glass vs glaze what difference

what is difference between glass and glaze

English

Alternative forms

  • glasse (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English glas, from Old English glæs, from Proto-Germanic *glasą, possibly related to Proto-Germanic *glōaną (to shine) (compare glow), and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵʰel- (to shine, shimmer, glow). Cognate with West Frisian glês, Dutch glas, Low German Glas, German Glas, Swedish glas, Icelandic gler.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡlɑːs/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːs
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡlæs/
  • Rhymes: -æs

Noun

glass (countable and uncountable, plural glasses)

  1. (usually uncountable) An amorphous solid, often transparent substance, usually made by melting silica sand with various additives (for most purposes, a mixture of soda, potash and lime is added).
  2. (countable, uncountable, by extension) Any amorphous solid (one without a regular crystal lattice).
  3. (countable) A vessel from which one drinks, especially one made of glass, plastic, or similar translucent or semi-translucent material.
  4. (metonymically) The quantity of liquid contained in such a vessel.
    • At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
  5. (uncountable) Glassware.
  6. A mirror.
    • 1599, Thomas Dekker, Old Fortunatus, Act III, Scene 1, J.M. Dent & Co., 1904, p. 67,[1]
      [] for what lady can abide to love a spruce silken-face courtier, that stands every morning two or three hours learning how to look by his glass, how to speak by his glass, how to sigh by his glass, how to court his mistress by his glass? I would wish him no other plague, but to have a mistress as brittle as glass.
  7. A magnifying glass or telescope.
    • 1912, The Encyclopædia of Sport & Games
      Haviers, or stags which have been gelded when young, have no horns, as is well known, and in the early part of the stalking season, when seen through a glass, might be mistaken for hummels []
  8. (sports) A barrier made of solid, transparent material.
    1. (basketball, colloquial) The backboard.
    2. (ice hockey) The clear, protective screen surrounding a hockey rink.
  9. A barometer.
  10. (attributive, in names of species) Transparent or translucent.
  11. (obsolete) An hourglass.
    • Were my Wiues Liuer / Infected (as her life) ſhe would not liue / The running of one Glaſſe.
  12. (uncountable, photography, informal) Lenses, considered collectively.

Hyponyms

(material):

  • lechatelierite
  • pyrex, Pyrex

Derived terms

Related terms

  • glaze
  • glazier
  • glazing

Descendants

  • Gulf Arabic: قلاص(gḷāṣ)
  • Fiji Hindi: gilaas
  • Indonesian: gelas
  • Japanese: グラス (gurasu)
  • Kikuyu: ngirathi
  • Malay: gelas, ݢلس

Translations

Verb

glass (third-person singular simple present glasses, present participle glassing, simple past and past participle glassed)

  1. (transitive) To fit with glass; to glaze.
  2. (transitive) To enclose in glass.
    • 1664, Robert Boyle, Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours
      I made the Tryal upon a flat piece of purely White Glass’d Earth
  3. (transitive) Clipping of fibreglass.. To fit, cover, fill, or build, with fibreglass-reinforced resin composite (fiberglass).
  4. (transitive, Britain, colloquial) To strike (someone), particularly in the face, with a drinking glass with the intent of causing injury.
    • 1987, John Godber, Bouncers page 19:
      JUDD. Any trouble last night?
      LES. Usual. Couple of punks got glassed.
    • 2002, Geoff Doherty, A Promoter’s Tale page 72:
      I often mused on what the politicians or authorities would say if they could see for themselves the horrendous consequences of someone who’d been glassed, or viciously assaulted.
    • 2003, Mark Sturdy, Pulp page 139:
      One night he was in this nightclub in Sheffield and he got glassed by this bloke who’d been just let out of prison that day.
  5. (transitive, science fiction) To bombard an area with such intensity (nuclear bomb, fusion bomb, etc) as to melt the landscape into glass.
    • 2012, Halo: First Strike, page 190:
      “The Covenant don’t ‘miss’ anything when they glass a planet,” the Master Chief replied.
  6. (transitive) To view through an optical instrument such as binoculars.
  7. (transitive) To smooth or polish (leather, etc.), by rubbing it with a glass burnisher.
  8. (archaic, reflexive) To reflect; to mirror.
    • Happy to glass themselves in so brilliant a mirror.
  9. (transitive) To make glassy.
  10. (intransitive) To become glassy.
    • 2012, Keith Duggan, Cliffs Of Insanity: A Winter On Ireland’s Big Waves (page 32)
      Bourez had timed it perfectly: a wind that was forecast for the morning began to stir just after his arrival and the sea glassed off for a brief period before the waves grew bigger and bigger.

Translations

Anagrams

  • slags

Manx

Etymology 1

From Old Irish glas (blue-grey, green), from Proto-Celtic *glastos.

Adjective

glass

  1. green (of nature), verdant
  2. grey (of animal), ashen (colour)
  3. soft, pale, pasty
  4. raw, unfledged, sappy
  5. callow (of youth)
Derived terms
  • coo glass (greyhound; tope)
  • glassrey

See also

Etymology 2

From Old Irish glas (lock, clasp)

Noun

glass m (genitive singular glish or gleish, plural glish or gleish)

  1. lock

Verb

glass (verbal noun glassey)

  1. lock up, secure

Mutation


Middle English

Noun

glass

  1. Alternative form of glas

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Middle Low German glas

Pronunciation

Noun

glass n (definite singular glasset, indefinite plural glass, definite plural glassa or glassene)

  1. glass (a hard and transparent material)
  2. a glass (container for drink made of glass)
    et glass vin – a glass of wine
  3. a small container, such as a jar or bottle

Derived terms

See also

  • glas (Nynorsk)

References

  • “glass” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Swedish

Alternative forms

  • glace (archaic)

Etymology

Borrowed from French glace, from Old French glace, from Vulgar Latin *glacia, reformation (with change of declension) of Latin glacies, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡlas/

Noun

glass c

  1. an ice cream

Declension

Derived terms

References

  • glass in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)

Anagrams

  • slags


English

Etymology

From Middle English glasen, from glas (glass) (Modern English glass), from Old English glæs, from Proto-Germanic *glasą. Related to glazen.

The noun is from the verb.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡleɪz/
  • Rhymes: -eɪz

Noun

glaze (countable and uncountable, plural glazes)

  1. (ceramics) The vitreous coating of pottery or porcelain; anything used as a coating or color in glazing. See glaze (transitive verb).
  2. A transparent or semi-transparent layer of paint.
  3. A smooth edible coating applied to food.
  4. (meteorology) A smooth coating of ice formed on objects due to the freezing of rain; glaze ice.
  5. Broth reduced by boiling to a gelatinous paste, and spread thinly over braised dishes.
  6. A glazing oven; glost oven.

Related terms

  • glass
  • glaze over
  • glazier
  • glazier’s fallacy
  • glazier’s points
  • glazier’s putty
  • glazing bar

Translations

Verb

glaze (third-person singular simple present glazes, present participle glazing, simple past and past participle glazed)

  1. (transitive) To install windows.
  2. (transitive, ceramics, painting) To apply a thin, transparent layer of coating.
  3. (intransitive) To become glazed or glassy.
  4. (intransitive) For eyes to take on an uninterested appearance.

Translations

References

  • Krueger, Dennis (December 1982). “Why On Earth Do They Call It Throwing?” Studio Potter Vol. 11, Number 1.[1]

Anagrams

  • gazel

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣlaː.zə/

Verb

glaze

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of glazen

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