gas vs gun what difference

what is difference between gas and gun

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: găs, IPA(key): /ɡæs/
  • Rhymes: -æs

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Dutch gas [1650s], coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Derived from Dutch chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void, empty space); perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit).

Noun

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, chemistry) Matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid, or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly by deposition.
    Synonyms: vapor, vapour
    1. (uncountable) A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles, especially natural gas.
    2. (uncountable, military) Poison gas.
  2. (countable, chemistry) A chemical element or compound in such a state.
  3. (countable) A hob on a gas cooker.
  4. (uncountable) Methane or other waste gases trapped in one’s belly as a result of the digestive process; flatus.
    Synonym: wind
  5. (slang) A humorous or entertaining event or person.
    Synonym: fun
  6. (slang) Frothy talk; chatter.
  7. (baseball) A fastball.
  8. (medicine, colloquial) Arterial or venous blood gas.
  9. (slang, uncountable) Marijuana, typically of high quality.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • fluid
  • liquid
  • solid

Verb

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (transitive) To attack or kill with poison gas.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To talk in a boastful or vapid way; chatter.
    • 1955, C. S. Lewis, The Magician’s Nephew, Collins, 1998, Chapter 3,
      “Well don’t keep on gassing about it,” said Digory.
  3. (transitive, slang) To impose upon by talking boastfully.
  4. (intransitive) To emit gas.
  5. (transitive) To impregnate with gas.
  6. (transitive) To singe, as in a gas flame, so as to remove loose fibers.
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of gasoline.

Noun

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, Canada, US) Gasoline; a derivative of petroleum used as fuel.
    Synonyms: (US) gasoline, (British) petrol; see also Thesaurus:petroleum
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (US) To give a vehicle more fuel in order to accelerate it.
    Synonyms: hit the gas, step on the gas
  2. (US) To fill (a vehicle’s fuel tank) with fuel.
    Synonym: refuel
Derived terms
  • gas and dash
  • gas up
Translations

Etymology 3

Compare the slang usage of “a gas”, above.

Adjective

gas (comparative gasser, superlative gassest)

  1. (Ireland, colloquial) Comical, zany; fun, amusing.

Anagrams

  • AGS, AGs, Ags., GSA, SAG, SGA, Sag, sag

Afrikaans

Etymology 1

From Dutch gast.

Noun

gas (plural gaste)

  1. guest

Etymology 2

From Dutch gas.

Noun

gas (plural gasse)

  1. gas (substance in gaseous phase)

Basque

Noun

gas inan

  1. gas

Declension

Derived terms

  • gaseoso

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈɡas/

Noun

gas m (plural gasos)

  1. gas

Derived terms

Related terms

  • gasificar
  • gasolina

Further reading

  • “gas” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “gas” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “gas” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “gas” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣɑs/
  • Hyphenation: gas
  • Rhymes: -ɑs

Etymology 1

Coined by chemist Van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Noun

gas n (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. gas
  2. liquefied petroleum gas
    Synonyms: autogas, LPG
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: gas
  • English: gas
  • French: gaz
  • German: Gas
  • West Frisian: gas

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch gasse (unpaved street), from Middle High German gazze, from Old High German gazza, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ.

Noun

gas f (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. unpaved street

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

gas

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gassen
  2. imperative of gassen

Galician

Noun

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas
    Synonym: vapor

Derived terms

  • gas nobre

Related terms

  • gasoso

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kaːs/
  • Rhymes: -aːs

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Noun

gas n (genitive singular gass, nominative plural gös)

  1. gas (state of matter)
Declension
Derived terms
  • táragas

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French gaze.

Noun

gas n (genitive singular gass, no plural)

  1. gauze
Declension
Derived terms
  • gasbleia

Anagrams

  • sag

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch gas (gas), a term coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡas]
  • Hyphenation: gas

Noun

gas (plural gas-gas, first-person possessive gasku, second-person possessive gasmu, third-person possessive gasnya)

  1. gas,
    1. (chemistry, physics) Matter in a state intermediate between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid) (or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly.
    2. A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture (typically predominantly methane) used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles.

Derived terms

Compounds

Verb

gas

  1. (colloquial) to hit the gas, to accelerate.
    Synonym: mengegas

Further reading

  • “gas” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Interlingua

Noun

gas (plural gases)

  1. gas

Irish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (Munster) IPA(key): [ɡɑsˠ]
  • (Connacht, Ulster) IPA(key): [ɡasˠ]

Noun

gas m (genitive singular gais, nominative plural gais or gasa)

  1. stalk, stem
  2. sprig, shoot, frond
  3. (figuratively) stripling; scion

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

Further reading

  • “gas” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “gas” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “gas” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/

Noun

gas m (uncountable)

  1. gas (state of matter, petroleum)
  2. carbon dioxide (in fizzy drinks)
  3. petrol
    Synonym: benzina
  4. poison gas

Related terms

Further reading

  • gas in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin

Etymology

Coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont (appearing in his Ortus Medicinae as an invariable noun).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡas/, [ɡäs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ɡas/, [ɡɑs]

Noun

gas n (genitive gasis); third declension

  1. (physics) gas (state of matter)
    Synonyms: gasum, gasium

Declension

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).


Norman

Etymology

From Old French gars, nominative singular form of garçon.

Noun

gas m (plural gas)

  1. (Jersey) chap

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French gaze

Noun

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gaser, definite plural gasene)

  1. gauze

See also

  • gass
  • gås

References

  • “gas” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From French gaze

Noun

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gasar, definite plural gasane)

  1. gauze

See also

  • gass
  • gås

References

  • “gas” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • gōs

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *gans, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.

Noun

gās f

  1. a goose

Declension


Descendants

  • Low German: Goos

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse gás, from Proto-Germanic *gans.

Noun

gās f

  1. goose

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: gås

Rohingya

Etymology

From Sanskrit.

Noun

gas

  1. tree

Romagnol

Etymology

From Dutch gas (gas), invented by Jan Baptiste van Helmont, from Latin chaos (chaos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡas/

Noun

gas m (plural ghës)

  1. gas

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡâːs/

Noun

gȃs m (Cyrillic spelling га̑с)

  1. (chiefly Bosnia, Serbia or colloquial) gas (state of matter)
    Synonym: (Croatian) plȋn
  2. gas (as fuel for combustion engines)
  3. (figuratively) acceleration
    • dȁti gȃs – “give gas”: accelerate
  4. gas pedal, accelerator

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch gas, coined by Belgian chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by Middle Dutch gheest (Modern Dutch geest (breath, vapour, spirit), or from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/, [ˈɡas]

Noun

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas (matter between liquid and plasma)
  2. gas (an element or compound in such a state)
  3. gas (flammable gas used for combustion)
  4. (in the plural) gas (waste gases trapped in one’s belly)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • gasolina

Further reading

  • “gas” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Anagrams

  • ags, Ags

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑːs/

Noun

gas c

  1. gas; a state of matter
  2. gas; a compound or element in such a state
  3. gas; gaseous fuels
  4. (plural only: gaser) gas; waste gas

Declension

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • ags, asg

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaːs/

Verb

gas

  1. Soft mutation of cas.

Mutation


West Frisian

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔs/

Noun

gas n (plural gassen)

  1. gas

Further reading

  • “gas”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Westrobothnian

Pronunciation 1

  • IPA(key): /ɡjäːs/

Noun

gas n

  1. Romping, cry (of joy.)
Related terms

Pronunciation 2

  • IPA(key): /ɡoːs/, /ɡɒːs/, /ɡɑːs/

Noun

gas f

  1. Goose.
  2. A round piece of butter with a depression created with the thumb.
  3. = klening m
Derived terms



English

Etymology 1

From Middle English gunne, gonne, from Lady Gunilda, a huge crossbow with a powerful shot, with the second part of the term being of Old Norse origin. It was later used to denote firearms. The name Gunnhildr and its multiple variations are derived from Old Norse gunnr (battle, war) + hildr (battle), which makes it a pleonasm. In the given context the woman’s name means battle maid. See also Hilda, Gunilda, Gunhild, Gunhilda, Gunnhildr.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: gŭn, IPA(key): /ɡʌn/
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

gun (plural guns)

  1. A device for projecting a hard object very forcefully; a firearm or cannon.
    Looking for wild meat to fill his family’s freezer for the winter, the young man quietly raised up his gun at the approaching deer.
    1. A very portable, short firearm, for hand use, which fires bullets or projectiles, such as a handgun, revolver, pistol, or Derringer.
    2. A less portable, long firearm, bullet- or projectile-firing; a rifle, either manual, automatic or semi-automatic; a flintlock, musket or shotgun.
    3. (military) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity.
    4. (military) A cannon with a 6-inch/155mm minimum nominal bore diameter and tube length 30 calibers or more. See also: howitzer; mortar.
    5. (figuratively) A firearm or cannon used for saluting or signalling.Wp
      • It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. []. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
  2. A device operated by a trigger and acting in a manner similar to a firearm.
    1. Any implement designed to fire a projectile from a tube.
    2. A device or tool that projects a substance.
    3. A device or tool that applies something rather than projecting it.
  3. (surfing) A long surfboard designed for surfing big waves (not the same as a longboard, a gun has a pointed nose and is generally a little narrower).
    • 2000, Drew Kampion, surfline.com
      by the winter of 1962, the Brewer Surfboards Hawaii gun was the most in-demand big-wave equipment on the North Shore.
  4. (cellular automata) A pattern that “fires” out other patterns.
    • 2010, Andrew Adamatzky, Game of Life Cellular Automata, p.74:
      Greene’s period-416 2c/5 spaceship gun
  5. (colloquial, metonymically) A person who carries or uses a rifle, shotgun or handgun.
  6. (television) An electron gun.
    • 2012, Brand Fortner, ‎Theodore E. Meyer, Number by Colors (page 202)
      The problem is figuring out how to get the electrons from the red gun to hit only the red phosphors, the electrons from the blue gun to hit only the blue phosphors, and so on.
  7. (colloquial, usually in the plural) The biceps.
  8. (nautical, in the plural) Violent blasts of wind.
  9. (colloquial) An expert.
  10. (Australia, slang) Someone excellent, surpassingly wonderful, or cool.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Sranan Tongo: gon
Translations

Verb

gun (third-person singular simple present guns, present participle gunning, simple past and past participle gunned)

  1. (with “down”) To shoot someone or something, either literally (with a firearm) or figuratively (such as to put an end to something).
    He gunned down the hitmen.
    The CEO gunned down that idea before we could present it to the board.
  2. To speed something up.
    He gunned the engine.
  3. To offer vigorous support to a person or cause.
    He’s gunning for you.
  4. To seek to attack someone; to take aim at someone.
    He’s been gunning for you ever since you embarrassed him at the party.
  5. To practice fowling or hunting small game; chiefly in participial form: to go gunning.
  6. (transitive, intransitive, prison slang) To masturbate while observing and visible to a corrections officer.
    • 2010, BNA’s Employment Discrimination Report
      [] all inmates participated in such conduct, and [] “the inmates gunned only female staff, not the all-male security staff,” he said.
Derived terms
  • gun down
  • gun it
  • outgun
Translations

Etymology 2

From gunna, from gonna, from going to

Verb

gun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of going to.
    I’m gun go get da gun from da closet.

References

Anagrams

  • GNU, Ngu, UNG, Ung, gnu, nug

Bissa

Noun

gun

  1. night

Cornish

Noun

gun f (plural gonyow)

  1. plain

Dongxiang

Etymology

From Proto-Mongolic *gün, compare Mongolian гүн (gün).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kuŋ/, [kũ(ŋ)]

Adjective

gun

  1. deep

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣʏn/

Verb

gun

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gunnen
  2. imperative of gunnen

Japanese

Romanization

gun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぐん

Jingpho

Etymology

Borrowed from Burmese ကုန် (kun)

Noun

gun

  1. goods for sale

References

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[2], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

Mandarin

Romanization

gun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gǔn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gùn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx

Noun

gun m (genitive singular gunney, plural gunnaghyn)

  1. Alternative form of gunn

Middle English

Noun

gun

  1. Alternative form of gunne

Northern Kurdish

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ʊn

Noun

gun m

  1. testicle, ball, bollock, egg, nut, orchis, testis

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology 1

From Old Irish co.

Alternative forms

  • gu
  • gum

Conjunction

gun

  1. that
    an t-amadan sin gun do thagh thu – That fool that you voted for
    am fear gum pòs aig an deireadh na mìosa – that man that will marry at the end of the month
    an taigh gu bheil aice – that house that she has

Etymology 2

From Old Irish cen.

Preposition

gun

  1. without
    gun teagamh – without a doubt

Synonyms

  • às aonais

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

gun

  1. neither…nor
    • 1911 (Birlinn Limited), Edward Dwelly: The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary:

Usage notes

  • Triggers lenition

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