gentle vs placate what difference

what is difference between gentle and placate

English

Etymology

From Middle English gentil (courteous, noble), from Old French gentil (high-born, noble), from Latin gentilis (of the same family or clan), from gens ([Roman] clan). Doublet of gentile and genteel.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛntl̩/
  • (General American) enPR: jĕn′tl, IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛntl̩/, [ˈd͡ʒɛ̃ɾ̃l̩]
  • Hyphenation: gen‧tle

Adjective

gentle (comparative gentler or more gentle, superlative gentlest or most gentle)

  1. Tender and amiable; of a considerate or kindly disposition.
  2. Soft and mild rather than hard or severe.
  3. Docile and easily managed.
    a gentle horse
  4. Gradual rather than steep or sudden.
  5. Polite and respectful rather than rude.
  6. (archaic) Well-born; of a good family or respectable birth, though not noble.
    • 1823, Walter Scott, Peveril of the Peak
      “You are of gentle blood,” she said []
    • 1893-1897, Charles Kendal Adams (editor), Johnsons Universal Encyclopedia
      British society is divided into nobility, gentry, and yeomanry, and families are either noble, gentle, or simple.

Synonyms

  • (polite): friendly, kind, polite, respectful

Antonyms

  • (polite): rude

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

gentle (third-person singular simple present gentles, present participle gentling, simple past and past participle gentled)

  1. (intransitive) to become gentle
    • 2013, Kathryn L.M. Reynolds, Garland Roses, Kathryn L.M. Reynolds (→ISBN), page 226
      “She’s experienced a horrific and nasty scare and is in a state of shock, but otherwise she’s relatively okay.” Conrad replied, his tone at first grim (as he recalled what he’d seen in the family room) and then it gentled to a more doctorial tone as he directed his next comments to his patient.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) to ennoble
    • c. 1599, Henry V, by Shakespeare, Act IV Scene III
      […] For he to-day that sheds his blood with me / Shall be my brother; be he ne’er so vile, / This day shall gentle his condition […]
  3. (transitive, animal husbandry) to break; to tame; to domesticate
    • 2008, Frank Leslie, The Killing Breed, Penguin (→ISBN)
      Yakima could have tried to catch him, gentle him as Wolf had been gentled, but having two stallions in his cavvy would lead to a different kind of trouble.
  4. (transitive) To soothe; to calm; to make gentle.
    • 1996, William C. Loring, An American Romantic-realist Abroad: Templeton Strong and His Music, Scarecrow Press (→ISBN), page 201
      A hornist, his playing gentled by perspective, is out of sight within the woods, but his notes are heard through or over the murmuring mix of bird song and breeze in leaves.

Noun

gentle (plural gentles)

  1. (archaic) A person of high birth.
    • 2012, Lizzie Stark, Leaving Mundania: Inside the Transformative World of Live Action Role-Playing Games, Chicago Review Press (→ISBN), page 43:
      While actual medieval societies were full of lots of peasants and a few rich and noble gentles, SCA personas tend to be nobles rather than commoners.
  2. (fishing) A maggot used as bait by anglers.
  3. A trained falcon, or falcon-gentil.


English

Etymology

From Latin plācātus, past participle of plācō (appease, placate, literally smooth, smoothen), from Proto-Indo-European *plāk- (smooth, flat), from *pele- (broad, flat, plain). Related to Latin placeō (appease), Old English flōh (flat stone, chip). More at please.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pləˈkeɪt/, /pleɪˈkeɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpleɪkeɪt/, /pleɪˈkeɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Verb

placate (third-person singular simple present placates, present participle placating, simple past and past participle placated)

  1. (transitive) To calm; to bring peace to; to influence someone who was furious to the point that they become content or at least no longer irate.

Synonyms

  • (to calm): appease, conciliate, mollify, propitiate, satisfy

Antonyms

  • (to calm): enrage

Derived terms

Related terms

  • placid

Translations

Anagrams

  • epactal

Italian

Verb

placate

  1. inflection of placare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
    3. feminine plural past participle

Anagrams

  • catalpe

Latin

Verb

plācāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of plācō

References

  • placate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • placate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • placate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial