaked or snuck)

  1. (intransitive) To creep or go stealthily; to come or go while trying to avoid detection, as a person who does not wish to be seen.
    Synonym: skulk
  2. (transitive) To take something stealthily without permission.
  3. (ditransitive) To stealthily bring someone something.
  4. (transitive, dated) To hide, especially in a mean or cowardly manner.
    • 1701, William Wake, A rationale upon some texts of Scripture
      [Slander] sneaks its head.
  5. (intransitive, informal, with on) To inform an authority of another’s misdemeanours.
    Synonyms: grass, snitch, tell tales

Usage notes

  • The past and past participle snuck is primarily found in North American English, where it originated in the late 19th century as a dialectal form. It is still regarded as informal by some, but its use appears to be increasing in frequency and acceptability. It is occasionally found in British and Australian/Hiberno-English, too, though regarded as an American form. (See Oxford Dictionaries, The Cambridge Guide to English Usage, Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, Webster’s New World College Dictionary.)
  • Informally, snook is also often found as the past tense. It is considered nonstandard.
  • To sneak (take) something is not the same as to steal something. In this sense, sneak typically implies trying to avoid a supervisor’s or guardian’s mild displeasure or mild discipline, while steal indicates a more serious action and often the person stealing does not know the owner of the item being stolen.

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

sneak (not comparable)

  1. In advance; before release to the general public.
  2. In a stealthy or surreptitious manner.

Derived terms

  • sneak attack
  • sneak peek
  • sneak preview

Anagrams

  • Kasen, Keans, Snake, akens, asken, kaens, kenas, nakes, skean, snake

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English sneak

Verb

sneak

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sneaken
  2. imperative of sneaken

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