ghost vs shade what difference

what is difference between ghost and shade

English

Alternative forms

  • ghoast, gost (both obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English gost, gast, from Old English gāst (breath, soul, spirit, ghost, being), from Proto-West Germanic *gaist, from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz (ghost, spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéysd-os, from *ǵʰéysd- (anger, agitation). Cognate with Scots ghaist (ghost), Saterland Frisian Gäist (spirit), West Frisian geast (spirit), Dutch geest (spirit, mind, ghost), German Geist (spirit, mind, intellect), Swedish gast (ghost), Sanskrit हेड (héḍa, anger, hatred), Persian زشت(zešt, ugly, hateful, disgusting).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɡəʊst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡoʊst/
  • Rhymes: -əʊst

Noun

ghost (countable and uncountable, plural ghosts)

  1. (uncommon or dated) The spirit; the soul of man.
  2. The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death
    • 1667, John Dryden, Annus Mirabilis
      The mighty ghosts of our great Harries rose.
  3. Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image.
  4. A false image formed in a telescope, camera, or other optical device by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.
  5. An unwanted image similar to and overlapping or adjacent to the main one on a television screen, caused by the transmitted image being received both directly and via reflection.
    • 2007, Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1942 to 2000 (page 60)
      There was less flicker, jitter was nonexistent, and the screen pattern had been rendered far more viewworthy, with ghosts being virtually suppressed.
  6. A ghostwriter.
  7. A nonexistent person invented to obtain some fraudulent benefit.
    • 2004, Joint Learning Initiative, ‎Global Equity Initiative, Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis (page 76)
      Some health systems are plagued by “ghost” and “absent” workers. Ghost workers are nonexistent, listed in the payroll, and paid, a clear sign of corruption.
    • 2008, The Asia-Pacific Human Development Report (page 63)
      1,500 secondary schools in Jiangxi found 125 cases of illegally collected Ghosts and Absentees fees worth $2 million.
  8. A dead person whose identity is stolen by another. See ghosting.
  9. (Internet) An unresponsive user on IRC, resulting from the user’s client disconnecting without notifying the server.
  10. (computing) An image of a file or hard disk.
  11. (theater) An understudy.
  12. (espionage) A covert (and deniable) agent.
  13. The faint image that remains after an attempt to remove graffiti.
  14. (video games) An opponent in a racing game that follows a previously recorded route, allowing players to compete against previous best times.
  15. (attributive, in names of species) White or pale.
  16. (attributive, in names of species) Transparent or translucent.
  17. (attributive) Abandoned.
  18. (attributive) Remnant; the remains of a(n).
  19. (attributive) Perceived or listed but not real.
  20. (attributive) Of cryptid, supernatural or extraterrestrial nature.
  21. (attributive) Substitute.
  22. (uncountable) A game in which players take turns to add a letter to a possible word, trying not to complete a word.

Synonyms

  • (soul): essence, soul, spirit
  • (spirit appearing after death): apparition, bogey, haint, phantom, revenant, specter/spectre, spook, wraith.
  • (faint shadowy semblance): glimmer, glimmering, glimpse, hint, inkling, phantom, spark, suggestion.
  • (false image in an optical device):
  • (false image on a television screen): echo
  • (ghostwriter): ghostwriter
  • (unresponsive user):
  • (image of file): backup
  • (understudy): understudy
  • (covert agent): spook, spy
  • (image from removed graffiti): shadow
  • (opponent in racing game):
  • (victim of stolen identity):
  • See also Thesaurus:ghost

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: ゴースト (gōsuto)

Translations

See also

Verb

ghost (third-person singular simple present ghosts, present participle ghosting, simple past and past participle ghosted)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To haunt; to appear to in the form of an apparition.
    • 1606, William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, Act II, sc. 6, l. 1221
      since Julius Caesar, / Who at Philippi the good Brutus ghosted
  2. (obsolete) To die; to expire.
  3. (literary) To imbue with a ghost-like hue or effect.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To ghostwrite.
    • 1975, Saul Bellow, Humboldt’s Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 41]:
      Well, you wrote a few books, you wrote a famous play, and even that was half ghosted.
  5. (nautical) To sail seemingly without wind.
  6. (computing) To copy a file or hard drive image.
  7. (graphical user interface) To gray out (a visual item) to indicate that it is unavailable.
    • 1991, Amiga User Interface Style Guide (page 76)
      Whenever a menu or menu item is inappropriate or unavailable for selection, it should be ghosted. Never allow the user to select something that does nothing in response.
  8. (Internet, transitive) To forcibly disconnect an IRC user who is using one’s reserved nickname.
    • 2001, “Luke”, to leave (vb.): Hurg [OT] (on newsgroup alt.games.lucas-arts.monkey-island)
      I’m so untechnical that I once ghosted a registered IRC nick and then tried to identify myself to NickServ with the valid password before actually changing my nick to the aforementioned moniker.
  9. (intransitive) To appear or move without warning, quickly and quietly; to slip.
  10. (transitive) To transfer (a prisoner) to another prison without the prior knowledge of other inmates.
    • 2020, Jamie Bennett, ‎Victoria Knight, Prisoners on Prison Films (page 26)
      His power base, however, is undermined by him being constantly, “ghosted”, or moved from prison to prison.
  11. (slang) To kill.
  12. (slang) To break up with someone without warning or explanation; to perform an act of ghosting.
  13. (transitive, slang) To ignore (a person).
  14. (film) To provide the speaking or singing voice for another actor, who is lip-syncing.
    • 1955, Saturday Review (volume 38, part 2, page 27)
      Here’s how it went: Larry Parks as elderly Al Jolson was watching Larry Parks playing young Al Jolson in the first movie — in other words, Parks ghosting for Parks. At the same time, Jolson himself was ghosting the voices for both of them.
    • 1999, The Golden Age of Musicals (page 50)
      One of the few performers to triumph over ghosting was Ava Gardner in Freed’s Show Boat (1951). Not only does she lip-synch with breathtaking accuracy, her performance gives the cotton-candy production its only underpinning of realism.

Derived terms

  • beghost

Anagrams

  • Goths, gosht, goths


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: shād, IPA(key): /ʃeɪd/
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Etymology

Noun from Middle English schade, from Old English sċeadu, sċadu (shadow; shade), from Proto-West Germanic *skadu, from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz (shadow; shade). More at shadow.

Verb from Old English sceadwian, derived from sċeadu, above.

Noun

shade (countable and uncountable, plural shades)

  1. (uncountable) Darkness where light, particularly sunlight, is blocked.
  2. (countable) Something that blocks light, particularly in a window.
  3. (countable) A variety of a colour/color, in particular one obtained by adding black (compare tint).
  4. (figuratively) A subtle variation in a concept.
    • 1823, Thomas De Quincey, Letters to a Young Man whose Education has been Neglected. No. V. On the English Notices of Kant
      new shades and combinations of thought
  5. (figuratively) An aspect that is reminiscent of something.
  6. A very small degree of a quantity, or variety of meaning
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, Miss Marple Tells a Story
      Mrs. Rhodes who (so I gathered from Mr. Petherick’s careful language) was perhaps just a shade of a hypochondriac, had retired to bed immediately after dinner.
  7. (chiefly literary and fantasy) A ghost or specter; a spirit.
    • Swift as thought the flitting shade / Thro’ air his momentary journey made.
  8. (countable) A postage stamp showing an obvious difference in colour/color to the original printing and needing a separate catalogue/catalog entry.
  9. (uncountable, originally gay slang) Subtle insults.
  10. (countable) A cover around or above a light bulb, a lampshade.

Derived terms

  • lampshade
  • sunshade
  • made in the shade
  • nightshade
  • shade carrier
  • shadeful
  • shadeless
  • shadelessly
  • shadiness
  • shady

Translations

Verb

shade (third-person singular simple present shades, present participle shading, simple past and past participle shaded)

  1. (transitive) To shield (someone or something) from light.
    The old oak tree shaded the lawn in the heat of the day.
  2. (intransitive, rare) To shield oneself from light.
    We shaded under a huge oak tree.
  3. (transitive) To alter slightly.
    You’ll need to shade your shot slightly to the left.
    Most politicians will shade the truth if it helps them.
  4. (intransitive) To vary or approach something slightly, particularly in color.
    The hillside was bright green, shading towards gold in the drier areas.
    • 1886, Edmund Gurney, Phantasms of the Living
      This small group will be most conveniently treated with the emotional division, into which it shades.
  5. (intransitive, baseball, of a defensive player) To move slightly from one’s normal fielding position.
    Jones will shade a little to the right on this pitch count.
  6. (transitive) To darken, particularly in drawing.
    I draw contours first, gradually shading in midtones and shadows.
  7. To surpass by a narrow margin.
    Both parties claimed afterwards that their man did best in the debate, but an early opinion poll suggested Mr Cameron shaded it.
  8. (transitive, graphical user interface) To reduce (a window) so that only its title bar is visible.
    Antonym: unshade
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To shelter; to cover from injury; to protect; to screen.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To present a shadow or image of; to shadow forth; to represent.

Derived terms

  • beshade
  • shader
  • shading
  • unshade
  • unshaded

Translations

Related terms

  • shadow
  • shed

Anagrams

  • Da’esh, Daesh, Desha, Hades, Shead, ashed, deash, hades, heads, sadhe

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