gag vs heave what difference

what is difference between gag and heave

English

Etymology

The verb is from 15th-century Middle English gaggen, Early Modern English gagge, possibly imitative or perhaps related to or influenced by Old Norse gag-háls (“with head thrown backwards”; > Norwegian dialectal gaga (bent backwards)). The intransitive sense “to retch” is from 1707.

The noun is from the 16th century, figurative use (for “repression of speech”) from the 1620s. The secondary meaning “(practical) joke” is from 1863, of unclear origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡæɡ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Noun

gag (plural gags)

  1. A device to restrain speech, such as a rag in the mouth secured with tape or a rubber ball threaded onto a cord or strap.
  2. (law) An order or rule forbidding discussion of a case or subject.
  3. (figuratively) Any suppression of freedom of speech.
  4. A joke or other mischievous prank.
  5. (film) a device or trick used to create a practical effect; a gimmick
  6. A convulsion of the upper digestive tract.
  7. (archaic) A mouthful that makes one retch or choke.
  8. Mycteroperca microlepis, a species of grouper.
    Synonym: gag grouper

Synonyms

  • (legal): gag order
  • (joke): See also Thesaurus:joke

Derived terms

  • ballgag
  • gagless
  • sight gag
  • running gag

Descendants

  • French: gag
  • Italian: gag
  • Spanish: gag

Translations

Verb

gag (third-person singular simple present gags, present participle gagging, simple past and past participle gagged)

  1. (intransitive) To experience the vomiting reflex.
  2. (transitive) To cause to heave with nausea.
    • 2008, Stephen King, “A Very Tight Place”
      His empty stomach was suddenly full of butterflies, and for the first time since arriving here at scenic Durkin Grove Village, he felt an urge to gag himself. He would be able to think more clearly about this if he just stuck his fingers down his throat []
  3. (transitive) To restrain someone’s speech by blocking his or her mouth.
  4. (transitive) To pry or hold open by means of a gag.
    • 1917, Francis Gregor (translator), De Laudibus Legum Angliae, Sir John Fortescue, written 1468–1471, first published 1543.
      [] some have their mouths gagged to such a wideness, for a long time, whereat such quantities of water are poured in, that their bellies swell to a prodigious degree []
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To restrain someone’s speech without using physical means.
    When the financial irregularities were discovered, the CEO gagged everyone in the accounting department.
    • c. 1840, Thomas Macaulay, Essay on Machiavelli
      The time was not yet come when eloquence was to be gagged, and reason to be hoodwinked.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To choke; to retch.
  7. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete, slang) To deceive (someone); to con.
    • 1777, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, p. 79:
      I endeavoured what I could to soften off the affectation of her sudden change of Disposition; and I gagged the Gentleman with as much ease as my very little ease would allow me to assume.

Derived terms

  • gag me with a spoon

Translations

Related terms

  • blech
  • retch

References

  • gag in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Further reading

  • gag at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • agg

French

Etymology

From English gag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaɡ/

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. joke

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English gag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɛɡ/

Noun

gag m (invariable)

  1. gag, joke
    Synonyms: scherzo, freddura; see also Thesaurus:battuta

References

Anagrams

  • agg.

Occitan

Pronunciation

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. jay

Romanian

Etymology

From French gag.

Noun

gag n (plural gaguri)

  1. joke

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From English gag.

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. gag (joke)

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /kaːk˧/
  • Tone numbers: gag8
  • Hyphenation: gag

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From 各?”)

Adverb

gag (Sawndip forms or or , old orthography gag)

  1. by oneself; alone
    Synonym: (dialectal) haek
  2. on one’s own; by oneself; without permission
    Synonym: (dialectal) gujgag
  3. just; only
Derived terms

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From 咯? 咳?”)

Verb

gag (old orthography gag)

  1. to eject; to cough up
    Synonym: (dialectal) gak


English

Etymology

From Middle English heven, hebben, from Old English hebban, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to take up, lift), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, from the root *keh₂p-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hiːv/
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Verb

heave (third-person singular simple present heaves, present participle heaving, simple past heaved or hove, past participle heaved or hove or hoven or heft)

  1. (transitive) To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift (a heavy thing).
    We heaved the chest-of-drawers on to the second-floor landing.
  2. (transitive) To throw, cast.
    They heaved rocks into the pond.
    The cap’n hove the body overboard.
  3. (intransitive) To rise and fall.
    Her chest heaved with emotion.
    • Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves.
  4. (transitive) To utter with effort.
    She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window.
  5. (transitive, nautical) To pull up with a rope or cable.
    Heave up the anchor there, boys!
  6. (transitive, archaic) To lift (generally); to raise, or cause to move upwards (particularly in ships or vehicles) or forwards.
    • 1647, Robert Herrick, Noble Numbers
      Here a little child I stand, / Heaving up my either hand.
  7. (intransitive) To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.
    • 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
      where heaves the turf in many a mouldering heap
    • 17 June, 1857, Edward Everett, The Statue of Warren
      the heaving sods of Bunker Hill
  8. (transitive, mining, geology) To displace (a vein, stratum).
  9. (transitive, now rare) To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions.
    The wind heaved the waves.
  10. (transitive, intransitive, nautical) To move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation.
    to heave the ship ahead
  11. (intransitive) To retch, to make an effort to vomit; to vomit.
    The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave.
  12. (intransitive) To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.
    • 1687, Francis Atterbury, a sermon, An Answer to some Considerations on the Spirit of Martin Luther, and the Original of the Reformation at Oxford
      She [The Church of England] had struggled and heaved at a reformation ever since Wickliff’s days.
  13. (obsolete, Britain, thieves’ cant) To rob; to steal from; to plunder.

Derived terms

  • heave in sight
  • heave to
  • overheave
  • two, six, heave or two six heave (see in Wikipedia)
  • upheave

Related terms

  • heavy
  • heft

Descendants

  • Danish: hive
  • Faroese: hiva
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hiva, hive
  • Norwegian Bokmål: hive
  • Scanian: hyva
    Hallandian: hiva
  • Swedish: hiva
    Sudermannian: hyva
  • Westrobothnian: hyv

Translations

Noun

heave (plural heaves)

  1. An effort to raise something, such as a weight or one’s own body, or to move something heavy.
  2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, etc.
  3. A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
  4. (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare pitch.
  5. An effort to vomit; retching.
  6. (rare, only used attributively as in “heave line” or “heave horse”) Broken wind in horses.
  7. (cricket) A forceful shot in which the ball follows a high trajectory

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • hevea

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