gloss vs polish what difference

what is difference between gloss and polish

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡlɒs/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡlɔs/
  • (cotcaught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /ɡlɑs/
  • Rhymes: -ɒs, -ɔːs

Etymology 1

Probably from a North Germanic language, compare Icelandic glossi (spark, flame), glossa (to flame); or perhaps from dialectal Dutch gloos (a glow, flare), related to West Frisian gloeze (a glow), Middle Low German glȫsen (to smoulder, glow), German glosen (to smoulder); ultimately from Proto-Germanic *glus- (to glow, shine), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to flourish; be green or yellow). More at glow.

Noun

gloss (usually uncountable, plural glosses)

  1. A surface shine or luster.
    Synonyms: brilliance, gleam, luster, sheen, shine
  2. (figuratively) A superficially or deceptively attractive appearance.
    Synonyms: façade, front, veneer.
    • 1770, Oliver Goldsmith, The Deserted Village
      To me more dear, congenial to my heart, / One native charm than all the gloss of art.
Derived terms
  • glossy
  • glost
Related terms
  • glow
Translations

Verb

gloss (third-person singular simple present glosses, present participle glossing, simple past and past participle glossed)

  1. (transitive) To give a gloss or sheen to.
    Synonyms: polish, shine
  2. (transitive) To make (something) attractive by deception
    • 1722, Ambrose Philips, The Briton
      You have the art to gloss the foulest cause.
  3. (intransitive) To become shiny.
  4. (transitive, idiomatic) Used in a phrasal verb: gloss over (to cover up a mistake or crime, to treat something with less care than it deserves).
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English glosse, glose, from Late Latin glōssa (obsolete or foreign word requiring explanation), from Ancient Greek γλῶσσα (glôssa, language).

Noun

gloss (plural glosses)

  1. (countable) A brief explanatory note or translation of a foreign, archaic, technical, difficult, complex, or uncommon expression, inserted after the original, in the margin of a document, or between lines of a text.
    Synonyms: explanation, note, marginalia
    • 1684, Samuel Butler, Hudibras
      All this, without a gloss or comment, / He would unriddle in a moment.
  2. (countable) A glossary; a collection of such notes.
    Synonyms: glossary, lexicon
  3. (countable, obsolete) An expression requiring such explanatory treatment.
  4. (countable) An extensive commentary on some text.
    Synonyms: commentary, discourse, discussion
  5. (countable, law, US) An interpretation by a court of specific point within a statute or case law.
    • 1979 American Bar Foundation. Annotated code of professional responsibility. page ix
      This volume is thus not a narrowly defined treatment of the Code of Professional Responsibility but rather represents a “common law” gloss on it.
    • 2007 Bruce R. Hopkins. The law of tax-exempt organizations. page 76
      Judicial Gloss on Test [section title]
Derived terms
  • beglossed
Related terms
  • glossary
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English glossen, glosen, from Old French gloser and Medieval Latin glossāre.

Verb

gloss (third-person singular simple present glosses, present participle glossing, simple past and past participle glossed)

  1. (transitive) To add a gloss to (a text).
    Synonyms: annotate, mark up
Derived terms
  • gloss over
Translations

Further reading

  • gloss (material appearance) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • gloss (annotation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • gloss in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • gloss in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • gloss at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • slogs

Portuguese

Noun

gloss m (uncountable)

  1. lip gloss (cosmetic product)


English

Etymology

From Middle English polishen, from Old French poliss-, stem of some of the conjugated forms of polir, from Latin polīre (to polish, make smooth).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: pŏ’lĭsh, IPA(key): /ˈpɒlɪʃ/
  • (US) enPR: pä’lĭsh, IPA(key): /ˈpɑlɪʃ/

Noun

polish (countable and uncountable, plural polishes)

  1. A substance used to polish.
  2. Cleanliness; smoothness, shininess.
  3. Refinement; cleanliness in performance or presentation.

Synonyms

  • (substance): wax
  • (smoothness, shininess): finish, sheen, shine, shininess, smoothness
  • (cleanliness in performance or presentation): class, elegance, panache, refinement, style

Derived terms

  • depolish
  • expolish
  • repolish

Related terms

  • polissoir

Translations

See also

  • apple-polish
  • French polish
  • furniture polish
  • glacial polish
  • nail polish
  • polish remover
  • shoe polish
  • spit and polish
  • stove polish
  • varnish polish

Verb

polish (third-person singular simple present polishes, present participle polishing, simple past and past participle polished)

  1. (transitive) To shine; to make a surface very smooth or shiny by rubbing, cleaning, or grinding.
  2. (transitive) To refine; remove imperfections from.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  3. (transitive) To apply shoe polish to shoes.
  4. (intransitive) To become smooth, as from friction; to receive a gloss; to take a smooth and glossy surface.
    • a. 1626, Francis Bacon, Inquisitions touching the compounding of metals
      The other [gold], whether it will polish so well Wherein for the latter [brass] it is probable it will
  5. (transitive) To refine; to wear off the rudeness, coarseness, or rusticity of; to make elegant and polite.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)

Synonyms

  • (to make smooth and shiny by rubbing): wax, shine, buff, furbish, burnish, smooth, bone
  • (refine): hone, perfect, refine

Derived terms

  • polishable
  • polished
  • polisher
  • polishing
  • polishment
  • polishure
  • repolish
  • unpolish

Related terms

  • polite

Translations

See also

  • interpolish
  • polish off
  • polish up, polish up on

Further reading

  • polish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • polish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • polish at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Hislop, philos

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