genial vs mental what difference

what is difference between genial and mental

English

Etymology 1

From Middle French génial, from Latin geniālis (of or pertaining to marriage; festive, genial), from genius (guardian spirit) + -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdʒiːnɪəl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdʒinjəl/, /-ni.əl/
  • Hyphenation: ge‧ni‧al

Adjective

genial (comparative more genial, superlative most genial)

  1. Friendly and cheerful.
  2. (especially of weather) Pleasantly mild and warm.
  3. Marked by genius.
    • 1826, Julius Hare, Guesses at Truth by Two Brothers
      Men of genius have so often attacht the highest value to their less genial works.
    • 2003, Laura Fermi, Gilberto Bernardini, Galileo and the Scientific Revolution, Courier Dover Publications, page 111 [1]:
      About fifty years later, in 1675, the Danish astronomer Ole Roemer (1644-1710) had the genial idea of using astronomical rather than terrestrial distances.
  4. (archaic) Contributing to, or concerned in, propagation or production; generative; procreative; productive.
    • Creator Venus, genial power of love.
  5. (obsolete) Belonging to one’s genius or natural character; native; natural; inborn.
Derived terms
  • congenial
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek γένειον (géneion, chin) + -al.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dʒɪˈnʌɪəl/, /-ˈniːəl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dʒəˈnaɪəl/, /-ˈni.əl/
  • Hyphenation: ge‧ni‧al

Adjective

genial (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Relating to the chin; genian.

Anagrams

  • Eaglin, Ealing, Neglia, igneal, linage

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin geniālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /ʒə.niˈal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /d͡ʒe.niˈal/

Adjective

genial (masculine and feminine plural genials)

  1. genius
  2. brilliant, great

Derived terms

  • genialment

Related terms

  • geni
  • genialitat

Further reading

  • “genial” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

German

Etymology

Shortening of earlier genialisch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡeˈni̯aːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

genial (comparative genialer, superlative am genialsten)

  1. genius, ingenious, genial (in the sense of genius)
  2. (colloquial) excellent
    Synonyms: klasse, hervorragend

Declension

Derived terms

  • kongenial

Further reading

  • “genial” in Duden online

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin genialis

Adjective

genial (neuter singular genialt, definite singular and plural geniale)

  1. ingenious, brilliant

Related terms

  • geni

References

  • “genial” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin genialis

Adjective

genial (neuter singular genialt, definite singular and plural geniale)

  1. ingenious, brilliant

Related terms

  • geni

References

  • “genial” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Adjective

genial m or f (plural geniais, comparable)

  1. genial (marked by genius)
  2. genius (very clever)

Romanian

Etymology

From French génial.

Adjective

genial m or n (feminine singular genială, masculine plural geniali, feminine and neuter plural geniale)

  1. (literally) ingenious, characteristic of a genius
  2. (informal) great, fantastic, awesome

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin geniālis (of or relating to marriage; festive, genial), from genius (guardian spirit) + -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xeˈnjal/, [xeˈnjal]

Adjective

genial (plural geniales)

  1. great, cool, neat
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:guay
  2. splendid, gorgeous
    Synonym: espléndido
  3. ingenious
    Synonym: ingenioso
  4. genial, pleasant

Derived terms

  • genialmente

Related terms

  • genialidad
  • genio

Further reading

  • “genial” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛn.təl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛntəl

Etymology 1

Borrowing from Middle French mental, from Late Latin mentālis, from mēns (mind, disposition; heart, soul) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjectival suffix).

Adjective

mental (comparative more mental, superlative most mental)

  1. (relational) Of or relating to the mind or specifically the total emotional and intellectual response of an individual to external reality.
    1. Of or relating to intellectual as contrasted with emotional activity.
    2. Of, relating to, or being intellectual as contrasted with overt physical activity.
    3. Occurring or experienced in the mind.
      Synonym: inner
    4. Relating to the mind, its activity, or its products as an object of study.
      Synonym: ideological
    5. Relating to spirit or idea as opposed to matter.
  2. Of, relating to, or affected by a psychiatric disorder.
    1. (relational) Intended for the care or treatment of persons affected by psychiatric disorders.
    2. (colloquial, Britain, dated in the US, comparable) Mentally disordered; insane, mad, crazy.
  3. (colloquial, Britain, comparable) Enjoyable or fun, especially in a frenetic way.
  4. Of or relating to telepathic or mind-reading powers.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

c. 1727, from Latin mentum (the chin) +‎ -al.

Adjective

mental (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy, relational) Of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw, genial.
    Synonyms: genial, genian
  2. (biology, relational) Of or relating to the chinlike or liplike structure.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

mental (plural mentals)

  1. (zootomy) A plate or scale covering the mentum or chin of a fish or reptile.

References

  • “mental”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • “mental”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

Further reading

  • mental in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • mental in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Lament., Mantle, lament, manlet, mantel, mantle

Asturian

Etymology

From Late Latin mentālis from Latin mēns; equivalent to mente +‎ -al.

Adjective

mental (epicene, plural mentales)

  1. mental

Related terms

  • mente

Catalan

Etymology

From Late Latin mentālis, from Latin mēns; equivalent to ment +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /mənˈtal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /menˈtal/

Adjective

mental (masculine and feminine plural mentals)

  1. mental

Derived terms

  • mentalitat
  • mentalment

Related terms

  • ment

Further reading

  • “mental” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “mental” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “mental” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “mental” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Cebuano

Etymology

Borrowed from English mental hospital.

Noun

mental

  1. A hospital facility designed to treat persons with serious mental disorders, as opposed to disorders of the body; a mental hospital.

Verb

mental

  1. To send or commit to a mental hospital.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin mentālis (of the mind, mental), from Latin mēns.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mɑ̃.tal/

Adjective

mental (feminine singular mentale, masculine plural mentaux, feminine plural mentales)

  1. mental (relating to the mind)

Derived terms

Noun

mental m (uncountable)

  1. mind
    Elle a un mental d’acier.

Further reading

  • “mental” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • lament, mêlant

Galician

Etymology

From Late Latin mentālis, from Latin mēns; equivalent to mente +‎ -al.

Adjective

mental m or f (plural mentais)

  1. mental

Derived terms

  • mentalmente

Related terms

  • mente

German

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin mentālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [mɛnˈtaːl]
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

mental (not comparable)

  1. mental

Declension


Indonesian

Etymology 1

From Dutch mentaal, from Middle French mental, from Late Latin mentālis (of the mind, mental), from Latin mēns (the mind).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɛntal]
  • Hyphenation: mèn‧tal

Adjective

mental

  1. mental: of or relating to the mind or an intellectual process.

Noun

mental

  1. mind.
    Synonyms: batin, watak

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Betawi mental. Doublet of pental.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [mənˈtal]
  • Hyphenation: men‧tal

Verb

mêntal

  1. to bounce off
    Synonyms: terpelanting, terpental
  2. to backfire

Etymology 3

From Sundanese mental.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [mənˈtal]
  • Hyphenation: men‧tal

Adjective

mêntal

  1. useless.

Further reading

  • “mental” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin mentalis, from mens.

Adjective

mental (neuter singular mentalt, definite singular and plural mentale)

  1. mental

References

  • “mental” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin mentalis, from mens.

Adjective

mental (neuter singular mentalt, definite singular and plural mentale)

  1. mental

References

  • “mental” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Late Latin mentālis, from Latin mēns; equivalent to mente +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /mẽ.ˈtaɫ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /mẽ.ˈtaw/
  • Hyphenation: men‧tal

Adjective

mental m or f (plural mentais, comparable)

  1. mental

Derived terms

  • mentalmente

Related terms

  • mente

Romanian

Adjective

mental m or n (feminine singular mentală, masculine plural mentali, feminine and neuter plural mentale)

  1. Alternative form of mintal

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Late Latin mentālis, from Latin mēns; equivalent to mente +‎ -al.

Adjective

mental (plural mentales)

  1. mental

Derived terms

Related terms

  • mente
  • mentalidad

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin mentalis, from Latin mens.

Adjective

mental

  1. mental, pertaining to the mind

Declension

Related terms

  • mentalpatient
  • mentalsjuk
  • mentalsjukhus

Anagrams

  • mantel

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