glacial vs polar what difference

what is difference between glacial and polar

English

Etymology

From French glacial, from Latin glaciālis, from glaciēs (ice). The sense “slow” refers to the speed of actual glaciers, typically around 1 meter per day.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡleɪ.sɪəl/, /ˈɡleɪ.ʃ(ɪ)əl/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃəl

Adjective

glacial (comparative more glacial, superlative most glacial)

  1. Of, or relating to glaciers.
    Wang Shijin is a glacier expert and director of the Yulong Snow Mountain Glacial and Environmental Observation Research Station.
  2. (figuratively) Very slow.
    • 2010, “Under the volcano”, The Economist, 16 Oct 2010:
      Progress on judicial reform has been glacial, meeting enormous resistance.
  3. Cold and icy.
  4. Having the appearance of ice.
  5. (figuratively) Cool and unfriendly.

Hyponyms

Translations

Noun

glacial (plural glacials)

  1. A glacial period (colloquially known as an ice age).
    Synonym: ice age
    Coordinate term: interglacial

Translations

Derived terms

  • glacial till

References

Anagrams

  • gallica

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /ɡlə.siˈal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /ɡla.siˈal/

Adjective

glacial (masculine and feminine plural glacials)

  1. glacial

French

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Latin glaciālis. Morphologically, from glace +‎ -ial.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡla.sjal/
  • Homophones: glaciale, glaciales

Adjective

glacial (feminine singular glaciale, masculine plural glaciaux, feminine plural glaciales)

  1. freezing, ice-cold, very cold
  2. (figuratively) icy, very cold

Related terms

  • glaçant
  • glaciaire

Further reading

  • “glacial” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Adjective

glacial m or f (plural glaciais)

  1. frozen, at the temperature of ice
    Synonym: xeado
  2. glacial, pertaining to glaciers
  3. (figuratively) frigid, chilly, not cordial
    Synonym: xélido

Related terms

  • glaciación

Norman

Etymology

From Latin glaciālis, from glaciēs (ice).

Adjective

glacial m

  1. (Jersey) icy

Portuguese

Adjective

glacial m or f (plural glaciais, comparable)

  1. glacial (cold and icy)
    Synonym: gélido
  2. glacial (relating to glaciers)
  3. relating to ice ages
  4. (figuratively) glacial; cold (emotionally distant)
    Synonyms: frio, gélido

Romanian

Etymology

From French glacial, from Latin glacialis.

Adjective

glacial m or n (feminine singular glacială, masculine plural glaciali, feminine and neuter plural glaciale)

  1. glacial

Declension


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ɡlaˈθjal/, [ɡlaˈθjal]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ɡlaˈsjal/, [ɡlaˈsjal]

Adjective

glacial (plural glaciales)

  1. glacial
  2. (figuratively) frigid, chilly, not cordial

Related terms



English

Etymology

From Late Latin polāris , equivalent to pole + -ar.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpəʊ̯lə(ɹ)/, [ˈpʰəʊ̯lə(ɹ)]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpoʊ̯lɚ/, [ˈpʰoʊ̯lɚ]
  • Rhymes: -əʊlə(ɹ)

Adjective

polar (not comparable)

  1. Of or having a pole or polarity.
  2. (geography) Of, relating to, measured from, or referred to a geographic pole (the North Pole or South Pole); within the Arctic or Antarctic circles.
  3. (space sciences) Of an orbit that passes over, or near, one of these poles.
  4. (chemistry) Having a dipole; ionic.
  5. (mathematics) Of a coordinate system, specifying the location of a point in a plane by using a radius and an angle.
  6. (linguistics, of a question) Having but two possible answers, yes and no.

Derived terms

  • polar bear
  • polar nucleus
  • polar opposite

Translations

Noun

polar (plural polars)

  1. (geometry) The line joining the points of contact of tangents drawn to meet a curve from a point called the pole of the line.

Anagrams

  • ROLAP, parol, poral

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /poˈla/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /puˈla/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /poˈlaɾ/

Adjective

polar (masculine and feminine plural polars)

  1. polar

Derived terms

  • ós polar

French

Etymology

From policier +‎ -ard.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɔ.laʁ/

Noun

polar m (plural polars)

  1. (informal) detective novel

Further reading

  • “polar” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Pronunciation

Adjective

polar m or f (plural polares)

  1. polar

Antonyms

  • apolar

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /poˈlaːɐ̯/

Adjective

polar (not comparable)

  1. polar

Declension

Derived terms

  • Polarmeer
  • Polarnacht

Further reading

  • “polar” in Duden online

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From the noun pol

Pronunciation

Adjective

polar (neuter singular polart, definite singular and plural polare)

  1. polar

Derived terms

  • polarisere
  • polarsirkel

References

  • “polar” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From the noun pol

Adjective

polar (neuter singular polart, definite singular and plural polare)

  1. polar
Derived terms
  • polarisere
  • polarsirkel

Etymology 2

Noun

polar m

  1. indefinite plural of pol

References

  • “polar” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Homophone: pular (Portugal)
  • Hyphenation: po‧lar

Adjective

polar m or f (plural polares, comparable)

  1. polar

Derived terms

  • apolar
  • estrela polar
  • urso polar
  • polaridade

Related terms

  • polo

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin polāris, Italian polare and French polaire.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /poˈlar/

Adjective

polar m or n (feminine singular polară, masculine plural polari, feminine and neuter plural polare)

  1. polar

Declension

Derived terms

  • urs polar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /poˈlaɾ/, [poˈlaɾ]
  • Hyphenation: po‧lar

Adjective

polar (plural polares)

  1. polar

Derived terms

  • apolar
  • casquete polar
  • estrella polar
  • oso polar
  • polaridad

Related terms

  • polo

Further reading

  • “polar” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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