gouge vs squeeze what difference

what is difference between gouge and squeeze

English

Etymology

From Middle English gouge (chisel with concave blade; gouge), from Old French gouge, goi (gouge), from Late Latin goia, gubia, gulbia (chisel; piercer), borrowed from Gaulish *gulbiā, from Proto-Celtic *gulbā, *gulbi, *gulbīnos (beak, bill). The English word is cognate with Italian gorbia, gubbia (ferrule), Old Breton golb, Old Irish gulba (beak), Portuguese goiva, Scottish Gaelic gilb (chisel), Spanish gubia (chisel, gouge), Welsh gylf (beak; pointed instrument), gylyf (sickle).

The verb is derived from the noun.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡaʊdʒ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡaʊdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -aʊd͡ʒ

Noun

gouge (countable and uncountable, plural gouges)

  1. Senses relating to cutting tools.
    1. A chisel with a curved blade for cutting or scooping channels, grooves, or holes in wood, stone, etc.
    2. A bookbinder’s tool with a curved face, used for blind tooling or gilding.
    3. An incising tool that cuts blanks or forms for envelopes, gloves, etc., from leather, paper, or other materials.
  2. A cut or groove, as left by a gouge or something sharp.
  3. (originally US, colloquial) An act of gouging.
  4. (slang) A cheat, a fraud; an imposition.
    Synonym: swindle
  5. (slang) An impostor.
  6. (mining) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein of ore.
  7. (US, military, slang, uncountable) Information.
    • 2005, Jay A. Stout, To Be a U.S. Naval Aviator (page 63)
      As all naval aviators have learned at one time or another in their careers, “There’s plenty of bad gouge out there,” and it has, does, and will get the unwary fliers in trouble.
    • 2013, Douglas Waller, Air Warriors: The Inside Story of the Making of a Navy Pilot (page 89)
      The Marines and “Coasties” (the nickname for Coast Guard students) were reputed to have good gouge on each class’s test. Rumor had it that the Marines had inside information on the questions for the next day’s FRR test, []

Derived terms

  • fault gouge
  • gouge bit

Translations

Verb

gouge (third-person singular simple present gouges, present participle gouging, simple past and past participle gouged)

  1. (transitive) To make a groove, hole, or mark in by scooping with or as if with a gouge.
    Synonyms: engrave, grave, incise
  2. (transitive) To cheat or impose upon; in particular, to charge an unfairly or unreasonably high price.
    Synonyms: defraud, swindle
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To dig or scoop (something) out with or as if with a gouge; in particular, to use a thumb to push or try to push the eye (of a person) out of its socket.
  4. (intransitive) To use a gouge.

Derived terms

  • gouger
  • gouging (noun)
  • price gouging
  • regouge

Translations

References

Further reading

  • chisel – gouge on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • gouge (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “gouge”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

French

Etymology

Old French gouge, from Latin gulbia (Late Latin gubia), of Gaulish or Basque origins.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡuʒ/
  • Rhymes: -uʒ

Noun

gouge f (plural gouges)

  1. gouge (groove)
  2. gouge (tool)
  3. (obsolete) female servant
  4. (archaic) prostitute
    • 1857, Charles Baudelaire, Bribes – Damnation,
      On peut les comparer encore à cette auberge, / Espoir des affamés, où cognent sur le tard, / Blessés, brisés, jurant, priant qu’on les héberge, / L’écolier, le prélat, la gouge et le soudard.

      They can also be compared to this inn, / Hope to the starved, where in the night knock, / Injured, broken, cursing, begging to be lodged, / The schoolboy, the prelate, the prostitute and the soldier.

Verb

gouge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gouger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of gouger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of gouger
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of gouger
  5. second-person singular imperative of gouger

Further reading

  • “gouge” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Old French

Etymology

From Late Latin gubia, from Latin gulbia.

Noun

gouge f (oblique plural gouges, nominative singular gouge, nominative plural gouges)

  1. gouge (tool)
  2. (chiefly derogatory) woman

Descendants

  • English: gouge
  • French: gouge

References

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (gouge, supplement)


English

Etymology

From earlier squize, squise (whence also dialectal English squizzen and squeege), first attested around 1600, probably an alteration of quease (which is attested since 1550), from Middle English queisen (to squeeze), from Old English cwēsan, cwȳsan (to crush, squeeze), of unknown origin, perhaps imitative (compare Swedish qväsa, kväsa (to squeeze, bruise, crush; quell), Dutch kwetsen (to injure, hurt), German quetschen (to squeeze)). Compare also French esquicher from Old Occitan esquichar (to press, squeeze). The slang expression “to put the squeeze on (someone or something)”, meaning “to exert influence”, is from 1711. The baseball term “squeeze play” is first recorded 1905. “Main squeeze” (“most important person”) is attested from 1896, the specific meaning “one’s sweetheart, lover” is attested by 1980.

The nonstandard strong forms squoze and squozen, attested dialectally since at least the mid-19th century, are by analogy with freeze.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /skwiːz/
  • Rhymes: -iːz

Verb

squeeze (third-person singular simple present squeezes, present participle squeezing, simple past squeezed or (nonstandard) squoze, past participle squeezed or (nonstandard) squozen)

  1. (transitive) To apply pressure to from two or more sides at once.
    I squeezed the ball between my hands.
    Please don’t squeeze the toothpaste tube in the middle.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob’s Room Chapter 1:
      “Over there—by the rock,” Steele muttered, with his brush between his teeth, squeezing out raw sienna, and keeping his eyes fixed on Betty Flanders’s back.
  2. (transitive) To embrace closely; to give a tight hug to.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To fit into a tight place.
    I managed to squeeze the car into that parking space.
    Can you squeeze through that gap?
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows:
      Could he not squeeze under the seat of a carriage? He had seen this method adopted by schoolboys, when the journey- money provided by thoughtful parents had been diverted to other and better ends.
  4. (transitive) To remove something with difficulty, or apparent difficulty.
    He squeezed some money out of his wallet.
  5. (transitive) To put in a difficult position by presenting two or more choices.
    I’m being squeezed between my job and my volunteer work.
    • 2013 May 23, Sarah Lyall, “British Leader’s Liberal Turn Sets Off a Rebellion in His Party,” New York Times (retrieved 29 May 2013):
      At a time when Mr. Cameron is being squeezed from both sides — from the right by members of his own party and by the anti-immigrant, anti-Europe U.K. Independence Party, and from the left by his Liberal Democrat coalition partners — the move seemed uncharacteristically clunky.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To oppress with hardships, burdens, or taxes; to harass.
  7. (transitive, baseball) To attempt to score a runner from third by bunting.
    Jones squeezed in Smith with a perfect bunt.
Synonyms
  • (to apply pressure to from two or more sides at once): compress, condense; see also Thesaurus:compress

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

squeeze (plural squeezes)

  1. A close or tight fit.
  2. (figuratively) A difficult position.
  3. A hug or other affectionate grasp.
  4. (slang) A romantic partner.
    • 1988, James Ellroy, Dudley Smith Trio: The Big Nowhere, LA Confidential, White Jazz, Random House (→ISBN), page 459:
      He spent nights cruising queer bars near the pad, saw Wiltsie at the dives, but always in the company of his squeeze, a guy he called ‘Duane.’
    • 2012, J. Lamar, Tip Tap Toe, Xlibris Corporation (→ISBN), page 141:
      His young squeeze had just backed out and had not seen the assault on her “ sugar daddy” when it happened!
    • 2014, N. Lombardi Jr., Journey Towards a Falling Sun, John Hunt Publishing (→ISBN)
      But even considering that, he might have been a bit more restrained if he hadn’t run into his former sexy squeeze, Penny Atieno.
  5. (slang) An illicit alcoholic drink made by squeezing Sterno through cheesecloth, etc., and mixing the result with fruit juice.
  6. (baseball) The act of bunting in an attempt to score a runner from third.
  7. (card games) A play that forces an opponent to discard a card that gives up one or more tricks.
  8. (caving) A traversal of a narrow passage.
  9. A moulding, cast or other impression of an object, chiefly a design, inscription etc., especially by pressing wet paper onto the surface and peeling off when dry.
    • 1828, JT Smith, Nollekens and His Times, Century Hutchinson 1986, p. 65:
      Nollekens, finding his wife always benefited by these visits, never refused White a squeeze of a patera, or any thing that would answer his purpose; [] White [] had turned his wine-cellars into manufactories for the produce of cast coins, and moderns squeezes from Roman lamps.
  10. (mining) The gradual closing of workings by the weight of the overlying strata.
  11. (dated) The situation experienced by a middleman when pressured from both sides, especially financially.
  12. (dated) A bribe, fee, or extortionary price paid to a middleman, especially in China; the practice of requiring such a bribe or fee.

Translations

See also

  • squash
  • squeegee
  • squish
  • margin squeeze

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