give vs sacrifice what difference

what is difference between give and sacrifice

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English given, from Old Norse gefa (to give), from Proto-Germanic *gebaną (to give). Merged with native Middle English yiven, ȝeven, from Old English ġiefan, from the same Proto-Germanic source (compare the obsolete inherited English doublet yive).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɪv/
  • Rhymes: -ɪv

Verb

give (third-person singular simple present gives, present participle giving, simple past gave, past participle given)

  1. (ditransitive) To move, shift, provide something abstract or concrete to someone or something or somewhere.
    1. To transfer one’s possession or holding of (something) to (someone).
    2. To make a present or gift of.
    3. To pledge.
    4. To provide (something) to (someone), to allow or afford.
    5. To cause (a sensation or feeling) to exist in.
    6. To carry out (a physical interaction) with (something).
    7. To pass (something) into (someone’s hand, etc.).
    8. To cause (a disease or condition) in, or to transmit (a disease or condition) to.
  2. (ditransitive) To estimate or predict (a duration or probability) for (something).
  3. (intransitive) To yield slightly when a force is applied.
  4. (intransitive) To collapse under pressure or force.
  5. (transitive) To provide, as, a service or a broadcast.
    • 2003, Iain Aitken, Value-Driven IT Management: Commercializing the IT Function, page 153
      [] who did not have a culture in which ‘giving good presentation’ and successfully playing the internal political game was the way up.
    • 2006, Christopher Matthew Spencer The Ebay Entrepreneur, page 248
      A friendly voice on the phone welcoming prospective new clients is a must. Don’t underestimate the importance of giving good “phone”.
  6. (intransitive) To lead (onto or into).
  7. (transitive, dated) To provide a view of.
    His window gave the park.
  8. To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to yield.
    The number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship.
  9. To cause; to make; used with the infinitive.
  10. To cause (someone) to have; produce in (someone); effectuate.
  11. To allow or admit by way of supposition; to concede.
    He can be bad-tempered, I’ll give you that, but he’s a hard worker.
  12. To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
  13. To communicate or announce (advice, tidings, etc.); to pronounce or utter (an opinion, a judgment, a shout, etc.).
  14. (dated or religion) To grant power, permission, destiny, etc. (especially to a person); to allot; to allow.
  15. (reflexive) To devote or apply (oneself).
  16. (obsolete) To become soft or moist.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
  17. (obsolete) To shed tears; to weep.
  18. (obsolete) To have a misgiving.
    • c. 1608-1634, John Webster, Appius and Virginia, page 16
      My mind gives ye’re reserv’d / To rob poor market women.
  19. (slang) To be going on, to be occurring
Usage notes
  • In older forms of English, when the pronoun thou was in active use, and verbs used -est for distinct second-person singular indicative forms, the verb give had the form givest, and had gavest for its past tense.
  • Similarly, when the ending -eth was in active use for third-person singular present indicative forms, the form giveth was used.
Conjugation
Synonyms
  • (transfer possession of): See Thesaurus:give
  • (bend slightly when a force is applied): bend, cede, flex, move, yield, split
  • (estimate or predict): estimate, guess, predict
  • (provide):
Antonyms
  • (transfer possession of): get, obtain, receive, take
  • (bend slightly when a force is applied): not bend/cede/flex/give/move/yield, resist
Derived terms

See also given, giver and giving

Translations

Noun

give (uncountable)

  1. The amount of bending that something undergoes when a force is applied to it; a tendency to yield under pressure; resilence.
    This chair doesn’t have much give.
    There is no give in his dogmatic religious beliefs.
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

give (plural gives)

  1. Alternative form of gyve

References

  • give at OneLook Dictionary Search

Danish

Alternative forms

  • gi’ (representing the spoken language)

Etymology

From Old Norse gefa, from Proto-Germanic *gebaną, cognate with English give and German geben. The Germanic verbs goes back to Proto-Indo-European *gʰebʰ- (to give) (hence Sanskrit गभस्ति (gábhasti, arm)) rather than *gʰeh₁bʰ- (to grab) (hence Latin habeō (to have)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡ̊iˀ], [ˈɡ̊i], (formal) IPA(key): [ˈɡ̊iːʋə]
  • Rhymes: -iː, -iːvɐ

Verb

give (imperative giv, present tense giver, past tense gav, past participle givet, c given, givne)

  1. to give

Conjugation

Derived terms


Swedish

Verb

give

  1. present subjunctive of giva

Anagrams

  • evig


English

Etymology

From Middle English sacrificen (verb) and sacrifice (noun), from Old French sacrifice, from Latin sacrificium (sacrifice), from sacrificō (make or offer a sacrifice), from sacer (sacred, holy) + faciō (do, make).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsækɹɪfaɪs/
  • Hyphenation: sac‧ri‧fice

Verb

sacrifice (third-person singular simple present sacrifices, present participle sacrificing, simple past and past participle sacrificed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To offer (something) as a gift to a deity.
  2. (transitive) To give away (something valuable) to get at least a possibility of gaining something else of value (such as self-respect, trust, love, freedom, prosperity), or to avoid an even greater loss.
    • 1964, Holland-Dozier-Holland, Baby Don’t You Do It (Marvin Gaye)
      Don’t you break my heart / ’Cause I sacrifice to make you happy.
    • “God sacrificed His only begotten Son, so that all people might have eternal life.” (a paraphrase of John 3:16)
    • Condemned to sacrifice his childish years / To babbling ignorance, and to empty fears.
    • 1857, George Eliot, s:Scenes of Clerical Life
      The Baronet had sacrificed a large sum [] for the sake of [] making this boy his heir.
  3. (transitive) To trade (a value of higher worth) for something of lesser worth in order to gain something else valued more, such as an ally or business relationship, or to avoid an even greater loss; to sell without profit to gain something other than money.
    • 1957, Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged
      If you exchange a penny for a dollar, it is not a sacrifice; if you exchange a dollar for a penny, it is.
  4. (transitive, chess) To intentionally give up (a piece) in order to improve one’s position on the board.
  5. (transitive, baseball) To advance (a runner on base) by batting the ball so it can be fielded, placing the batter out, but with insufficient time to put the runner out.
  6. (dated, tradesmen’s slang) To sell at a price less than the cost or actual value.
  7. To destroy; to kill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)

Synonyms

  • (to offer to a deity): Molochize
  • (to sell without profit): sell at a loss

Derived terms

  • sacrificial

Translations

Noun

sacrifice (countable and uncountable, plural sacrifices)

  1. The offering of anything to a god; a consecratory rite.
  2. The destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; the devotion of something desirable to something higher, or to a calling deemed more pressing.
    the sacrifice of one’s spare time in order to volunteer
    1. (baseball) A play in which the batter is intentionally out so that one or more runners can advance around the bases.
  3. Something sacrificed.
  4. A loss of profit.
  5. (slang, dated) A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.

Translations


French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin sacrificium.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sa.kʁi.fis/
  • Rhymes: -is

Noun

sacrifice m (plural sacrifices)

  1. sacrifice

Related terms

  • sacrificiel
  • sacrifier

Further reading

  • “sacrifice” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Latin

Adjective

sacrifice

  1. vocative masculine singular of sacrificus

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [saˈkrifit͡ʃe]

Verb

sacrifice

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of sacrifica
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of sacrifica

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