what is difference between gentile and goy
Borrowed from French gentil (“gentile”), from Latin gentīlis (“of or belonging to the same people or nation”), a semantic loan from Hebrew גוי, morphologically from gēns (“clan; tribe; people, family”) + adjective suffix -īlis (“-ile”). Doublet of gentle and genteel. See also gens, gender, genus, and generation.
- IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛntaɪl/
- Rhymes: -aɪl
- Hyphenation: gen‧tile
gentile (not comparable)
- Heathen, pagan.
- Relating to a clan, tribe, or nation; clannish, tribal, national.
- Of or pertaining to a gens or several gentes.
- (grammar) Of a part of speech such as an adjective, noun or verb: relating to a particular city, nation or country.
gentile (plural gentiles)
- A non-Jewish person.
- (grammar) A noun derived from a proper noun which denotes something belonging to or coming from a particular city, nation, or country.
- (grammar): noun
- (grammar): patronymic
- IPA(key): /d͡ʒenˈti.le/
Borrowed from Latin gentīlis.
gentile (plural gentili, superlative gentilissimo)
- kind, courteous
- gentile1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana
From Latin gentīlis (“heathen, pagan”).
gentile m (plural gentili)
- gentile (a non-Jewish person)
gentile (plural gentili)
- (literary) gentile (non-Jewish)
- gentile2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡenˈtiː.le/, [ɡɛn̪ˈt̪iːɫ̪ɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡ʒenˈti.le/, [d͡ʒɛn̪ˈt̪iːlɛ]
- nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of gentīlis
- gentile in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- absolute definite natural masculine singular of gentil.
- goi, Goi
Borrowed from Yiddish גוי (goy, “gentile”), from Hebrew גּוֹי (goi, “nation”).
Compare Exodus 19:6: ממלכת כהנים וגוי קדוש (mamlekhet kohanim wegoy qadosh, “ […] a kingdom of priests and a holy nation”) (referring to the Jewish people). The word goy technically refers not to non-Jews, but rather to a nation per se; the Jews are said to constitute a “goy”. But through common usage – namely referring to “the [other non-Jewish] nations” – the word came to colloquially refer to non-Jews.
- IPA(key): /ɡɔɪ/
- Rhymes: -ɔɪ
goy (plural goyim or goys or goyem)
- A non-Jew, a gentile. (See usage notes)
- Synonyms: akum, gentile, shegetz, shkotz
- Hyponym: (female) shiksa
This noun is sometimes taken to be offensive; speakers wishing to avoid offense may prefer the term gentile (sometimes capitalized as Gentile) or simply non-Jew.
- shabbos goy
- (Mpakwithi) buck wallaby
- Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186
From Hebrew גוי.
goy m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling גוי, plural goyim, feminine goya)
- goy, gentile, non-Jew
goy m, f (plural goys)
- Alternative spelling of gói