gallantry vs politesse what difference

what is difference between gallantry and politesse

English

Etymology

From French galanterie, equivalent to gallant +‎ -ry.

Noun

gallantry (countable and uncountable, plural gallantries)

  1. courage
    • 1926, P. G. Wodehouse, ‘Lord Emsworth and the Girl Friend’, Penguin, Harmondsworth: 1992, p 98.
      ‘I have the greatest respect for the young lady to whom you refer. She behaved on a certain recent occasion – on two recent occasions – with notable gallantry and resource, and I won’t have her bally-ragged.’
  2. chivalrous courtliness, especially towards women
  3. an instance of gallant behaviour or speech

Synonyms

  • gallanthood
  • gallantness

Translations



English

Etymology

From French politesse, from Italian politezza, from polito, past participle of pulire (to clean), from Latin polire, present active infinite form of poliō (I polish).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɒlɪˈtɛs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɑləˈtɛs/

Noun

politesse (countable and uncountable, plural politesses)

  1. Civility, politeness, courtesy or gallantry; or an instance of this.

Translations


French

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian politezza.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɔ.li.tɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Noun

politesse f (plural politesses)

  1. politeness, courtesy
    Antonym: impolitesse
  2. polite remark/action

Derived terms

  • brûler la politesse

Related terms

  • poli

Descendants

  • English: politesse

Further reading

  • “politesse” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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