gag vs jest what difference

what is difference between gag and jest

English

Etymology

The verb is from 15th-century Middle English gaggen, Early Modern English gagge, possibly imitative or perhaps related to or influenced by Old Norse gag-háls (“with head thrown backwards”; > Norwegian dialectal gaga (bent backwards)). The intransitive sense “to retch” is from 1707.

The noun is from the 16th century, figurative use (for “repression of speech”) from the 1620s. The secondary meaning “(practical) joke” is from 1863, of unclear origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡæɡ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Noun

gag (plural gags)

  1. A device to restrain speech, such as a rag in the mouth secured with tape or a rubber ball threaded onto a cord or strap.
  2. (law) An order or rule forbidding discussion of a case or subject.
  3. (figuratively) Any suppression of freedom of speech.
  4. A joke or other mischievous prank.
  5. (film) a device or trick used to create a practical effect; a gimmick
  6. A convulsion of the upper digestive tract.
  7. (archaic) A mouthful that makes one retch or choke.
  8. Mycteroperca microlepis, a species of grouper.
    Synonym: gag grouper

Synonyms

  • (legal): gag order
  • (joke): See also Thesaurus:joke

Derived terms

  • ballgag
  • gagless
  • sight gag
  • running gag

Descendants

  • French: gag
  • Italian: gag
  • Spanish: gag

Translations

Verb

gag (third-person singular simple present gags, present participle gagging, simple past and past participle gagged)

  1. (intransitive) To experience the vomiting reflex.
  2. (transitive) To cause to heave with nausea.
    • 2008, Stephen King, “A Very Tight Place”
      His empty stomach was suddenly full of butterflies, and for the first time since arriving here at scenic Durkin Grove Village, he felt an urge to gag himself. He would be able to think more clearly about this if he just stuck his fingers down his throat []
  3. (transitive) To restrain someone’s speech by blocking his or her mouth.
  4. (transitive) To pry or hold open by means of a gag.
    • 1917, Francis Gregor (translator), De Laudibus Legum Angliae, Sir John Fortescue, written 1468–1471, first published 1543.
      [] some have their mouths gagged to such a wideness, for a long time, whereat such quantities of water are poured in, that their bellies swell to a prodigious degree []
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To restrain someone’s speech without using physical means.
    When the financial irregularities were discovered, the CEO gagged everyone in the accounting department.
    • c. 1840, Thomas Macaulay, Essay on Machiavelli
      The time was not yet come when eloquence was to be gagged, and reason to be hoodwinked.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To choke; to retch.
  7. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete, slang) To deceive (someone); to con.
    • 1777, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, p. 79:
      I endeavoured what I could to soften off the affectation of her sudden change of Disposition; and I gagged the Gentleman with as much ease as my very little ease would allow me to assume.

Derived terms

  • gag me with a spoon

Translations

Related terms

  • blech
  • retch

References

  • gag in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Further reading

  • gag at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • agg

French

Etymology

From English gag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaɡ/

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. joke

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English gag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɛɡ/

Noun

gag m (invariable)

  1. gag, joke
    Synonyms: scherzo, freddura; see also Thesaurus:battuta

References

Anagrams

  • agg.

Occitan

Pronunciation

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. jay

Romanian

Etymology

From French gag.

Noun

gag n (plural gaguri)

  1. joke

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From English gag.

Noun

gag m (plural gags)

  1. gag (joke)

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /kaːk˧/
  • Tone numbers: gag8
  • Hyphenation: gag

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From 各?”)

Adverb

gag (Sawndip forms or or , old orthography gag)

  1. by oneself; alone
    Synonym: (dialectal) haek
  2. on one’s own; by oneself; without permission
    Synonym: (dialectal) gujgag
  3. just; only
Derived terms

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From 咯? 咳?”)

Verb

gag (old orthography gag)

  1. to eject; to cough up
    Synonym: (dialectal) gak


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English geste (idle tale), from Old French geste (acts, exploits), from Latin gesta (acts, deeds). Doublet of gest.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jĕst, IPA(key): /dʒɛst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

jest (plural jests)

  1. (archaic) An act performed for amusement; a joke.
  2. (archaic) Someone or something that is ridiculed; the target of a joke.
    Your majesty, stop him before he makes you the jest of the court.
  3. (obsolete) A deed; an action; a gest.
    • 1540, Thomas Elyot, Image of Governance
      the jests or actions of princes
  4. (obsolete) A mask; a pageant; an interlude.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
    • 1592, Thomas Kyd, The Spanish Tragedy
      He promised us, in honour of our guest, / To grace our banquet with some pompous jest.
Synonyms
  • (joke): prank, gag, laughingstock, banter, crack, wisecrack, witticism
  • See also Thesaurus:joke
Translations

Verb

jest (third-person singular simple present jests, present participle jesting, simple past and past participle jested)

  1. To tell a joke; to talk in a playful manner; to make fun of something or someone.
    Surely you jest!
Synonyms
  • (to joke): banter, kid, mock, tease
Derived terms
  • jester
  • jestingly
Translations

See also

  • jest on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

Pronunciation spelling of just..

Adverb

jest (not comparable)

  1. (African-American Vernacular, Southern US) Alternative spelling of just

Anagrams

  • ESTJ, Jets, jets

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jest/
  • Homophone: gjest

Alternative forms

  • jester

Etymology

From Old Norse jǫstr, from Proto-Germanic *jestuz, whence English yeast.

Noun

jest m (definite singular jesten, indefinite plural jester, definite plural jestene)

  1. yeast
    Synonym: gjær

Related terms

  • ese

References

  • “jest” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “jest” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • jester
  • gjester (non-standard since 1938)

Etymology

From Old Norse jǫstr, from Proto-Germanic *jestuz, whence also English yeast.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɛst/ (example of pronunciation)
  • Homophone: gjest

Noun

jest m (definite singular jesten, indefinite plural jestar, definite plural jestane)

  1. yeast
    Synonym: gjær

Related terms

  • asa, ase
  • esa, ese

References

  • “jest” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɛst/

Verb

jest

  1. third-person singular present indicative of być; is
  2. (mathematics) is, equals (see also wynosi)

Serbo-Croatian

Verb

jest (Cyrillic spelling јест)

  1. third-person singular present of bȉti

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