gazump vs pluck what difference

what is difference between gazump and pluck

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡəˈzʌmp/
  • (General American) enPR: gə-zŭmpʹ, IPA(key): /ɡəˈzʌmp/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp
  • Hyphenation: ga‧zump

Etymology 1

Possibly from Yiddish גזלן(gazlen, thief, bandit).

Alternative forms

  • gazoomph
  • gazumph

Verb

gazump (third-person singular simple present gazumps, present participle gazumping, simple past and past participle gazumped)

  1. (Britain) To swindle; to extort.
  2. (Britain, Australia, real estate) To raise the selling price of something (especially property) after previously agreeing to a lower one.
  3. (Britain, Australia, real estate) To buy a property by bidding more than the price of an existing, accepted offer.
  4. (Britain, Australia) To trump or preempt; to reap the benefit underhandedly from a situation that someone else has worked to create.

Noun

gazump (plural gazumps)

  1. (Britain, Australia, real estate) The act of gazumping.

See also

  • gazunder

Etymology 2

Noun

gazump (plural gazumps)

  1. (US, slang, dated) An automobile.
  2. A politician who takes bribes.
    • 1918, The National provisioner, Volume 59, page 36,
      This year’s crop of “nite bloomin’ wood-be mayors” includes such famous gazumps as Mac Hoyne, Tom Carey, Barney Mullaney, possibly Carter H., Wilhelm Thompson, and the devil knows who else.


English

Etymology

From Middle English plucken, plukken, plockien, from Old English pluccian, ploccian (to pluck, pull away, tear), also Old English plyċċan (“to pluck, pull, snatch; pluck with desire”; > Modern English plitch), from Proto-Germanic *plukkōną, *plukkijaną (to pluck), of uncertain and disputed origin. Perhaps related to Old English pullian (to pull, draw; pluck off; snatch). Cognate with Saterland Frisian plukje (to pluck), Dutch plukken (to pluck), Limburgish plógte (to pluck), Low German plukken (to pluck), German pflücken (to pluck, pick), Danish and Norwegian plukke (to pick), Swedish plocka (to pick, pluck, cull), Icelandic plokka, plukka (to pluck, pull). More at pull.

An alternate etymology suggests Proto-Germanic *plukkōną, *plukkijaną may have been borrowed from an assumed Vulgar Latin *piluccāre, *pilicāre, a derivative of Latin pilāre (to deprive of hair, make bald, depilate), from pilus (hair). The Oxford English Dictionary, however, finds difficulties with this and cites gaps in historical evidence.

The noun sense of “heart, liver, and lights of an animal” comes from it being plucked out of the carcass after the animal is killed; the sense of “fortitude, boldness” derives from this meaning, originally being a boxing slang denoting a prize-ring, with semantic development from “heart”, the symbol of courage, to “fortitude, boldness”.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /plʌk/
  • Rhymes: -ʌk

Verb

pluck (third-person singular simple present plucks, present participle plucking, simple past and past participle plucked or (obsolete) pluckt)

  1. (transitive) To pull something sharply; to pull something out
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Ch.I:
      The girl stooped to pluck a rose, and as she bent over it, her profile was clearly outlined.
  2. (transitive) To take or remove (someone) quickly from a particular place or situation.
  3. (transitive, music) To gently play a single string, e.g. on a guitar, violin etc.
  4. (transitive) To remove feathers from a bird.
  5. (transitive, now rare) To rob, steal from; to cheat or swindle (someone).
    • 1796, Mary Wollstonecraft, Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Oxford 2009, p. 64:
      Indeed they seem to consider foreigners as strangers whom they should never see again, and might fairly pluck.
  6. (transitive) To play a string instrument pizzicato.
  7. (intransitive) To pull or twitch sharply.
  8. (Britain, college slang, obsolete) To be rejected after failing an examination for a degree.
  9. Of a glacier: to transport individual pieces of bedrock by means of gradual erosion through freezing and thawing.

Derived terms

  • plucker
  • plucking
  • pluck up

Translations

Noun

pluck (countable and uncountable, plural plucks)

  1. An instance of plucking or pulling sharply.
    • 2006, Tom Cunliffe, Complete Yachtmaster (page 40)
      If you find yourself in this position, there is nothing for it but to haul out using external assistance. This may be from a friend who will give you a pluck off the wall, or you may be able to manage from your own resources.
  2. The lungs, heart with trachea and often oesophagus removed from slaughtered animals.
  3. (informal, figuratively, uncountable) Guts, nerve, fortitude or persistence.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:courage
  4. (African-American Vernacular, slang, uncountable) Cheap wine.
    Synonym: plonk

Derived terms

  • plucky

Translations

References

  • pluck in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • pluck in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “pluck”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • Anagrams

    • UK plc

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