gauche vs graceless what difference

what is difference between gauche and graceless

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French gauche (left, awkward), from gauchir (to veer, turn), from Old French gaucher (to trample, walk clumsily), from Frankish *walkan (to full, trample), from Proto-Germanic *walkaną (to full, roll up). Akin to Old High German walchan (to knead), Old English wealcian (to roll up, curl) and English walk, Old Norse valka (to drag about). More at walk.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡəʊʃ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡoʊʃ/
    (chemistry sense only) IPA(key): /ɡaʊʃ/, /ɡoʊʃ/
  • Rhymes: -əʊʃ

Adjective

gauche (comparative more gauche, superlative most gauche)

  1. Awkward or lacking in social graces; bumbling.
    • 1836, Samuel Griswold Goodrich, The Outcast and Other Poems, “The Spirit Court of Practice and Pretence”. page 102
      Seeking by vulgar pomp and gauche display
      In ‘good society’, to make her way
    • 1879, George Meredith, The Egoist, chapter XLVI
      She looked a trifle gauche, it struck me; more like a country girl with the hoyden taming in her than the well-bred creature she is.
    • 1895, H.G. Wells, The Wonderful Visit, Chapter 18:
      “He’s a trifle gauche” said Lady Hammergallow, jumping upon the Vicar’s attention. “He neither bows nor smiles. He must cultivate oddities like that. Every successful executant is more or less gauche.”
  2. (mathematics, archaic) Skewed, not plane.
  3. (chemistry) Describing a torsion angle of 60°.

Synonyms

  • (lacking in social graces): graceless, tactless, unsophisticated, unpolished, gawky

Antonyms

  • (lacking in social graces): adroit

Translations

Anagrams

  • guache

French

Etymology

From gauchir (warp, distort), a conflation of Old French gauchier (tread) (from Frankish *walkijan, *walkan, cognate with English walk) + Old French guenchir (deviate) (from Frankish *wenkijan (to sway, falter)). Gauche replaced the original word for “left”, senestre, in the sixteenth century.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡoʃ/

Adjective

gauche (plural gauches)

  1. left
  2. awkward, gawky
  3. clumsy

Noun

gauche f (plural gauches)

  1. the left, the left-hand side

gauche m (plural gauches)

  1. (boxing) a left-hander, a southpaw

Antonyms

  • (left): droite

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “gauche” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Norman

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Noun

gauche f (plural gauches)

  1. (Jersey) left


English

Etymology

From Middle English graceles; equivalent to grace +‎ -less.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɹeɪsləs/

Adjective

graceless (comparative more graceless, superlative most graceless)

  1. Without grace.
    • 1881, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Sonnet XXXII, “Equal Troth,” in The House of Life, [1]:
      Not by one measure mayst thou mete our love; / For how should I be loved as I love thee? — / I, graceless, joyless, lacking absolutely / All gifts that with thy queenship best behove; — []
    • 1972, Roland Barthes, “Toys” in Mythologies (1957), translated by Annette Lavers, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, p. 54,
      Current toys are made of a graceless material, the product of chemistry, not of nature.
    • 1995, Susan Sontag, “The Art of Fiction No. 143,” Interview with Edward Hirsch published in The Paris Review, No. 137, Winter, 1995, p. 7,
      [Hirsch:] Do you mind being called an intellectual? [Sontag:] Well, one never likes to be called anything. [] I suppose there will always be a presumption of graceless oddity—especially if one is a woman.
  2. Lacking gracefulness.
    • 1961, Irving Stone, The Agony and the Ecstasy, New York: Signet, p. 64,
      The boy sketched his roughhewn young contadino just in from the fields, naked except for his brache, kneeling to take off his clodhoppers; the flesh tones a sunburned amber, the figure clumsy, with graceless bumpkin muscles; but the face transfused with light as the young lad gazed up at John.
  3. Without the grace of God.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      For it was approaching that uncanny time of year, the festival of Beltane, when the auld pagans were wont to sacrifice to their god Baal. In this season warlocks and carlines have a special dispensation to do evil, and Alison waited on its coming with graceless joy.
  4. (archaic) Unfortunate.

Synonyms

  • clumsy

Antonyms

  • graceful

Derived terms

  • gracelessly
  • gracelessness

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