gentile vs heathen what difference

what is difference between gentile and heathen

English

Alternative forms

  • Gentile

Etymology

Borrowed from French gentil (gentile), from Latin gentīlis (of or belonging to the same people or nation), a semantic loan from Hebrew גוי‎, morphologically from gēns (clan; tribe; people, family) + adjective suffix -īlis (-ile). Doublet of gentle and genteel. See also gens, gender, genus, and generation.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛntaɪl/
  • Rhymes: -aɪl
  • Hyphenation: gen‧tile

Adjective

gentile (not comparable)

  1. Non-Jewish.
  2. Heathen, pagan.
  3. Relating to a clan, tribe, or nation; clannish, tribal, national.
  4. Of or pertaining to a gens or several gentes.
  5. (grammar) Of a part of speech such as an adjective, noun or verb: relating to a particular city, nation or country.

Derived terms

  • gentilic
  • gentilical
  • gentilically
  • gentilicism

Related terms

  • genteel

Translations

Noun

gentile (plural gentiles)

  1. A non-Jewish person.
  2. (grammar) A noun derived from a proper noun which denotes something belonging to or coming from a particular city, nation, or country.

Hypernyms

  • (grammar): noun

Translations

See also

  • (grammar): patronymic

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒenˈti.le/

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin gentīlis.

Adjective

gentile (plural gentili, superlative gentilissimo)

  1. kind, courteous
  2. gentle
  3. lovely
Derived terms
Related terms
Further reading
  • gentile1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2

From Latin gentīlis (heathen, pagan).

Noun

gentile m (plural gentili)

  1. gentile (a non-Jewish person)
Derived terms
  • gentilesco
  • gentilesimo
Related terms
  • gentilità

Adjective

gentile (plural gentili)

  1. (literary) gentile (non-Jewish)
Further reading
  • gentile2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡenˈtiː.le/, [ɡɛn̪ˈt̪iːɫ̪ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡ʒenˈti.le/, [d͡ʒɛn̪ˈt̪iːlɛ]

Adjective

gentīle

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of gentīlis

References

  • gentile in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Swedish

Adjective

gentile

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of gentil.


English

Etymology

From Middle English hethen, from Old English hǣþen, from Proto-West Germanic *haiþin, from Proto-Germanic *haiþinaz (heathen, pagan, adj), equivalent to heath (heathland) +‎ -en. Cognate with West Frisian heiden, Dutch heiden, Middle High German heiden, German Heiden, Heide, Swedish heden, Icelandic heiðinn. See also Proto-Germanic *haiduz, Old Norse heiðr (honour, bright, moor), Icelandic heiður (honour).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiːðən/
  • Rhymes: -iːðən

Adjective

heathen (not comparable)

  1. Not adhering to Christian religion (though usually excluding the Jews); pagan.
  2. (by extension) Uncultured; uncivilized; savage, philistine.
  3. Alternative letter-case form of Heathen (pertaining or adhering to the Germanic neo-pagan faith Heathenry).

Translations

Noun

heathen (plural heathens or heathen)

  1. A person who does not follow a Christian religion; a pagan.
    • V. Knox
      If it is no more than a moral discourse, he may preach it and they may hear it, and yet both continue unconverted heathens.
    • 1930, H. E. Bolton, Anza’s California expeditions (volume 1, page 403)
      On hearing his cries two heathen who were hunting on the lagoon ran up, and they were bold enough to try to avenge the injury, making ready to shoot arrows at the soldiers, who fired two gunshots just to frighten them []
  2. (by extension) An uncultured or uncivilized person, philistine.
  3. Alternative letter-case form of Heathen (an adherent of the Germanic neo-pagan faith of Heathenry).

Coordinate terms

  • (religionists) religionist; Baha’i,‎ Buddhist,‎ Christian,‎ deist,‎ Druid,‎ Eckist,‎ heathen,‎ Hindu,‎ Jain,‎ Jedi,‎ Jew,‎ Mormon,‎ Mormonist,‎ Muslim,‎ Odinist,‎ pagan,‎ Pastafarian,‎ Rastafarian,‎ Raëlian,‎ Shintoist,‎ Sikh,‎ Taoist,‎ Unitarian Universalist,‎ Yazidi,‎ Wiccan,‎ Zoroastrian (Category: en:Religion) [edit]

Derived terms

Further reading

  • heathen on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Translations


Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial