gas vs gasoline what difference

what is difference between gas and gasoline

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: găs, IPA(key): /ɡæs/
  • Rhymes: -æs

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Dutch gas [1650s], coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Derived from Dutch chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void, empty space); perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit).

Noun

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, chemistry) Matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid, or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly by deposition.
    Synonyms: vapor, vapour
    1. (uncountable) A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles, especially natural gas.
    2. (uncountable, military) Poison gas.
  2. (countable, chemistry) A chemical element or compound in such a state.
  3. (countable) A hob on a gas cooker.
  4. (uncountable) Methane or other waste gases trapped in one’s belly as a result of the digestive process; flatus.
    Synonym: wind
  5. (slang) A humorous or entertaining event or person.
    Synonym: fun
  6. (slang) Frothy talk; chatter.
  7. (baseball) A fastball.
  8. (medicine, colloquial) Arterial or venous blood gas.
  9. (slang, uncountable) Marijuana, typically of high quality.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • fluid
  • liquid
  • solid

Verb

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (transitive) To attack or kill with poison gas.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To talk in a boastful or vapid way; chatter.
    • 1955, C. S. Lewis, The Magician’s Nephew, Collins, 1998, Chapter 3,
      “Well don’t keep on gassing about it,” said Digory.
  3. (transitive, slang) To impose upon by talking boastfully.
  4. (intransitive) To emit gas.
  5. (transitive) To impregnate with gas.
  6. (transitive) To singe, as in a gas flame, so as to remove loose fibers.
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of gasoline.

Noun

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, Canada, US) Gasoline; a derivative of petroleum used as fuel.
    Synonyms: (US) gasoline, (British) petrol; see also Thesaurus:petroleum
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (US) To give a vehicle more fuel in order to accelerate it.
    Synonyms: hit the gas, step on the gas
  2. (US) To fill (a vehicle’s fuel tank) with fuel.
    Synonym: refuel
Derived terms
  • gas and dash
  • gas up
Translations

Etymology 3

Compare the slang usage of “a gas”, above.

Adjective

gas (comparative gasser, superlative gassest)

  1. (Ireland, colloquial) Comical, zany; fun, amusing.

Anagrams

  • AGS, AGs, Ags., GSA, SAG, SGA, Sag, sag

Afrikaans

Etymology 1

From Dutch gast.

Noun

gas (plural gaste)

  1. guest

Etymology 2

From Dutch gas.

Noun

gas (plural gasse)

  1. gas (substance in gaseous phase)

Basque

Noun

gas inan

  1. gas

Declension

Derived terms

  • gaseoso

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈɡas/

Noun

gas m (plural gasos)

  1. gas

Derived terms

Related terms

  • gasificar
  • gasolina

Further reading

  • “gas” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “gas” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “gas” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “gas” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣɑs/
  • Hyphenation: gas
  • Rhymes: -ɑs

Etymology 1

Coined by chemist Van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Noun

gas n (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. gas
  2. liquefied petroleum gas
    Synonyms: autogas, LPG
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: gas
  • English: gas
  • French: gaz
  • German: Gas
  • West Frisian: gas

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch gasse (unpaved street), from Middle High German gazze, from Old High German gazza, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ.

Noun

gas f (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. unpaved street

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

gas

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gassen
  2. imperative of gassen

Galician

Noun

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas
    Synonym: vapor

Derived terms

  • gas nobre

Related terms

  • gasoso

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kaːs/
  • Rhymes: -aːs

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Noun

gas n (genitive singular gass, nominative plural gös)

  1. gas (state of matter)
Declension
Derived terms
  • táragas

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French gaze.

Noun

gas n (genitive singular gass, no plural)

  1. gauze
Declension
Derived terms
  • gasbleia

Anagrams

  • sag

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch gas (gas), a term coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡas]
  • Hyphenation: gas

Noun

gas (plural gas-gas, first-person possessive gasku, second-person possessive gasmu, third-person possessive gasnya)

  1. gas,
    1. (chemistry, physics) Matter in a state intermediate between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid) (or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly.
    2. A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture (typically predominantly methane) used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles.

Derived terms

Compounds

Verb

gas

  1. (colloquial) to hit the gas, to accelerate.
    Synonym: mengegas

Further reading

  • “gas” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Interlingua

Noun

gas (plural gases)

  1. gas

Irish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (Munster) IPA(key): [ɡɑsˠ]
  • (Connacht, Ulster) IPA(key): [ɡasˠ]

Noun

gas m (genitive singular gais, nominative plural gais or gasa)

  1. stalk, stem
  2. sprig, shoot, frond
  3. (figuratively) stripling; scion

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

Further reading

  • “gas” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “gas” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “gas” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/

Noun

gas m (uncountable)

  1. gas (state of matter, petroleum)
  2. carbon dioxide (in fizzy drinks)
  3. petrol
    Synonym: benzina
  4. poison gas

Related terms

Further reading

  • gas in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin

Etymology

Coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont (appearing in his Ortus Medicinae as an invariable noun).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡas/, [ɡäs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ɡas/, [ɡɑs]

Noun

gas n (genitive gasis); third declension

  1. (physics) gas (state of matter)
    Synonyms: gasum, gasium

Declension

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).


Norman

Etymology

From Old French gars, nominative singular form of garçon.

Noun

gas m (plural gas)

  1. (Jersey) chap

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French gaze

Noun

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gaser, definite plural gasene)

  1. gauze

See also

  • gass
  • gås

References

  • “gas” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From French gaze

Noun

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gasar, definite plural gasane)

  1. gauze

See also

  • gass
  • gås

References

  • “gas” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • gōs

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *gans, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.

Noun

gās f

  1. a goose

Declension


Descendants

  • Low German: Goos

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse gás, from Proto-Germanic *gans.

Noun

gās f

  1. goose

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: gås

Rohingya

Etymology

From Sanskrit.

Noun

gas

  1. tree

Romagnol

Etymology

From Dutch gas (gas), invented by Jan Baptiste van Helmont, from Latin chaos (chaos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡas/

Noun

gas m (plural ghës)

  1. gas

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡâːs/

Noun

gȃs m (Cyrillic spelling га̑с)

  1. (chiefly Bosnia, Serbia or colloquial) gas (state of matter)
    Synonym: (Croatian) plȋn
  2. gas (as fuel for combustion engines)
  3. (figuratively) acceleration
    • dȁti gȃs – “give gas”: accelerate
  4. gas pedal, accelerator

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch gas, coined by Belgian chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by Middle Dutch gheest (Modern Dutch geest (breath, vapour, spirit), or from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/, [ˈɡas]

Noun

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas (matter between liquid and plasma)
  2. gas (an element or compound in such a state)
  3. gas (flammable gas used for combustion)
  4. (in the plural) gas (waste gases trapped in one’s belly)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • gasolina

Further reading

  • “gas” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Anagrams

  • ags, Ags

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑːs/

Noun

gas c

  1. gas; a state of matter
  2. gas; a compound or element in such a state
  3. gas; gaseous fuels
  4. (plural only: gaser) gas; waste gas

Declension

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • ags, asg

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaːs/

Verb

gas

  1. Soft mutation of cas.

Mutation


West Frisian

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔs/

Noun

gas n (plural gassen)

  1. gas

Further reading

  • “gas”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Westrobothnian

Pronunciation 1

  • IPA(key): /ɡjäːs/

Noun

gas n

  1. Romping, cry (of joy.)
Related terms

Pronunciation 2

  • IPA(key): /ɡoːs/, /ɡɒːs/, /ɡɑːs/

Noun

gas f

  1. Goose.
  2. A round piece of butter with a depression created with the thumb.
  3. = klening m
Derived terms



English

Alternative forms

  • gasolene (archaic in America, but not in Jamaica)

Etymology

From Cazeline (possibly influenced by Gazeline, the name of an Irish copy), a brand of petroleum-derived lighting oil, from the surname of the man who first marketed it in 1862, John Cassell, and the suffix –eline. The name Cassell is from Anglo-Norman castel (cognate of English castle), from Old French castel, from Latin castellum, diminutive of castrum. The suffix -eline is from Ancient Greek ἔλαιον (élaion, oil, olive oil), from ἐλαία (elaía, olive). Gasolene is found from 1863, and gasoline from 1864.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɡæs.ə.lin/
    • (US, dialectal) IPA(key): /ɡæsl̩ˈin/, /ɡæsˈlin/, [ɡæˈsɵlin], [ɡæsɵˈlin]
  • Rhymes: -iːn

Noun

gasoline (usually uncountable, plural gasolines)

  1. (uncountable, Canada, US) A flammable liquid consisting of a mixture of refined petroleum hydrocarbons, mainly used as a motor fuel; petrol.
  2. (countable) Any specific kind of gasoline.

Usage notes

Gasoline is defined by its combustion properties rather than by chemical composition, which is quite variable.

Synonyms

  • gas (North America)
  • petrol (UK, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa)

Derived terms

  • gas (North America)

Translations

Descendants

  • Spanish: gasolina
    • Cebuano: gasolina
    • Tagalog: gasolina
    • Zoogocho Zapotec: gasolin

Adjective

gasoline (not comparable)

  1. Made from or using gasoline.

References


Italian

Noun

gasoline f

  1. plural of gasolina

Anagrams

  • angolesi, lisogena, segalino

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