glory vs halo what difference

what is difference between glory and halo

English

Etymology

From Middle English glory, glorie, from Old French glorie (glory), from Latin glōria (glory, fame, renown, praise, ambition, boasting). Doublet of gloria.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡlɔː.ɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡlɔɹ.i/
  • (without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /ˈɡlo(ː)ɹi/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːri

Noun

glory (countable and uncountable, plural glories)

  1. Great beauty and splendor.
  2. Honour, admiration, or distinction, accorded by common consent to a person or thing; high reputation; renown.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 2, Canto 1, p. 197,[1]
      In this faire wize they traueild long yfere,
      Through many hard assayes, which did betide;
      Of which he honour still away did beare,
      And spred his glorie through all countries wide.
  3. That quality in a person or thing which secures general praise or honour.
    • 1590, Philip Sidney, The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, “The First Eclogues,” [p. 92b],[2]
      Deeme it no gloire [sic] to swell in tyrannie.
    • c. 1608, William Shakespeare, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Act II, Scene 2,[3]
      As jewels lose their glory if neglected,
      So princes their renowns if not respected.
  4. Worship or praise.
  5. (meteorology, optics) An optical phenomenon, consisting of concentric rings and somewhat similar to a rainbow, caused by sunlight or moonlight interacting with the water droplets that compose mist or clouds, centered on the antisolar or antilunar point.
    Synonym: anticorona
  6. Victory; success.
  7. An emanation of light supposed to shine from beings that are specially holy. It is represented in art by rays of gold, or the like, proceeding from the head or body, or by a disk, or a mere line.
    • 1854, Charles Dickens, Hard Times, Chapter 13,[5]
      Seen across the dim candle with his moistened eyes, she looked as if she had a glory shining round her head.
  8. (theology) The manifestation of the presence of God as perceived by humans in Abrahamic religions.
  9. (obsolete) Pride; boastfulness; arrogance.
    • c. 1624, George Chapman (translator), The Crowne of all Homers Workes Batrachomyomachia or the Battaile of Frogs and Mise, His Hymn’s and Epigrams, London: John Bill, “A Hymne to Venus,” p. 106,[6]
      [] But if thou declare
      The Secrets, truth; and art so mad to dare
      (In glory of thy fortunes) to approue,
      That rich-crownd Venus, mixt with thee in loue;
      Ioue (fir’d with my aspersion, so dispred)
      Will, with a wreakefull lightning, dart thee dead.

Synonyms

  • (emanation of light proceeding from specially holy beings): halo
  • praise
  • worship
  • fame
  • honor
  • honour

Related terms

Translations

Verb

glory (third-person singular simple present glories, present participle glorying, simple past and past participle gloried)

  1. To exult with joy; to rejoice.
    • 1753, James Hervey, “A Visitation Sermon: Preached at Northampton, May 10, 1753”:
      In what the Apostle did glory?—He gloried in a Cross. … [T]o the Ear of a Galatian, it conveyed much the same Meaning, as if the Apostle had gloried in a Halter; gloried in the Gallows; gloried in a Gibbet.
    • 1891: Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d’Urbervilles
      He says he glories in what happened, and that good may be done indirectly; but I wish he would not so wear himself out now he is getting old, and would leave such pigs to their wallowing.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Lectures 4 & 5:
      When the passion is extreme, suffering may actually be gloried in, provided it be for the ideal cause, death may lose its sting, the grave its victory.
  2. To boast; to be proud.
    • 1881, Revised Version, 2 Corinthians 7:14:
      For if in anything I have gloried to him on your behalf, I was not put to shame; but as we spake all things to you in truth, so our glorying also, which I made before Titus, was found to be truth.
  3. (archaic, poetic) To shine radiantly.
    • 1859–85, Alfred Tennyson, Idylls of the King, “The Last Tournament”:
      Down in a casement sat,
      A low sea-sunset glorying round her hair
      And glossy-throated grace, Isolt the Queen.

Translations


Middle English

Noun

glory

  1. Alternative form of glorie


English

Etymology

From Latin halōs, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon; ring of light around the sun or moon; threshing floor with its surrounding threshold; disk of a shield); itself of unknown origin, see هلال‎ and תהילה‎. Used in English since 1563, sense of light around someone’s head since 1646.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈheɪləʊ/
  • (US) enPR: hāʹlō, IPA(key): /ˈheɪloʊ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪləʊ

Noun

halo (plural halos or haloes)

  1. A circular band of coloured light, visible around the sun or moon etc., caused by reflection and refraction of light by ice crystals in the atmosphere.
  2. (astronomy) A cloud of gas and other matter surrounding and captured by the gravitational field of a large diffuse astronomical object, such as a galaxy or cluster of galaxies.
  3. Anything resembling this band, such as an effect caused by imperfect developing of photographs.
  4. (religion) nimbus, a luminous disc, often of gold, around or over the heads of saints, etc., in religious paintings.
  5. The metaphorical aura of glory, veneration or sentiment which surrounds an idealized entity.
  6. (advertising) The bias caused by the halo effect.
    • 2016, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, ‎Health and Medicine Division, ‎Food and Nutrition Board, Food Literacy: How Do Communications and Marketing Impact Consumer Knowledge, Skills, and Behavior? (page 51)
      In both cases, they found that [] there was a halo effect (e.g., when a “low cholesterol” claim was made, consumers perceived other nutrients, such as fat, also to be at low levels when they were actually high). Andrews reported that these misleading halos were reduced only when the claims were accompanied by an evaluative disclosure []
  7. (art, religion, iconography) a circular annulus ring, frequently luminous, often golden, floating above the head
  8. (medicine) A circular brace used to keep the head and neck in position.
  9. (motor racing) A rollbar placed in front of the driver, used to protect the cockpit of a open cockpit racecar.
  10. (automotive) Short for halo headlight.

Synonyms

  • (luminous disc around head of saints in paintings): aureole, nimbus

Derived terms

  • halo effect
  • halo nucleus
  • neutron halo
  • nuclear halo
  • proton halo

Translations

Verb

halo (third-person singular simple present haloes, present participle haloing, simple past and past participle haloed)

  1. (transitive) To encircle with a halo.
    Synonym: inaureole

Related terms

  • halation

Translations

References

  • Webster’s Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “halo”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • hola

Bikol Central

Verb

halo (hálo)

  1. to hush, to make or become quiet

Noun

halo (hàlo)

  1. a pestle

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *salā (filth, dirt)

Noun

halo m

  1. saliva

References

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 319
  • Revue celtique. (1888). France: F. Vieweg., p 374

Catalan

Verb

halo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of halar

Cebuano

Alternative forms

  • hawo

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ha‧lo

Etymology

For the second noun sense, the monitor lizard’s timidity likened to cowardice.

Noun

halo

  1. a monitor lizard
  2. (historical) a cowardly tattooed man

Verb

halo

  1. to mingle

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦalo]
  • Hyphenation: ha‧lo

Etymology 1

From Latin halos.

Noun

halo n

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Declension

Etymology 2

Noun

halo

  1. vocative singular of hala

Further reading

  • halo in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • halo in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

Medieval Latin, from Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon).

Noun

halo c (definite singular haloen, indefinite plural haloer, definite plural haloerne)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Dutch

Etymology

From Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon, ring of light around the sun or moon; threshing floor; disk of a shield), itself of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦaː.loː/

Noun

halo m (plural halo’s, diminutive halootje n)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon).
  2. Similar visual effect resulting from undesirable, roughly circular spots on an imperfectly developed photograph.

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Anagrams

  • hola

Esperanto

Etymology

Borrowed from English hall, German Halle, French halle, Polish hala.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhalo/
  • Hyphenation: ha‧lo
  • Rhymes: -alo

Noun

halo (accusative singular halon, plural haloj, accusative plural halojn)

  1. hall, very large room

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑlo/, [ˈhɑlo̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlo
  • Syllabification: ha‧lo

Etymology 1

Verb

halo

  1. Indicative present connegative form of halkoa.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of halkoa.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of halkoa.

Etymology 2

From English halo, from Latin halōs, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs).

Noun

halo

  1. halo
Declension
Derived terms
  • haloilmiö

Anagrams

  • Alho, alho, laho

French

Etymology

From Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon, ring of light around the sun or moon; threshing floor; disk of a shield), itself of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /a.lo/

Noun

halo m (plural halos)

  1. Halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
  2. Similar visual effect resulting from undesirable, roughly circular spots on an imperfectly developed photograph.

References

  • Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition

Further reading

  • “halo” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • hola, holà

Galician

Verb

halo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of halar

Ido

Noun

halo (plural hali)

  1. hall, very large room

Indonesian

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch hallo. Compare Malay helo.

Interjection

halo

  1. hello

Latin

Etymology

Possibly a denominative verb from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁-s-lo- (with spurious h), from *h₂enh₁- (to breathe), whence animus.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈhaː.loː/, [ˈhäːɫ̪oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈa.lo/, [ˈɑːlɔ]

Verb

hālō (present infinitive hālāre, perfect active hālāvī, supine hālātum); first conjugation

  1. breathe
  2. emit, exhale, release (gas or fragrance)
  3. be fragrant
    • P. Vergilius Maro, Aeneid, Book I, ll. 416 ff.
      Ipsa Paphum sublimis abit sedesque revisit
      Laeta suas ubi templum illi centumque Sabaeo⁠⁠⁠
      Ture calent arae sertisque recentibus halant

      [Venus] goes flying back to Paphos and sees happily again her seat
      Where there is a temple to her and a hundred altars
      That warmly glow with Sheban incense and are perfumed by fresh wreaths.

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • adhālō
  • anhēlo
  • exhālō
  • inhālō
  • redhālō

Synonyms

  • spīrō, feo

Descendants

  • Old French: haler
    • French: haleter

References

  • halo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • halo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • halo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

halo m (definite singular haloen, indefinite plural haloer, definite plural haloene)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

halo m (definite singular haloen, indefinite plural haloar, definite plural haloane)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxa.lɔ/

Etymology 1

From English hallo.

Interjection

halo

  1. (when answering the telephone) hello

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs).

Noun

halo n

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
  2. buzz, hype

Declension

Indeclinable.

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

halo

  1. vocative singular of hala

Further reading

  • halo in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Medieval Latin, from Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon).

Noun

halo m (plural halos)

  1. (astronomy) halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
    Synonym: auréola
  2. (religion, iconography) halo (luminous disc around the heads of saints)
    Synonyms: auréola, nimbo

Romanian

Etymology

From French halo.

Noun

halo n (plural halouri)

  1. halo

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Noun

halo m (Cyrillic spelling хало)

  1. (astronomy) halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Etymology 2

From English hallo.

Interjection

halo (Cyrillic spelling хало)

  1. (when answering the telephone) hello

Synonyms

  • zdravo
  • ćao

Spanish

Etymology

Medieval Latin, from Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon).

Noun

halo m (plural halos)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
  2. halo (nimbus around the head of a holy figure)

Verb

halo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of halar.

Swedish

Etymology

Medieval Latin, from Latin halos, from Ancient Greek ἅλως (hálōs, disk of the sun or moon). Related to English and Danish halo.

Noun

halo c (definite singular halon, indefinite plural halor / haloer, definite plural halorna / haloerna)

  1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

Declension


Tagalog

Noun

halò

  1. mixture
  2. mix (matter added to a mixture)

Noun

halo

  1. pestle

Anagrams

  • laho

Tetum

Verb

halo

  1. to do, to make
  2. to build

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