ghost vs ghostwriter what difference

what is difference between ghost and ghostwriter

English

Alternative forms

  • ghoast, gost (both obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English gost, gast, from Old English gāst (breath, soul, spirit, ghost, being), from Proto-West Germanic *gaist, from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz (ghost, spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéysd-os, from *ǵʰéysd- (anger, agitation). Cognate with Scots ghaist (ghost), Saterland Frisian Gäist (spirit), West Frisian geast (spirit), Dutch geest (spirit, mind, ghost), German Geist (spirit, mind, intellect), Swedish gast (ghost), Sanskrit हेड (héḍa, anger, hatred), Persian زشت(zešt, ugly, hateful, disgusting).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɡəʊst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡoʊst/
  • Rhymes: -əʊst

Noun

ghost (countable and uncountable, plural ghosts)

  1. (uncommon or dated) The spirit; the soul of man.
  2. The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death
    • 1667, John Dryden, Annus Mirabilis
      The mighty ghosts of our great Harries rose.
  3. Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image.
  4. A false image formed in a telescope, camera, or other optical device by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.
  5. An unwanted image similar to and overlapping or adjacent to the main one on a television screen, caused by the transmitted image being received both directly and via reflection.
    • 2007, Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1942 to 2000 (page 60)
      There was less flicker, jitter was nonexistent, and the screen pattern had been rendered far more viewworthy, with ghosts being virtually suppressed.
  6. A ghostwriter.
  7. A nonexistent person invented to obtain some fraudulent benefit.
    • 2004, Joint Learning Initiative, ‎Global Equity Initiative, Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis (page 76)
      Some health systems are plagued by “ghost” and “absent” workers. Ghost workers are nonexistent, listed in the payroll, and paid, a clear sign of corruption.
    • 2008, The Asia-Pacific Human Development Report (page 63)
      1,500 secondary schools in Jiangxi found 125 cases of illegally collected Ghosts and Absentees fees worth $2 million.
  8. A dead person whose identity is stolen by another. See ghosting.
  9. (Internet) An unresponsive user on IRC, resulting from the user’s client disconnecting without notifying the server.
  10. (computing) An image of a file or hard disk.
  11. (theater) An understudy.
  12. (espionage) A covert (and deniable) agent.
  13. The faint image that remains after an attempt to remove graffiti.
  14. (video games) An opponent in a racing game that follows a previously recorded route, allowing players to compete against previous best times.
  15. (attributive, in names of species) White or pale.
  16. (attributive, in names of species) Transparent or translucent.
  17. (attributive) Abandoned.
  18. (attributive) Remnant; the remains of a(n).
  19. (attributive) Perceived or listed but not real.
  20. (attributive) Of cryptid, supernatural or extraterrestrial nature.
  21. (attributive) Substitute.
  22. (uncountable) A game in which players take turns to add a letter to a possible word, trying not to complete a word.

Synonyms

  • (soul): essence, soul, spirit
  • (spirit appearing after death): apparition, bogey, haint, phantom, revenant, specter/spectre, spook, wraith.
  • (faint shadowy semblance): glimmer, glimmering, glimpse, hint, inkling, phantom, spark, suggestion.
  • (false image in an optical device):
  • (false image on a television screen): echo
  • (ghostwriter): ghostwriter
  • (unresponsive user):
  • (image of file): backup
  • (understudy): understudy
  • (covert agent): spook, spy
  • (image from removed graffiti): shadow
  • (opponent in racing game):
  • (victim of stolen identity):
  • See also Thesaurus:ghost

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: ゴースト (gōsuto)

Translations

See also

Verb

ghost (third-person singular simple present ghosts, present participle ghosting, simple past and past participle ghosted)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To haunt; to appear to in the form of an apparition.
    • 1606, William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, Act II, sc. 6, l. 1221
      since Julius Caesar, / Who at Philippi the good Brutus ghosted
  2. (obsolete) To die; to expire.
  3. (literary) To imbue with a ghost-like hue or effect.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To ghostwrite.
    • 1975, Saul Bellow, Humboldt’s Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 41]:
      Well, you wrote a few books, you wrote a famous play, and even that was half ghosted.
  5. (nautical) To sail seemingly without wind.
  6. (computing) To copy a file or hard drive image.
  7. (graphical user interface) To gray out (a visual item) to indicate that it is unavailable.
    • 1991, Amiga User Interface Style Guide (page 76)
      Whenever a menu or menu item is inappropriate or unavailable for selection, it should be ghosted. Never allow the user to select something that does nothing in response.
  8. (Internet, transitive) To forcibly disconnect an IRC user who is using one’s reserved nickname.
    • 2001, “Luke”, to leave (vb.): Hurg [OT] (on newsgroup alt.games.lucas-arts.monkey-island)
      I’m so untechnical that I once ghosted a registered IRC nick and then tried to identify myself to NickServ with the valid password before actually changing my nick to the aforementioned moniker.
  9. (intransitive) To appear or move without warning, quickly and quietly; to slip.
  10. (transitive) To transfer (a prisoner) to another prison without the prior knowledge of other inmates.
    • 2020, Jamie Bennett, ‎Victoria Knight, Prisoners on Prison Films (page 26)
      His power base, however, is undermined by him being constantly, “ghosted”, or moved from prison to prison.
  11. (slang) To kill.
  12. (slang) To break up with someone without warning or explanation; to perform an act of ghosting.
  13. (transitive, slang) To ignore (a person).
  14. (film) To provide the speaking or singing voice for another actor, who is lip-syncing.
    • 1955, Saturday Review (volume 38, part 2, page 27)
      Here’s how it went: Larry Parks as elderly Al Jolson was watching Larry Parks playing young Al Jolson in the first movie — in other words, Parks ghosting for Parks. At the same time, Jolson himself was ghosting the voices for both of them.
    • 1999, The Golden Age of Musicals (page 50)
      One of the few performers to triumph over ghosting was Ava Gardner in Freed’s Show Boat (1951). Not only does she lip-synch with breathtaking accuracy, her performance gives the cotton-candy production its only underpinning of realism.

Derived terms

  • beghost

Anagrams

  • Goths, gosht, goths


English

Alternative forms

  • ghost writer

Etymology

ghost +‎ writer

Noun

ghostwriter (plural ghostwriters)

  1. A professional writer who is paid to write material that is officially credited to another person; one who writes on behalf of someone else, often for a celebrity.
    Smith was listed as the author of his autobiography, but a ghostwriter did most of the work.

Descendants

  • German: Ghostwriter
  • Japanese: ゴーストライター (gōsutoraitā)
  • Polish: ghostwriter
  • Portuguese: ghostwriter

Translations


Polish

Etymology

From English ghostwriter.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //ɡɔwˈstraj.tɛr//

Noun

ghostwriter m pers

  1. ghostwriter
    Synonym: murzyn

Declension

Further reading

  • ghostwriter in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ghostwriter in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From English ghostwriter.

Noun

ghostwriter m, f (plural ghostwriters)

  1. ghostwriter (professional writer for another person)

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