genuine vs true what difference

what is difference between genuine and true

English

Etymology

From Latin genuinus (innate, native, natural), from gignere, from Old Latin genere (to beget, produce); see genus.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jěnʹyo͞oĭn’, jĕnʹyo͞oīn’ IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛnjuːˌɪn/, /ˈdʒɛnjuːˌaɪn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnjuːɪn, -ɛnjuːaɪn

Adjective

genuine (comparative more genuine, superlative most genuine)

  1. Belonging to, or proceeding from the original stock; native
  2. Not counterfeit, spurious, false, or adulterated

Synonyms

  • authentic
  • real
  • natural
  • (British dialectal) lubish
  • true
  • uncounterfeited
  • See also Thesaurus:genuine

Antonyms

  • fake
  • ingenuine

Related terms

  • genus

Translations

Further reading

  • genuine in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • genuine in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Guienne, eugenin, ingenue, ingénue, unigene

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɡenuˈiːnə/
  • Hyphenation: ge‧nu‧i‧ne

Adjective

genuine

  1. inflection of genuin:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

Adjective

genuine

  1. feminine plural of genuino

Anagrams

  • ingenue, unigene

Latin

Adjective

genuīne

  1. vocative masculine singular of genuīnus

Norwegian Bokmål

Adjective

genuine

  1. definite singular of genuin
  2. plural of genuin

Norwegian Nynorsk

Adjective

genuine

  1. definite singular of genuin
  2. plural of genuin

Swedish

Adjective

genuine

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of genuin.


English

Alternative forms

  • trew, trewe (obsolete)
  • troo (nonstandard)
  • tr00 (leet)

Etymology

From Middle English trewe, from Old English trīewe, (Mercian) trēowe (trusty, faithful), from Proto-Germanic *triwwiz (compare Saterland Frisian trjou (honest), Dutch getrouw and trouw, German treu, Norwegian and Swedish trygg (safe, secure’), from pre-Germanic *drewh₂yos, from Proto-Indo-European *drewh₂- (steady, firm) (compare Irish dearbh (sure), Old Prussian druwis (faith), Ancient Greek δροόν (droón, firm)), extension of *dóru (tree). More at tree.

For the semantic development, compare Latin robustus (tough) from robur (red oak).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /tɹuː/
  • (US) enPR: trōō IPA(key): /tɹu/, [t͡ʃɹü]
  • (archaic) IPA(key): /tɹjuː/
  • (now dialectal) IPA(key): /tɹɪʊ̯/
  • Rhymes: -uː

Adjective

true (comparative truer or more true, superlative truest or most true)

  1. (of a statement) Conforming to the actual state of reality or fact; factually correct.
  2. Conforming to a rule or pattern; exact; accurate.
  3. (logic) Of the state in Boolean logic that indicates an affirmative or positive result.
  4. Loyal, faithful.
  5. Genuine; legitimate.
  6. Used in the designation of group of species, or sometimes a single species, to indicate that it belongs to the clade its common name (which may be more broadly scoped in common speech) is restricted to in technical speech, or to distinguish it from a similar species, the latter of which may be called false.
  7. (of an aim or missile in archery, shooting, golf, etc.) Accurate; following a path toward the target.
  8. (chiefly probability) Fair, unbiased, not loaded.
    • 1990, William W. S. Wei, Time Series Analysis, →ISBN, page 8:
      Let





      Z

      t




      {\displaystyle Z_{t}}

      be twice the value of a true die shown on the




      t


      {\displaystyle t}

      -th toss.

    • 2006, Judith A. Baer, Leslie Friedman Goldstein, The Constitutional and Legal Rights of Women: Cases in Law and Social Change →ISBN
      In fact, few profit margins can be predicted with such reliability as those provided by a true roulette wheel or other game of chance.
    • 2012, Peter Sprent, Applied Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Springer Science & Business Media →ISBN, page 5
      We do not reject, because 9 heads and 3 tails is in a set of reasonably likely results when we toss a true coin.
  9. (Of a literary genre) based on actual historical events.

Antonyms

  • (of a statement, logic, loyal): false
  • untrue

Derived terms

Related terms

  • truth

Translations

Adverb

true (not comparable)

  1. (of shooting, throwing etc) Accurately.

Translations

Noun

true (countable and uncountable, plural trues)

  1. (uncountable) The state of being in alignment.
    • 1904, Lester Gray French, Machinery, Volume 10:
      Some toolmakers are very careless when drilling the first hole through work that is to be bored, claiming that if the drilled hole comes out of true somewhat it can be brought true with the boring tool.
    • 1922, F. Scott Fitzgerald, O Russet Witch! in Tales of the Jazz Age:
      She clapped her hands happily, and he thought how pretty she was really, that is, the upper part of her face—from the bridge of the nose down she was somewhat out of true.
    • 1988, Lois McMaster Bujold, Falling Free, Baen Publishing, →ISBN, page 96:
      The crate shifted on its pallet, out of sync now. As the lift withdrew, the crate skidded with it, dragged by friction and gravity, skewing farther and farther from true.
  2. (uncountable, obsolete) Truth.
  3. (countable, obsolete) A pledge or truce.

Derived terms

  • in true
  • out of true

Translations

Verb

true (third-person singular simple present trues, present participle trueing or truing, simple past and past participle trued)

  1. To straighten (of something that is supposed to be straight).
  2. To make even, level, symmetrical, or accurate, align; adjust.

Usage notes

  • Often followed by up.

Derived terms

  • true-up

Translations

Anagrams

  • -uret, Treu, rute

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse þrúga, Proto-Germanic *þrūgōną, cognate with Swedish truga. The verb is related to Danish trykke and German drücken (to press) (= *þrukkijaną), but apparently not to German drohen (threaten) (= *þraujaną) or English threaten (= *þrautōną).

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /truːə/, [ˈtˢʁ̥uːu], [ˈtˢʁ̥oːo]

Verb

true (past tense truede, past participle truet)

  1. to threaten

Inflection

Further reading

  • “true” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • “true” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Middle English

Adjective

true

  1. Alternative form of trewe

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þrúga

Verb

true (imperative tru, present tense truer, passive trues, simple past and past participle trua or truet)

  1. to threaten

Derived terms

  • truende
  • utrydningstruet

Related terms

  • trussel

References

  • “true” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • trua, truge

Etymology

From Old Norse þrúga

Verb

true (present tense truar, past tense trua, past participle trua, passive infinitive truast, present participle truande, imperative tru)

  1. to threaten

Related terms

  • trussel

References

  • “true” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

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