gluttony vs gula what difference

what is difference between gluttony and gula

English

Etymology

Old French glutonie, from gloton + -ie < Latin glutio.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡlʌ.tən.i/

Noun

gluttony (countable and uncountable, plural gluttonies)

  1. The vice of eating to excess.

Related terms

  • glut
  • glutton
  • gluttonous
  • gluttonry

Translations

See also

  • alimentiveness


English

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Latin gula (throat, gullet).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡjuːlə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɡ(j)ulə/
  • Homophone: gular (in non-rhotic accents)
  • Rhymes: -uːlə
  • Hyphenation: gul‧a

Noun

gula (plural gulas or gulae)

  1. The upper front of the neck, next to the chin; the upper throat.
  2. (zoology) A plate which in most insects supports the submentum.
  3. (architecture) A capping moulding; a cymatium.

Derived terms

  • gular

Anagrams

  • Agul, Gaul, ugal

Brunei Malay

Etymology

From Sanskrit गुल​ (gula​, unrefined sugar, molasses).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡula/
  • Hyphenation: gu‧la

Noun

gula

  1. sugar (sucrose from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink)

Gamilaraay

Noun

gula

  1. fork

Hausa

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡú.làː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [ɡʷʊ́.làː]

Noun

gulā̀ f (plural gulōlī, possessed form gulàr̃)

  1. a kind of drumstick with a large head (for beating drums)

See also

  • firya
  • makaɗi

Icelandic

Etymology

From gulur (yellow).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkʏːla/
  • Rhymes: -ʏːla

Noun

gula f (genitive singular gulu, no plural)

  1. jaundice

Declension


Indonesian

Etymology

From Malay gula, from Sanskrit गुल (gula, unrefined sugar, molasses​).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡu.la/
  • Hyphenation: gu‧la

Noun

gula (first-person possessive gulaku, second-person possessive gulamu, third-person possessive gulanya)

  1. sugar
    Synonyms: saka, sakar

Affixed terms

Compounds

Further reading

  • “gula” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Javanese

Alternative forms

  • Carakan: ꦒꦸꦭ
  • Roman: goela

Etymology

Borrowed from Sanskrit गुल (gula, unrefined sugar, molasses​).

Noun

gula (ngoko gula, krama gendhis)

  1. sugar

References

  • “gula” in Tim Balai Bahasa Yogyakarta, Kamus Basa Jawa (Bausastra Jawa). Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Laboya

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡuːla]

Noun

gula

  1. sugar

References

  • Allahverdi Verdizade (2019), “gula”, in Lamboya word list, Leiden: LexiRumah

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷoleh₂, from *gʷel- (throat). Cognate with Old Armenian կուլ- (kul-), Russian глотка (glotka, throat), Persian گلو(throat), Urdu گلا(throat) and Northern Kurdish gewrî, gerû (throat).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡu.la/, [ˈɡʊɫ̪ä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈɡu.la/, [ˈɡuːlɑ]

Noun

gula f (genitive gulae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) gullet, throat, palate
  2. gluttony, greediness

Declension

First-declension noun.

Derived terms

  • gulōsus

Related terms

  • gluttiō

Descendants

Noun

gulā f

  1. ablative singular of gula

References

  • gula in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gula in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Malay

Etymology

From Sanskrit गुल (gula, unrefined sugar, molasses).

Pronunciation

  • (Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): /ɡulə/
  • (Riau-Lingga) IPA(key): /ɡula/
  • Rhymes: -ulə, -lə,

Noun

gula (Jawi spelling ݢولا‎, plural gula, informal 1st possessive gulaku, impolite 2nd possessive gulamu, 3rd possessive gulanya)

  1. sugar (sucrose from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink)

Synonyms

  • sakar / ساکر

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “gula” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.

Northern Ndebele

Etymology

Cognate with Swahili -ugua.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb

-gula

  1. to be sick/ill

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈkula/

Verb

gula

  1. inflection of gullat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • gule (for the verbs)

Etymology 1

From gul (gust of wind).

Verb

gula (present tense gular, past tense gula, past participle gula, passive infinitive gulast, present participle gulande, imperative gul)

  1. to blow (slowly)

Etymology 2

From gul (yellow).

Verb

gula (present tense gular, past tense gula, past participle gula, passive infinitive gulast, present participle gulande, imperative gul)

  1. to yellow

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

gula f

  1. definite singular of gule

References

  • “gula” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Norse

Etymology 1

Noun

gula f (genitive gulu)

  1. Alternative form of gola
Declension

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective

gula

  1. inflection of gulr:
    1. strong feminine accusative singular
    2. strong masculine accusative plural
    3. weak masculine oblique singular
    4. weak feminine nominative singular
    5. weak neuter singular

Noun

gula

  1. indefinite genitive plural of gul

References

  • gula in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡu.la/

Etymology 1

A variant of kula.

Noun

gula f

  1. (colloquial) bump (swelling on the skin caused by illness or injury)
  2. (dialectal, regional) female turkey (bird)
    Synonym: indyczka
Declension

Etymology 2

Noun

gula

  1. genitive/accusative singular of gul

Further reading

  • gula in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gula. Doublet of the inherited gola.

Noun

gula f (plural gulas)

  1. gluttony

Related terms

  • gulodice
  • guloso

Rohingya

Noun

gula

  1. fruit

Romansch

Etymology

From Latin gula, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷel- (throat).

Noun

gula f (plural gulas)

  1. (anatomy) throat
  2. (Surmiran) desire, craving, appetite, lust, pleasure, fancy

Derived terms

  • (Puter, Vallader) gulacotschen
  • (Surmiran) gulard

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gula. Compare the inherited doublet gola.

Noun

gula f (plural gulas)

  1. gluttony (habit of eating in excess)
    Synonym: glotonería
  2. gourmandizing

Related terms

  • goloso

Sundanese

Romanization

gula

  1. Romanization of ᮌᮥᮜ

Swazi

Etymology

Cognate with Swahili -ugua.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb

-gula

  1. to be sick/ill

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²ɡʉː.ˌla/
  • Rhymes: -²ʉːla

Adjective

gula

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of gul.

Noun

gula c

  1. a yolk (the yellow of an egg)

Declension

Synonyms

  • äggula

Xhosa

Etymology

Cognate with Swahili -ugua.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb

-gula

  1. to be sick/ill

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu

Etymology

Cognate with Swahili -ugua.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb

-gula

  1. (intransitive) to be sick/ill
  2. (transitive) to skim/scrape together
  3. (intransitive) to lean, to slant

Inflection

References

  • C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972), “gula”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “gula (6.3)”

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