fustian vs rant what difference

what is difference between fustian and rant

English

Etymology

  • Middle English fustian, from Old French fustaine, from Medieval Latin fustaneum, probably from Latin fustis (club; (medieval use) tree trunk).
  • Used in the sense of “pomposity” since at least the time of Shakespeare. For the shift of meaning from cloth-related terminology, compare bombast.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfʌs.tʃən/, /ˈfʌs.ti.ən/

Noun

fustian (usually uncountable, plural fustians)

  1. A kind of coarse twilled cotton or cotton and linen stuff, chiefly prepared for menswear.
    • 1478, Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, Prologue, 75-8,
      Of fustian he wered a gypon / Al bismotered with his habergeoun, / For he was late ycome from his viage, / And wente for to doon his pilgrymage.
    • ,
      Where’s the cook? Is supper ready, the house trimm’d, rushes strew’d, cobwebs swept, the serving-men in their new fustian, their white stockings, and every officer his wedding-garment on?
    • 1888, Thomas Hardy, “The Withered Arm” in Wessex Tales, London: Macmillan & Co., 1903, p. 102, [1]
      [] in it lay the body of a young man, wearing the smockfrock of a rustic, and fustian breeches.
    • 1972, Edna O’Brien, Night, New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1987, p. 103,
      Her husband was trying to calm her down, assuage her, and in the end what she did was to put a handkerchief over her face and secure it with the brim of a fustian hat.
    • 2009, Giorgio Riello, “The Indian Apprenticeship: The Trade of Indian Textiles and the Making of European Cottons” in Giorgio Riello and Tirthankar Roy (eds.), How India Clothed the World: The World of South Asian Textiles, 1500-1850, Leiden: Brill, p. 334
      The East India company was pursuing its own financial interests, but in doing so was also fostering the establishment of industries such as calico printing — an industry that would have not achieved the same degree of accomplishment if it had confined itself simply to the printing of European fustians (mixed cottons) and linens, both of which were more difficult to print on than cotton.
  2. A class of cloth including corduroy and velveteen.
  3. Pompous, inflated or pretentious writing or speech.
    • 1715, Alexander Pope, Preface to The Iliad of Homer, in Alexander Pope, Selected Poetry and Prose, edited by Robin Sowerby, London: Routledge, 1988, p. 105,
      Nothing that belongs to Homer seems to have been more commonly mistaken than the just pitch of his style, some of his translators having swelled into fustian in a proud confidence of the sublime, others sunk into flatness in a cold and timorous notion of simplicity.
    • 1721, Joseph Addison, “Dialogues upon the Usefulness of Ancient Medals”, Dialogue II, in The Works of the Right Honourable Joseph Addison, Esq., Vol. I, p. 490, [3]
      Claudian in the description of his infant Titan descants on this glory about his head, but has run his description into most wretched fustian.
    • 1926, Harold L. Van Doren, Paul Cézanne: His Life and Art, p. 49; a translation of Ambroise Vollard, Paul Cézanne, 1914, Paris, Éditions G. Crès.
      What made Manet a veritable prophet in his day, was that he brought a simple formula to a period in which the official art was merely fustian and conventionality.
  4. (archaic) A drink made of white wine with egg yolk, lemon, and spices.

Translations

See also

  • jackanapes

References

  • fustian at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • fustian in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Faustin, faunist, fiaunts, infaust


English

Etymology

From Dutch ranten, randen (to talk nonsense, rave), of uncertain origin; but apparently related to Middle High German ranzen (to dance, jump around, frolic), German ranzen (to be ardent, be in heat, copulate, mate, ramble, join up).

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɹænt/
  • Rhymes: -ænt

Verb

rant (third-person singular simple present rants, present participle ranting, simple past and past participle ranted)

  1. To speak or shout at length in uncontrollable anger.
  2. To disseminate one’s own opinions in a – typically – one-sided, strong manner.
  3. To criticize by ranting.
  4. (dated) To speak extravagantly, as in merriment.
  5. To dance rant steps.

Translations

Noun

rant (plural rants)

  1. A criticism done by ranting.
  2. A wild, emotional, and sometimes incoherent articulation.
  3. A type of dance step usually performed in clogs, and particularly (but not exclusively) associated with the English North West Morris tradition. The rant step consists of alternately bringing one foot across and in front of the other and striking the ground, with the other foot making a little hop.

Derived terms

  • rantful

See also

  • screed

Translations

See also

  • ramble
  • rave

Further reading

  • rant in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • rant in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Tarn, Tran, ar’n’t, arn’t, tRNA, tarn, tran, trna

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

  • (of rane) rana, ranet

Verb

rant

  1. simple past of renne
  2. past participle of rane

Polish

Etymology

From German Rand, from Middle High German rant, from Old High German rant.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rant/

Noun

rant m inan

  1. edge (especially coin edge)
    Synonyms: brzeg, krawędź

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) rantowy

Further reading

  • rant in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rant in Polish dictionaries at PWN

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