gloom vs sombreness what difference

what is difference between gloom and sombreness



From Middle English *gloom, *glom, from Old English glōm (gloaming, twilight, darkness), from Proto-West Germanic *glōm, from Proto-Germanic *glōmaz (gleam, shimmer, sheen), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰley- (to gleam, shimmer, glow). The English word is cognate with Norwegian glom (transparent membrane), Scots gloam (twilight; faint light; dull gleam).


  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡluːm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡlum/
  • Rhymes: -uːm


gloom (usually uncountable, plural glooms)

  1. Darkness, dimness, or obscurity.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, chapter 4, in Moonfleet:
      Here was a surprise, and a sad one for me, for I perceived that I had slept away a day, and that the sun was setting for another night. And yet it mattered little, for night or daytime there was no light to help me in this horrible place; and though my eyes had grown accustomed to the gloom, I could make out nothing to show me where to work.
  2. A depressing, despondent, or melancholic atmosphere.
  3. Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow; low spirits; dullness.
    • 1770, Edmund Burke, Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents:
      A sullen gloom and furious disorder prevailed by fits.
  4. A drying oven used in gunpowder manufacture.

Derived terms

  • doom and gloom
  • gloomies
  • gloomily
  • gloomy

Related terms

  • gloam



gloom (third-person singular simple present glooms, present participle glooming, simple past and past participle gloomed)

  1. (intransitive) To be dark or gloomy.
    • 1770, Oliver Goldsmith, The Deserted Village
      The black gibbet glooms beside the way.
    • 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the “Stranger People’s” Country, Nebraska 2005, p. 189:
      Around all the dark forest gloomed.
  2. (intransitive) To look or feel sad, sullen or despondent.
    • a. 1930, D. H. Lawrence, The Lovely Lady
      Ciss was a big, dark-complexioned, pug-faced young woman who seemed to be glooming about something.
  3. (transitive) To render gloomy or dark; to obscure; to darken.
    • A black yew gloom’d the stagnant air.
  4. (transitive) To fill with gloom; to make sad, dismal, or sullen.
    • Such a mood as that which lately gloomed your fancy.
    • 1770, Oliver Goldsmith, The Deserted Village
      What sorrows gloomed that parting day.
  5. To shine or appear obscurely or imperfectly; to glimmer.



sombre +‎ -ness


sombreness (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of somberness


  • somberness

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