gigue vs jig what difference

what is difference between gigue and jig

English

Etymology

From French gigue

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /ʒiːɡ/

Noun

gigue (plural gigues)

  1. an Irish dance, derived from the jig, used in the Partita form (Baroque Period).

Anagrams

  • guige

French

Etymology

From Old French gige, gigue (a fiddle, kind of dance), from Frankish *gīge (dance, fiddle), from Proto-Germanic *gīganą (to move, wish, desire), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeyǵʰ-, *gʰeygʰ- (to yawn, gape, long for, desire). More at gig, geg, jig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒiɡ/

Noun

gigue f (plural gigues)

  1. (music) string instrument, roughly in the form of a mandoline (c. 1120–50)
  2. (dancing) lively and gay dance originary from the British Isles, gigue, jig
  3. (music) musical melody, to be danced in the way of a gigue
  4. (informal) long leg, tall and skinny girl, haunch of some animals especially venison (19th century)
  5. (colloquial) disorderly way of dancing (danser la gigue), twerk of the hips (gigue des fesses; early 20th century)
  6. a small boat, gig
  7. (telecommunications) jitter

Derived terms

  • gigolette

Descendants

  • English: gigue

References

“gigue” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).



English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jĭg; IPA(key): /d͡ʒɪɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Etymology 1

An assimilated form of earlier gig, from Middle English gigge, from Old French gige, gigue (a fiddle, kind of dance), from Frankish *gīge (dance, fiddle), from Proto-Germanic *gīganą (to move, wish, desire), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeyǵʰ-, *gʰeygʰ- (to yawn, gape, long for, desire).

Cognate with Middle Dutch ghighe (fiddle), German Geige (fiddle, violin), Danish gige (fiddle), Icelandic gígja (fiddle). More at gig, geg.

Noun

jig (plural jigs)

  1. (music) A light, brisk musical movement; a gigue.
  2. (traditional Irish music and dance) A lively dance in 6/8 (double jig), 9/8 (slip jig) or 12/8 (single jig) time; a tune suitable for such a dance. By extension, a lively traditional tune in any of these time signatures. Unqualified, the term is usually taken to refer to a double (6/8) jig.
  3. (traditional English Morris dancing) A dance performed by one or sometimes two individual dancers, as opposed to a dance performed by a set or team.
  4. (fishing) A type of lure consisting of a hook molded into a weight, usually with a bright or colorful body.
  5. A device in manufacturing, woodworking, or other creative endeavors for controlling the location, path of movement, or both of either a workpiece or the tool that is operating upon it. Subsets of this general class include machining jigs, woodworking jigs, welders’ jigs, jewelers’ jigs, and many others.
  6. (mining) An apparatus or machine for jigging ore.
  7. (obsolete) A light, humorous piece of writing, especially in rhyme; a farce in verse; a ballad.
  8. (obsolete) A trick; a prank.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

jig (third-person singular simple present jigs, present participle jigging, simple past and past participle jigged)

  1. To move briskly, especially as a dance.
  2. To move with a skip or rhythm; to move with vibrations or jerks.
  3. (fishing) To fish with a jig.
  4. To sing to the tune of a jig.
  5. To trick or cheat; to cajole; to delude.
    • 1632, John Ford, Love’s Sacrifice
      Make thy moan to ballad singers and rhymers ; they’ll jig out thy wretchedness and abominations to new tunes
  6. (mining) To sort or separate, as ore in a jigger or sieve.
  7. To cut or form, as a piece of metal, in a jigging machine.
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of jigaboo, of uncertain origin, perhaps an African/Bantu word. Alternatively, jigaboo is derived from jig (dance).

Noun

jig (plural jigs)

  1. (US, offensive, slang, dated, ethnic slur) A black person.

References


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