goitre vs struma what difference

what is difference between goitre and struma

English

Alternative forms

  • goiter

Etymology

Borrowed from French, either from Old French goitron (throat, neck, goitre), itself from Vulgar Latin *gutturiō, *gutturiōnem (throat, goitre-like protrusions), from Latin guttur, or a back-formation from French goitreux (goitered).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡɔɪ.tə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɡɔɪ.tɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪtə(ɹ)

Noun

goitre (countable and uncountable, plural goitres)

  1. (Britain, pathology) An enlargement of the front and sides of the neck caused by inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • Rogiet, egriot, goiter

French

Alternative forms

  • goître

Etymology

It appears to be a regional derivation from Old French goitron, from Vulgar Latin *gutturiō, *gutturiōnem, from Latin guttur, or a regressive derivation from goitreux.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡwatʁ/

Noun

goitre m (plural goitres)

  1. goitre

Further reading

  • “goitre” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

From Latin strūma.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈstɹuːmə/

Noun

struma (countable and uncountable, plural strumas or strumae)

  1. (pathology) Scrofula.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 186:
      This was the healing ritual for the King’s Evil, the name given to scrofula or struma, the tubercular inflammation of the lymph glands of the neck.
  2. (pathology) A scrofulous swelling; a tumour or goitre.

Italian

Etymology

From Latin.

Noun

struma f (plural strume)

  1. struma

Anagrams

  • Murtas

Latin

Etymology

From struō.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈstruː.ma/, [ˈs̠(t̪)ɾuːmä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈstru.ma/, [ˈst̪ruːmɑ]

Noun

strūma f (genitive strūmae); first declension

  1. a scrofulous tumor, struma

Declension

First-declension noun.

References

  • struma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • struma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • struma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • struma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

struma m (definite singular strumaen, indefinite plural strumaer, definite plural strumaene)

  1. (pathology) a goitre

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

struma m (definite singular strumaen, uncountable)

  1. (pathology) a goitre

Venetian

Noun

struma f (plural strume)

  1. effort, toil

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