gadfly vs pest what difference

what is difference between gadfly and pest

English

Etymology

From gad (spike) +‎ fly.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡædflaɪ/

Noun

gadfly (plural gadflies)

  1. Any dipterous insect of the family Oestridae, commonly known as botflies.
    Synonyms: botfly, warble fly
  2. A horsefly: any of various species of fly, of the family Tabanidae, noted for buzzing about animals and sucking their blood.
    Synonyms: horsefly, stoat-fly, stout
    • 2005, Rafael Argullol, The End of the World as a Work of Art: A Western Story, Bucknell University Press (→ISBN), page 48:
      Vengeful Hera transformed her into an animal (a beautiful cow), and imposed upon her the company of a gadfly to sting her continuously, thus forcing her to escape on an endless pilgrimage.
  3. (figuratively) One who upsets the status quo by posing upsetting or novel questions, or attempts to stimulate innovation by proving an irritant.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:maverick
  4. (derogatory) One who merely irritates without making useful suggestions.
  5. (derogatory, slang) A bloodsucker; a person who takes without giving back.
    Synonyms: bloodsucker; see also Thesaurus:scrounger

Translations

Further reading

  • horse-fly on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • botfly on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


English

Etymology

From Middle French peste (whence French peste), ultimately from Latin pestis.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /pɛst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

pest (plural pests)

  1. (originally) A plague, pestilence, epidemic
  2. Any destructive insect or caterpillar that attacks crops or livestock; an agricultural pest.
  3. An annoying person, a nuisance.
  4. An animal regarded as a nuisance, destructive, or a parasite, vermin.
  5. An invasive weed.

Synonyms

  • (creature): bug

Related terms

  • garden pest
  • pester
  • pesting
  • pesthole
  • pesthouse
  • pesticidal, pesticide
  • pestiferous
  • pestilence, pestilent, pestilential

Translations

Anagrams

  • EPTs, ESTP, PETs, STEP, Sept, Sept., TPEs, Teps, pets, sept, sept-, spet, step, step-

Danish

Etymology

From French peste, from Latin pestis (disease, plague, pest, destruction).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛst/, [pʰɛsd̥]

Noun

pest c (uncountable, singular definite pesten)

  1. (medicine) plague
  2. (figuratively) pestilence

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

pest f (uncountable)

  1. A plague, pest, pestilence.
  2. A specific bovine plague
  3. An obnoxious person

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Negerhollands: pest
  • Indonesian: pes
  • Japanese: ペスト (pesuto)
  • Papiamentu: peste

Verb

pest

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of pesten
  2. imperative of pesten

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Northern Kurdish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛst/

Noun

pest f (Arabic spelling پەست‎)

  1. pressure, oppression

References

  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003), “pest”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin pestis

Noun

pest f or m (definite singular pesta or pesten, indefinite plural pester, definite plural pestene)

  1. a plague
    sky (noe/noen) som pesten – avoid (something/someone) like the plague
    velge mellom pest og kolera – choose the lesser of two evils

Derived terms

  • byllepest
  • forpeste
  • pestepidemi

References

  • “pest” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin pestis

Noun

pest m (definite singular pesten, indefinite plural pestar, definite plural pestane)
pest f (definite singular pesta, indefinite plural pester, definite plural pestene)

  1. a plague
    sky (noko/nokon) som pesten – avoid (something/someone) like the plague
    velje mellom pest og kolera – choose the lesser of two evils

Derived terms

  • byllepest
  • forpeste
  • pestepidemi

References

  • “pest” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pęstь

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pêːst/

Noun

pȇst f (Cyrillic spelling пе̑ст)

  1. (regional, literary) fist

Declension


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pęstь. Cognate with Serbo-Croatian пест, pest, Slovak päsť, Russian пясть (pjastʹ, middle part of the hand) and запя́стье (zapjástʹje), dialectal Bulgarian (Western dialects) пестник (pestnik), песник (pesnik), пестница (pestnica). Compare Ancient Greek πυγμή (pugmḗ), English fist, German Faust.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /péːst/

Noun

pẹ̑st f

  1. (anatomy) fist

Inflection

Derived terms

  • pésten

Swedish

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin pestis.

Noun

pest c

  1. A plague
  2. A pest; something deeply annoying

Derived terms

  • blodpest
  • böldpest
  • lungpest
  • pest och pina
  • välja mellan pest och kolera

Tocharian B

Particle

pest

  1. a perfectivizing particle used with verbs

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