golden vs halcyon what difference

what is difference between golden and halcyon

English

Alternative forms

  • goulden (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡəʊl.dən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡoʊl.dən/, [ˈɡəl.dən]
  • Rhymes: -əʊldən
  • Hyphenation: gol‧den

Etymology 1

From Middle English golden, a restored form (due to the noun gold) of earlier Middle English gulden, gylden, gilden (golden), from Old English gylden (golden), from Proto-Germanic *gulþīnaz (golden, made of gold), equivalent to gold +‎ -en. Cognate with Dutch gouden, gulden (golden), German gülden, golden (golden), Danish gylden (golden). More at gold.

Adjective

golden (comparative more golden or goldener, superlative most golden or goldenest)

  1. Made of, or relating to, gold.
    She wore a golden crown.
  2. Having a colour or other richness suggestive of gold.
    Under a golden sun.
  3. Of a beverage, flavoured or colored with turmeric. [from c. 2010]
  4. Marked by prosperity, creativity etc.
    The Renaissance was a golden era.
    the Golden Horseshoe
    • O Partridge! could I hope once again to see that face; but, alas! all those golden dreams are vanished for ever, and my only refuge from future misery is to forget the object of all my former happiness.
  5. Advantageous or very favourable.
    This is a golden opportunity
    • … a seasoned Champions League outfit, who beat Barcelona at the Nou Camp in 2009-10 and continually worked their way between the home defence to create some golden opportunities.
  6. Relating to a fiftieth anniversary.
    It’s not long until our golden wedding.
  7. Relating to the elderly or retired.
    After retiring, Bob and Judy moved to Arizona to live out their golden years.
  8. (Britain, slang) Fine, without problems.
    • 2007, Colin Barr, Steve Katai, The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Triathlon Training, Penguin →ISBN, page 28
      Many anti-fog variety goggles are available, but if you don’t get that type, just rub a little spit on the lenses before you put them on in the water and you’ll be golden.
    • 2009, Mark Wiskup, Presentation S.O.S.: From Perspiration to Persuasion in 9 Easy Steps, Hachette UK →ISBN
      Therefore, the task ahead is easy. When the spotlight is on you, never let the audience down and you’ll be golden.
    • 2011, Wayne R. Dempsey, 101 Projects for Your Porsche Boxster, Motorbooks →ISBN, page 68
      If all of the marks line up perfectly, then you’re golden, and you can continue on with finishing up the installation.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

golden (plural goldens)

  1. Kyphosus vaigiensis, a fish found in southeast Asia.

Etymology 2

From gold +‎ -en, or perhaps a derivation from the adjective above.

Verb

golden (third-person singular simple present goldens, present participle goldening, simple past and past participle goldened)

  1. (intransitive) To become gold or golden (in colour).
  2. (transitive) To make golden or like gold.
    • 1994, Marion H. Hedges, Iron City:
      It goldened, as nothing else goldened, the commonplace countryside.
Translations

Anagrams

  • Delong, dongle, longed

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɔldən

Verb

golden

  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of gelden

Anagrams

  • dongel, gondel

German

Alternative forms

  • gülden (archaic, poetic)
  • gulden, gölden (obsolete)

Etymology

Common since the 18th century. Alteration (after Gold (gold)) of older gulden, gülden, from Middle High German guldīn, güldīn, from Old High German guldīn, from Proto-Germanic *gulþīnaz. Equivalent to Gold +‎ -en. Cognate with Dutch gulden, gouden, English golden.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔldən/
  • Hyphenation: gol‧den

Adjective

golden (comparative goldener, superlative am goldensten)

  1. golden; gold (made of gold)
  2. golden (gold-coloured)

Declension

Synonyms

  • (in predicative use) aus Gold
  • (in attributive use) Gold-

Derived terms

  • Goldener Schnitt
  • Goldene Zahl
  • goldenes Herz
  • Gulden

See also

Further reading

  • “golden” in Duden online
  • “golden” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • goldene, goldyn, goldin, goldun, goldyng, goldein, gowuldyn, colden, coldin

Etymology

From gilden, reformed by analogy with gold.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɔːldən/

Adjective

golden

  1. Formed from gold.
  2. Decorated or covered with gold.
  3. Having a golden colour.
  4. (figurative) Of excellent quality or worth; precious, best.

Descendants

  • English: golden
  • Scots: gowden

See also

  • gilden

References

  • “gōlden, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 April 2018.

Plautdietsch

Adjective

golden

  1. golden


English

Alternative forms

  • alcyon

Etymology

From Latin halcyōn, alcyōn (kingfisher), from Ancient Greek ἀλκυών (alkuṓn).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhælsiːən/

Noun

halcyon (plural halcyons)

  1. (poetic) A kingfisher said in classical mythology to nest on the sea, thereby calming the waters.
    • 1665, John Dryden, The Indian Emperour
      Amidst our arms as quiet you shall be / As halcyons brooding on a winter sea.
  2. A tropical kingfisher of the genus Halcyon, such as the sacred kingfisher (Halcyon sancta) of Australia.

Translations

Adjective

halcyon (comparative more halcyon, superlative most halcyon)

  1. Pertaining to the halcyon or kingfisher.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. (figuratively) Calm, undisturbed, peaceful, serene.
    Synonyms: at peace, blissful, calm, peaceful, prelapsarian, relaxed, serene; see also Thesaurus:quiet

Derived terms

  • halcyon days

Related terms

  • Alcyone

Translations


Latin

Alternative forms

  • alcyōn

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἀλκυών (alkuṓn, kingfisher).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈhal.ky.oːn/, [ˈhälkyoːn]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈal.t͡ʃi.on/, [ˈɑl̠ʲt͡ʃiɔn]

Noun

halcyōn f (genitive halcyonis); third declension

  1. The halcyon; kingfisher.

Declension

Third-declension noun.

Synonyms

  • (kingfisher, halcyon): alcēdō

Related terms

  • alcēdō
  • Alcyonē

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